Economy of Agricultural and Processing Enterprises, 2022, No 11

Contents

AGRARIAN ECONOMIC POLICY

Bukhtiyarova T.I., Mikhailyuk O.N., Baturina I.N. Basic conditions for food security of the state (p. 2-5)

Gogolev I.M., Ostaev H.Ya., Zlobina O.O. Micro and macroeconomic conditions for the formation of food security of the region and country in modern realities (p. 6-13)

Kurdyumov A.V., Savoskin A.V., Meshcheryagina V.A. Relationship of market and state regulators of social entrepreneurship in the agricultural sector of the economy (p. 14-19)

AIC ENTERPRISES IN MARKET ECONOMY

Podrezov A.A., Karpunina E.S. Directions and efficiency of using the production potential of agricultural holdings (p. 20-25)

Iovlev G.A., Dvinina L.D., Saakyan M.K., Goldina I.I. Substantiation of optimal transport support during harvesting of fodder crops (p. 26-32)

REGIONAL ASPECT

Borodin K.G., Frolova E.Yu., Zadorozhnaya E.A. Methodological approaches to market research in the local rural economy (p. 33-37)

Cherkasova O.V., Tsvetnov E.V., Karpova D.V., Marakhova N.A. Self-sufficiency in the basic types of food in the Vladimir Region (p. 38-44)

Panin A.V., Timokhin D.V., Golovina L.A., Logacheva O.V. Regional diversification in the agricultural and food sector: development trends, conditions for deepening (p. 45-50)

CO-OPERATION AND INTEGRATION IN AIC

Mazloev V.Z. Cooperation of labor and production in integrated formations (p. 51-56)

BUSINESS ENTITIES: PROBLEMS AND PRACTICES

Agnaeva I.Yu., Sosenkov A.V., Lylov A.S. Development of a system of criteria for modeling the effectiveness of management forms in the agroindustrial complex (p. 57-60)

LABOR MARKET AND SOCIAL SPHERE IN RURAL LOCALITY

Semin A.N., Namyatova L.E. Theoretical and practical aspects of housing provision of the population as a perspective for the development of rural territories (p. 61-65)

ABROAD

Gavrilova N.G. Introducing modern technologies to increase the economic efficiency of cocoa production in Africa (p. 66-75)

RESEARCH BY YOUNG SCIENTISTS

Luchian V. The development of agriculture in Romania at the present stage (p. 76-82)

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-11-2-5

p. 2-5

Original article

Basic conditions for food security of the state

Tatyana I. Bukhtiyarova1, Oksana N. Mikhailyuk2, Irina N. Baturina3

1Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, Chelyabinsk, Russia

2Ural State Mining University, Yekaterinburg, Russia

3Kurgan State University, Kurgan, Russia

Abstract. The authors define the sustainable development of rural areas as a basic condition for ensuring the food security of the state. Sustainable development of rural areas is considered in the form of a complex harmonious combination of vector components of economic, social and environmental development, implemented through institutional infrastructure, which is in constant development and improvement. The authors, defining the importance of monitoring and timely development of preventive measures to prevent the negative impact of various factors on the activities of economic entities, express their opinion that the result of these actions is an increase in the profitability of the agro-industrial complex and rural areas, economic entities, which in turn helps to prevent crisis phenomena in the economy, strengthening economic sustainability at all levels.

Keywords: agriculture, rural areas, sustainable development, integration processes, food security, innovation-investment business model

 

Information about the authors:

T.I. Bukhtiyarova PhD (Economics), Professor (viola_1_49@mail.ru)

O.N. Mikhailyuk PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (O_mikhajluk@mail.ru)

I.N. Baturina PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (baturina76@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 20.09.2022, approved after reviewing on 28.09.2022, accepted for publication on 03.10.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-11-6-13

p. 6-13

Original article

Micro and macroeconomic conditions for the formation of food security of the region and country in modern realities

