Economy of Agricultural and Processing Enterprises, 2022, No 12

Contents

AGRARIAN ECONOMIC POLICY

Maslova V.V., Savkina G.M., Avdeev M. V. Tools for economic regulation of agricultural development at the present stage (p. 2-9)

Semin A.N., Kilimnik E.V., Kovalev V.E., Lylov A.S. Fishing industry in Russia: pricing problems and Westerns sanctions (p. 10-16)

AIC ENTERPRISES IN MARKET ECONOMY

Anishchenko A.N., Kislitskiy M.M. Cliometric approach to identifying and analyzing structural shifts in the sphere of milk production in Russia (p. 17-20)

Tikhomirov A.I. Economic efficiency of technological modernization and intensification of animal husbandry in Russia (p. 21-24)

Babanskaya A.S., Kolomeeva E.S., Tikunova A.S., Minaeva V.M. Development concept of environmentally responsible organizations of AIC (p. 25-34)

Jurk N.A. Rationale for the selection of measures to manage potential hazards within the framework of the safety management system (p. 35-40)

REGIONAL ASPECT

Zhangorazova Zh.S., Bagova D.M. Strategic variability of agro-economic development of the region as a result of program-targeted management (p. 41-46)

Khalishkhova L.Z., Taov R.Kh., Kaitmazov T.B., Temrokova A.Kh. Developing a set of recommendations for improving environmental safety of the agroecosystem (p. 47-52)

INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT

Kolonchin K.V., Namyatova L.E., Cherdantsev P.V., Semin V.A. The impact of digitalization on the formation of business processes in agriculture and fisheries (p. 53-57)

Samarkhanov T.G., Demishkevich G.M. Ways to increase the role of additional agricultural education in the conditions of digitalization and innovative development of the agro-industrial complex (p. 58-64)

BUSINESS ENTITIES: PROBLEMS AND PRACTICES

Chernova Yu.V., Kurmaeva I.S., Baymisheva T.A. Integrated rating assessment of the regions of the Russian Federation on the level of development of small businesses in the agricultural sector (p. 65-72)

Sushentsova S.S., Agnaeva I.Yu., Kazora M.Yu. Economic model of the efficiency of peasant (farmer) farms in the spatial development of Russia (p. 73-77)

CO-OPERATION AND INTEGRATION IN AIC

Golovina S.G., Ruchkin A.V. Models of functioning of agricultural cooperatives in modern conditions (p. 78-84)

Moiseeva O.A. New forms of cooperatives in the agricultural sector of the economy as the basis of its spatial development (p. 85-90)

LABOR MARKET AND SOCIAL SPHERE IN RURAL LOCALITY

Sharapova V.M., Sharapova N.V., Sharapov Yu.V. Management of human capital of agricultural organizations of the Sverdlovsk region (p. 91-94)

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-12-2-9

p. 2-9

Original article

Tools for economic regulation of agricultural development at the present stage

Vlada V. Maslova1, Galina M. Savkina2, Mikhail V. Avdeev3

1,2,3Federal Scientific Center for Agrarian Economics and Social Development of Rural Territories VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article is devoted to the analysis of certain basic instruments of economic regulation of the development of agriculture at the present stage pricing policy, lending, insurance. The authors emphasize that prices and price relations in the agro-food market do not fully ensure the balanced functioning of agricultural producers. Despite a slight slowdown in the pace of price growth in the agro-industrial complex observed in the period from January to August 2022, a more systematic approach to stabilizing the price situation is required. Additional measures are needed to ensure the profitability of producers, the balance of supply and demand. In terms of improving the lending system, it is necessary both to increase the volume of concessional lending and increase the volume of its state support, and to restructure the structure of lending and investments with priority investments in promising areas. In addition to supporting large businesses, backbone enterprises need institutions and mechanisms for lending to small businesses. The volume of the agricultural insurance market remains narrow, the coefficients of compensation for damage are at a suboptimal level, the funds of state subsidies are used inefficiently. It seems advisable to create a state insurance company that will provide insurance to agricultural producers with state support, and to amend legislation to improve insurance techniques.