Igor M. Gogolev1, Hamlet Ya. Ostaev2, Oksana O. Zlobina3

1,2,3Izhevsk State Agricultural Academy, Izhevsk, Russia

Abstract. The conditions for the implementation of economic relations both at the global and national levels are now subject to stress, which causes their institutional transformation. The countrys food market forms economic stability and security, therefore it is necessary to take into account specific trends and develop measures for its sustainable development. The analysis of agricultural production volumes by rural commodity producers at the level of the region - the Udmurt Republic is made; the trends and features of the formation of the regional food market are formulated; the parameters of the interregional exchange of agricultural products are determined; the classification of factors of the formation of the food market is given. The article reflects the regional peculiarities of food consumption by the population of the Udmurt Republic. Management and organizational and economic measures aimed at sustainable development of the food market and solving the problem of food security of the region and the country in the new realities are suggested.

Keywords: micro and macroeconomic conditions, agricultural products, food security, rural producers, Udmurt Republic

 

Information about the authors:

I.M. Gogolev PhD (Economics), Professor (dekanat_ek@mail.ru)

H.Ya. Ostaev PhD (Economics)

O.O. Zlobina PhD (Economics)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 21.09.2022, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision 05.10.2022, accepted for publication on 10.10.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-11-14-19

p. 14-19

Original article

Relationship of market and state regulators of social entrepreneurship in the agricultural sector of the economy

Alexander V. Kurdyumov1, Alexander V. Savoskin2,Veronika A. Meshcheryagina3

1,2,3Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education Ural State Economic University, Yekaterinburg, Russia

Abstract. Social entrepreneurship, as a private form of business, is a growing phenomenon for Russia and requires additional analysis and study The social entrepreneurship in the agricultural sector of the economy at the national level is developing at a low pace and is still on a par with non-profit organizations and small and medium-sized businesses. In this regard, we can highlight the problems of its definition, representativeness and scaling Social entrepreneurship for the agricultural sector is not only an effective tool, but also represents an additional mechanism to state regulation. For the functioning of social entrepreneurship, it is necessary to ensure the economic and legal conditions for its conduct. Here, the issues of combining market and state regulators for the agro-industrial complex come to the fore. Assessing the effectiveness of the regulators makes it possible to draw a number of conclusions about the driving force for the development of social entrepreneurship in the agri-food sector. In order to achieve concrete results from the Institute of Social Entrepreneurship in the agri-food sphere, it is necessary to form a unified concept for the development of social business at the level of the regulatory framework, increase the states participation in financing social projects at the initial stages, and improve promotion and information tools. According to the results of the study, social entrepreneurs for the agricultural sector have the greatest difficulties with recruiting and creating conditions for novice entrepreneurs.

Keywords: social entrepreneurship, social enterprises, state regulators, market regulators, agricultural sector

Acknowledgements: the study was carried out with the financial support of the RFFI, project No. 21-51-00001.

 

Information about the authors:

A.V. Kurdyumov Associate Professor, Candidate of Economic Sciences, Head of the Department of Competition Law and Antimonopoly Regulation (kurdyumov@usue.ru)

A.V. Savoskin Doctor of Law, Head of the Department of Constitutional and International Law (savoskin_av@usue.ru)

V.A. Meshcheryagina PhD in Law, Associate Professor of the Department of Constitutional and International Law (metsheryagina@yandex.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 22.09.2022, approved after reviewing on 28.09.2022, accepted for publication on 03.10.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-11-20-25

p. 20-25

Original article

Directions and efficiency of using the production potential of agricultural holdings

Alexander A. Podrezov1, Ekaterina S. Karpunina2

1VNIOPTUSKH is a branch of the Federal Scientific Center for Agrarian Economics and Social Development of Rural Territories, Moscow, Russia

2VIPK Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Domodedovo, Moscow region, Russia