Keywords: agriculture, economic regulation, prices, price regulation, lending, insurance, government support, subsidies

 

Information about the authors:

V.V. Maslova - Doctor of Economics, Professor of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Head of the Department of Research of Price and Financial and Credit Relations in the agro-industrial complex (maslova_vlada@mail.ru)

G.M. Savkina - Candidate of Economic Sciences, Leading researcher of the Department of Research of price and financial and credit relations in the agro-industrial complex

M.V. Avdeev - Candidate of Economic Sciences, Leading researcher of the Department of Research of price and financial and credit relations in the agro-industrial complex

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 11.10.2022, approved after reviewing on 17.10.2022, accepted for publication on 18.10.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-12-10-16

p. 10-16

Original article

Fishing industry in Russia: pricing problems and Westerns sanctions

Alexander N. Semin1, Evgeniy V. Kilimnik2, Viktor E.Kovalev3, Anton S. Lylov4

1,3,4Ural State University of Economics, Yekaterinburg, Russia

2Ural Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, Yekaterinburg, Russia

Abstract. The article examines the issue of fish and seafood production in Russia in 2010-2022. The pricing policy, quantitative and qualitative changes in the consumption of fish products by the population of the country, the dynamics of export-import operations of the Russian Federation with fish products are determined. It is established how the introduction of economic sanctions in 2014-2022 affected the trade in fish and seafood in Russia. The analysis of the situation with Russian fish products in the EU and the USA in their domestic consumption markets is given. The importance of the fishing industry for the countrys food security is revealed.

Keywords: fishery complex, seafood, pricing, production, problems, development, export, import, food security, Russia, sanctions, United States of America, EU countries, world market, international trade

 

Information about the authors:

A.N. Semin PhD (Economics), Professor, Academician of RAS (aleks_ural_55@mail.ru)

E.V. Kilimnik PhD (Art History), Professor (kilimnik_06@mail.ru)

V.E. Kovalev PhD (Economics), Professor (vicko@yandex.ru)

A.S. Lylov PhD (Economics) (las@usue.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 02.11.2022, approved after reviewing on 08.11.2022, accepted for publication on 10.11.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-12-17-20

p. 17-20

Original article

Cliometric approach to identifying and analyzing structural shifts in the sphere of milk production in Russia

Alesya N. Anishchenko1, Mikhail M. Kislitskiy2

1Institute for Market Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

2Ural Research Institute of Economic Security and Rural Development, Yekaterinburg, Russia

Abstract. The article presents the results of a study of the dynamics of milk production in Russia, conducted on the basis of a cliometric approach. The study used data on the average annual volume of milk production for the period from 1890 to 2022. The results of calculating the mass and shear rate in the field of milk production, obtained on the basis of determining the rate of dynamics of its production in Russia, are presented. The study revealed the factors and causes of structural shifts in the dairy subcomplex of the Russian economy in various chronological periods.

Keywords: cliometric approach, milk, production, dynamics, tempo, shift, mass, speed

Acknowledgements: the study was carried out within the framework of the state task of the IPR RAS, the topic of research is Institutional transformation of economic security in solving socio-economic problems of sustainable development of the national economy of Russia.