Abstract. Constant monitoring of the sustainability of the functioning of agricultural holdings is particularly relevant in modern conditions of institutional transformation. It is important to assess the efficiency of using the production potential of agricultural holdings. The article proposes to carry out such an assessment based on the analysis of the dynamics of achievement (non-achievement) of the threshold values of self-sufficiency of the country with the main types of food established by the Food Security Doctrine of the Russian Federation. The practical task of researching the functioning of agricultural holding structures is to determine the directions of their use of their production potential. In the article, based on the methodology of expert assessment and a comprehensive analysis of socio-economic objects, processes using interdisciplinary approaches, the following is assessed: the potential of agricultural holdings in the production of certain types of agricultural raw materials and food; human resources of agricultural holdings in 2022; potential directions for using the production potential of agricultural holdings; the potential of export destinations to use the production potential of agricultural holdings. The article proposes, as the results of the study, promising directions for the development of agricultural holdings in the system of food subcomplexes of the agro-industrial complex of Russia. These include robotization and automation of production processes; development and application of own scientific and technological solutions in product areas of specialization; activation of participation in the implementation of national projects for training personnel for the digital economy.

Keywords: agricultural holding, performance, potential, efficiency, trends, assessment, development directions, export

 

Information about the author:

A.A. Podrezov PhD (Economics) (padre70@mail.ru)

E.S. Karpunina PhD (Economics) (Oliva 1985@km.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 22.09.2022, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 10.10.2022, accepted for publication on 12.10.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-11-26-32

p. 26-32

Original article

Substantiation of optimal transport support during harvesting of fodder crops

Grigory A. Iovlev1, Lidia D. Dvinina2, Movses K. Saakyan3, Irina I. Goldina4

1,3,4FGBOU VO Ural State Agrarian University, Yekaterinburg, Russia

2JSC Kamenskoye, Sverdlovsk Region, Russia

Abstract. In order to find reserves for optimizing production and management activities, the authors consider the possibility of reducing the costs of the enterprise by increasing the efficiency of the harvesting and transport complex, which is achieved by optimizing its composition. The essence of optimization is to organize the operation of equipment without downtime. In the article, the authors have proposed various mathematical dependencies for any agricultural organizations in order to select different types of vehicles, determining the required amount of these funds in the absence of the required number of basic cars. To substantiate the transport support, the values of the following indicators obtained as a result of time-lapse observation were taken: vehicle waiting time and vehicle loading time - for forage harvesters; loading waiting time, vehicle loading time - for vehicles. The necessary calculations were performed and the optimal composition of the harvesting and transport complex for the specified conditions was determined. The described methodology can be used in relation to various agricultural crops.

Keywords: agro-industrial complex, transport, combines, cars, fodder crops, harvesting, optimization

 

Information about the authors:

G.A. Iovlev PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (gri-iovlev@yandex.ru)

L.D. Dvinina (dvininalidia@yandex.ru)

M.K. Saakyan PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (samokar@mail.ru)

I.I. Goldina (ir.goldina@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 12.09.2022, approved after reviewing 20.09.2022, accepted for publication on 21.09.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-11-33-37

p. 33-37

Original article

Methodological approaches to market research in the local rural economy

Konstantin G. Borodin1, Elena Yu. Frolova2, Elena A. Zadorozhnaya3

1,2,3VIAPI Branch of the FSBI FNC VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article presents the justification of methodological approaches to the study of local agricultural production markets (the level of administrative districts of the subjects of the Russian Federation) in the conditions of development of rural local economy. The developed methodological tools were used to assess the level of development of retail markets and fair trade in the districts of Omsk and Tambov regions. The final part of the article presents the main conclusions of the study. The main subjects of the markets of the local rural economy are local producers who are not included in the composition of large agricultural and processing enterprises located in this area, and local consumers, residents of villages, villages and cities within which local producers sell their products or services. The development of the markets of the local rural economy is determined by the sales potential of local food products, which is limited for small and medium-sized producers by available local sales channels, such as agricultural markets and fairs, unlike large producers whose sales are focused on network trade, large regional wholesalers or their own trading houses.

Keywords: local rural economy, the role of local markets in the development of rural economy, methodological approaches to assessing the development of markets in the local rural economy

 

Information about the authors:

K.G. Borodin Doctor of Economics, Head of the Department (borkg_cd@mail.ru)

E.Yu. Frolova, Ph.D. in Economics, Leading Researcher (efrolova@inbox.ru)

E.A. Zadorozhnaya, Research Associate (lena.zadorozhnaya@gmail.com)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 20.09.2022, approved after reviewing on 04.10.2022, accepted for publication on 05.10.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-11-38-44

p. 38-44

Original article

Self-sufficiency in the basic types of food in the Vladimir Region

Olga V. Cherkasova1, Evgeniy V. Tsvetnov2, Dina V. Karpova3, Nina A. Marakhova4

1FSBSI FRC AESDRA VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

2,3,4Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article substantiates the choice of such an indicator as self-sufficiency in basic types of food as a criterion for assessing food security at the municipal level. The methodology proposed by the authors for calculating indicators of self-sufficiency in basic types of food at the municipal level is described in detail in earlier publications. The results of the analysis of the data obtained on self-sufficiency in such types of products as potatoes, vegetables, meat, milk, fruits and berries in the municipal districts of the Vladimir region in dynamics in the period 2010-2021 are presented. The leaders in self-sufficiency of the main types of food in 2021 were Sobinsky and Yuriev-Polsky municipal districts located in the zone of the most fertile gray forest soils. Indicators of self-sufficiency in meat are below the norm, with the exception of Sobinsky and Yuriev-Polsky districts. The situation for milk is somewhat better, self-sufficiency indicators are normal and higher in six municipalities: Kovrovsky, Petushinsky, Selivanovsky, Sobinsky, Sudogodsky and Yuriev-Polsky; positive dynamics was observed in the period 2010-2021. For vegetables in all municipalities of the Vladimir region in the period 2010-2021, negative dynamics was observed, and as of 2021, low indicators of self-sufficiency were noted, with the exception of Vyaznikovsky and Yuriev-Polsky districts. An assessment of the relationship between self-sufficiency of the main types of products and the level of land degradation in the municipalities of the Vladimir region is given.

Keywords: food security, self-sufficiency, municipalities, Vladimir region, land degradation

Acknowledgements: the study was carried out with the financial support of the RFFI, project No. 19-29-05021 Economics of land degradation and food security of Russian regions.

 

Information about the authors:

O.V. Cherkasova PhD (Economics), Leading Scientific Worker (o.cherkasova@vniiesh.ru)

E.V. Tsvetnov PhD (Biology), Leading Scientific Worker (ecobox@mail.ru)

D.V. Karpova PhD (Economics), Leading Scientific Worker (karpovad@mail.ru)

N.A. Marakhova Leading Engineer (zenafelekca@gmail.com)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 22.09.2022, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 07.10.2022, accepted for publication on 10.10.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-11-45-50

p. 45-50

Original article

Regional diversification in the agricultural and food sector: development trends, conditions for deepening

Alexander V. Panin1, Dmitriy V. Timokhin2, Lidiya A. Golovina3, Olga V. Logacheva4

1Russian State Agrarian University MSHA named after K.A. Timiryazev, Moscow, Russia

2Moscow State University for the Humanities and Economics, Moscow, Russia

3,4VNIOPTUSKH is a branch of the Federal Scientific Center for Agrarian Economics and Social Development of Rural Territories, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article contains an analytical review of diversification processes in the agro-food sector. The reasons for the formed diversification trends are identified; the potential for their modification or preservation is assessed, taking into account the transformation of factors that are catalysts for these processes; considerable attention is paid to issues of regional diversification in the context of sanctions restrictions. Possible modifications of the processes of regional diversification in the agro-food sector in the focus of measures taken by the countrys leadership in the framework of the formation of national food security and ensuring the long-term integrated development of the national agro-food sector have been studied. The reserves of the use of existing technological capabilities for constructive support and correction of the trends of regional diversification have been assessed. The possible prospective territories of localization of agro-industrial enterprises in the regions are investigated. Based on the results of the study, measures are proposed to optimize the trends of regional diversification, taking into account the capabilities of the state.

Keywords: agri-food sector, diversification, agricultural business, economic forecasting, trends, regional economy

 

Information about the authors:

A.V. Panin Candidate of Technical Sciences, Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor of the Department of Machine and Tractor Fleet Operation and High Technologies in Crop Production (panin_a.v@mail.ru)

D.V. Timokhin Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Economics and Innovation (dtprepod@yandex.ru)

L.A. Golovina Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Leading Researcher of the Department of Economic Relations in Agricultural Organizations (golovina.lidia@yandex.ru)

O.A. Logacheva Candidate of Economic Sciences, Leading Researcher of the Department of Economic Relations in Agricultural Organizations (Ro22ashka@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 12.09.2022, approved after reviewing on 20.09.2022, accepted for publication on 26.09.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-11-51-56

p. 51-56

Original article

Cooperation of labor and production in integrated formations

Vitaly Z. Mazloev

FSBSIFRC AESDRA VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article considers actual problems arising in the process of agro-industrial integration, that is, in the creation of large agricultural organizations, processing and agro-service enterprises. The system of relationships in the exchange of industrial and labor activities, as well as the issues of their optimal level of interaction, has been studied. The organizational structure of integrated agro-industrial formation is substantiated and proposed.

Keywords: cooperation, integration, labor collective, labor processes, production, agriculture

 

Information about the author:

V.Z. Mazloev Doctor of Economics, Professor, Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation, Chief Researcher (mazloevv@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 04.10.2022, approved after reviewing on 10.10.2022.2022, accepted for publication on 11.10.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-11-57-60

p. 57-60

Original article

Development of a system of criteria for modeling the effectiveness of management forms in the agro-industrial complex

Irina Yu. Agnaeva1, Alexey V. Sosenkov2, Anton S. Lylov3

1VNIOPTUSkH, branch of the Federal Scientific Center for Agrarian Economics and Social Development of Rural Areas, Moscow, Russia

2 , . ,

3 , . ,

Abstract. The agro-industrial complex of Russia has a complex structure of forms of management. The implemented principle of its multiplicity until recently included personal subsidiary farms, peasant (farmer) farms, sole proprietors and agricultural organizations as part of the forms of management of the agricultural sector of the economy. The situation has changed significantly since 2020. The backbone organizations of the agro-industrial complex were identified, including not only large agricultural organizations, but also the corresponding agricultural holdings. Since 2021, state support for private households has been provided. This required the allocation of a segment of institutionalized agricultural producers as self-employed from a variety of personal subsidiary farms. The discussion also continues about the need to divide personal subsidiary farms into commodity and non-commodity ones. All the above problems, institutional changes, as well as modern complex foreign economic conditions of the functioning of the economic entities of the domestic agro-industrial complex have determined the need to improve the methodology for modeling the effectiveness of business forms. The article discusses the legislative and regulatory norms that establish the criteria for classifying business entities in the agrarian sector to a certain category. These criteria did not form a unified system that allows evaluating various forms of management in a single methodological field. To solve this problem, the authors propose a system of criteria and their normative values (upper limit) for modeling and evaluating the effectiveness of business forms in the agro-industrial complex, with the calculation of the efficiency index based on them, which is a mathematical model of the effectiveness of the business form.

Keywords: criteria, efficiency, modeling, AIC, categories of management, personal subsidiary farms, peasant (farm) enterprises, individual entrepreneurs, self-employed, agricultural organizations, agricultural holdings

 

Information about the authors:

I.Yu. Agnayeva Candidate of Economic Sciences, Leading Researcher, Department of Economics of Industries and Forms of Management (still78@mail.ru)

A.V. Sosenkov Senior Lecturer, Department of Crisis Management and Evaluation (alexstud17@mail.ru)

A.S. Lylov Candidate of Economic Sciences, Senior Lecturer (las85@yandex.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 23.09.2022, approved after reviewing on 03.10.2022, accepted for publication on 05.10.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-11-61-65

p. 61-65

Original article

Theoretical and practical aspects of housing provision of the population as a perspective for the development of rural territories

Alexander N.Semin1, Lyudmila E. Namyatova2

1Ural State Mining University, Yekaterinburg, Russia

2Ural Federal University named after First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russia

Abstract. The article considers the dual nature of housing as an economic category, the specific features of housing as a commodity and the features of the housing market. The algorithm of the program for the development of the housing stock in rural areas is presented. The factual material on the condition of the rural housing stock in Russia is given. The results of scientists research on this issue are presented. The indicators for the State Program of the Russian Federation Integrated Development of Rural Territories are indicated. In general, the material of the article can be used by universities in the preparation and retraining of specialists in the economic profile.

Keywords: needs, housing, rural areas, rural housing stock, housing market, housing stock development program algorithm, emergency housing, state program

 

Information about the author:

A.N. Semin PhD (Economics), Professor, Academician of RAS (aleks_ural_55@mail.ru)

L.E. Namyatova PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (stule.lyudmila@gmail.com)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 26.09.2022, approved after reviewing on 04.10.2022, accepted for publication on 06.10.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-11-66-75

p. 66-75

Original article

Introducing modern technologies to increase the economic efficiency of cocoa production in Africa

Nina G. Gavrilova

Centre for Transition Economy Studies, Institute for African Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. Global cocoa production has undergone significant changes over the past 60 years. The global volume of cultivation of this crop has grown significantly. The leading manufacturing countries in the industry have also switched their positions over the time. African countries, such as Ghana, Nigeria, Ivory Coast and Cameroon have significantly improved their results. At the same time, Ivory Coast steadily occupies the first place in this top for more than 40 years. To analyze the performance, two African states were selected the first (Ivory Coast) and last (Cameroon) of the top ten. As a result, it was found that farmers in both countries have similar problems, regardless of the amount of cocoa produced. Almost all difficulties are associated with problems of maintaining tall cocoa trees due to difficult access, which significantly reduces the already unsatisfactory productivity of the sector. Another important problem in the selected African countries is the jobless youth employment; as young people dont want put their life to work in backward agriculture. Despite the nominal increase of production volumes, the cocoa industry is undergoing a crisis, as its development follows an extensive path. Since cocoa is an indispensable product used in many fields, intensification plays a crucial role in the industry development. Therefore manufacturers have begun to use modern digital developments including hardware and software solutions more often. One of the decisions is to implement unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in the cocoa industry to collect and process information (quality assessment of cocoa trees, terrain mapping, etc.), as well as to take care of cocoa trees (for example, for the precise application of chemical protection against pests and diseases). The article demonstrates the use of UAVs on the example of the cocoa sectors of Ivory Coast and Cameroon. Today, the latest technologies are still in the development and testing phase, so their large-scale application has not been implemented yet. However it is clear that innovations developed for the cocoa industry will not only increase production efficiency but also may attract young professionals to the sector. It is expected that these developments can be subsequently applied on a wider scale and will be used not only in the cocoa industry but in many other fields.

Keywords: Africa, Côte dIvoire, Cameroon, agriculture, production, cocoa, information technology, digitalization, unmanned aerial vehicles

 

Information about the author:

N.G. Gavrilova Junior Research Fellow Centre for Transition Economy Studies; ORCID: http://orcid/org/0000-0003-0176-7804; Scopus Author ID: 57217679127 (ninagavrilova1976@gmail.com

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 24.08.2022, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 19.09.2022, accepted for publication on 21.09.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-11-76-82

p. 76-82

Original article

The development of agriculture in Romania at the present stage

Vladislav Luchian

Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. Romanias accession to the European Union in 2007, from the point of view of the subsectors of agriculture, as well as the integration of any of the Eastern European countries, became a challenge for the EU and especially for the Common Agricultural Policy (hereinafter CAP). Romania and Bulgaria, with the countries that joined in 2004 (Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia), added more than 100 million new consumers to the EU, while doubling the number of farmers and increasing the number of farms by 74%. As a result, a new EU agricultural strategy was developed. The article shows what path Romania has taken in the development, consolidation and European integration of its agricultural subsectors of the economy and what successes its agriculture has achieved in the 15 years since the countrys accession to the EU (2007-2022).

Keywords: Romania, European Union, EU Common Agricultural Policy, agriculture, efficiency, export potential, sales markets, economic development

 

Information about the author:

V. Luchian postgraduate student (k.luchian@gmail.com)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 05.10.2022, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 14.10.2022, accepted for publication on 17.10.2022