 

Information about the authors:

A.N. Anishchenko PhD (Economics), Head of Laboratory (anishchenko-an@mail.ru)

M.M. Kislitskiy PhD (Economics), Chief Researcher (mmk-science@yandex.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 07.11.2022, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 11.11.2022, accepted for publication on 15.11.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-12-21-24

p. 21-24

Original article

Economic efficiency of technological modernization and intensification of animal husbandry in Russia

Alexey I. Tikhomirov

Federal Research Center for Animal Husbandry named after Academy Member L.K. Ernst, Dubrovitsy, Moscow region, Russia

Abstract. The article analyzes the current state of animal husbandry in Russia, identifies the main trends and factors of the industry development. It has been established that a sharp reduction in the number of farm animals has led to a drop in the volume of livestock production, with the exception of pig and poultry farming. Increasing the productivity of animals and the introduction of modern technologies ensured the technological modernization and reduction of the resource intensity of production. Favorable market conditions contributed to the growth of profitability and investment attractiveness of the industry. The high technological dependence of the industry determines the formation of risks. Based on the analysis, the directions of increasing the sustainability of animal husbandry development are proposed.

Keywords: animal husbandry, technological modernization, intensification of production, economic efficiency, labor costs

Acknowledgements: the study was carried out with the topic of the state assignment of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia No. 0445-2021-0003.

 

Information about the author:

A.I. Tikhomirov PhD (Economics), Senior Researcher (tikhomirov991@gmail.com)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 01.11.2022, approved after reviewing on 07.11.2022, accepted for publication on 09.11.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-12-25-34

p. 25-34

Original article

Development concept of environmentally responsible organizations of AIC

Anastasiya S. Babanskaya1, Elena S. Kolomeeva2, Anna S. Tikunova3, Viktoriya M. Minaeva4

1,2,3,4Russian State Agrarian University - Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The functioning of agricultural organizations in a green economy should be assessed not only in the context of economic efficiency and competitiveness, but also from the standpoint of ensuring environmental safety, ecological outlook, which determines the relevance of the research topic. The article proposes a concept for the development of environmentally responsible agribusiness organizations based on the principles of the formation of an environmentally safe environment, taking into account the problems and risks arising in the process of greening their activities, modern principles and approaches to the ecological worldview of organizations, methodological foundations for assessing the ecological and economic efficiency of agribusiness organizations. The concepts of an environmentally responsible organization, approaches and principles of environmentally responsible behavior of agricultural organizations are clarified, risk-forming factors and barriers in the formation of their environmentally responsible behavior are substantiated. The existing experience of assessing the level of environmentally responsible behavior of agricultural organizations is analyzed. A methodological approach to assessing the level of environmentally responsible behavior is proposed and the composition of indicators characterizing the ecological and economic efficiency of the activities of agricultural organizations is given. Strategic guidelines for the development of organic agriculture as a basis for the formation of environmental responsibility are substantiated.

Keywords: environmental responsibility, agribusiness organizations, assessment of the level of environmentally responsible behavior, development concept, organic agriculture

Acknowledgements: the study was carried out with the financial support of the Russian State Agrarian University - Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K.A. Timiryazev within the framework of the intra-university competition Food Sovereignty project topic Research of the conceptual foundations of the analysis of the efficiency and competitiveness of environmentally responsible organizations of the agro-industrial complex of the Russian Federation No. 5 within the framework of the implementation of the University development program Agroproyv-2030 of the strategic leadership program Priority-2030.

 

Information about the authors:

A.S. Babanskaya Ph.D. economy Sciences, Associate Professor (banasti@rgau-msha.ru)

E.S. Kolomeeva Ph.D. economy Sciences, Associate Professor (kolomeeva@rgau-msha.ru)

A.S. Tikunova Student (v95-ann@yandex.ru)

V.M. Minaeva Student (vikavesvan@gmail.com)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 12.10.2022, approved after reviewing on 19.10.2022, accepted for publication on 20.10.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-12-35-40

p. 35-40

Original article

Rationale for the selection of measures to manage potential hazards within the framework of the safety management system

Natalia A. Jurk

Omsk State Agrarian University named after P.A. Stolypin, Omsk, Russia

Abstract. The food safety management system is created and implemented using the well-known PDCA (Plan-Do-Check-Act) approach. A HACCP plan and (or) a similar PRPo plan is being developed based on hazard analysis and validation of selected activities with a verification procedure and a traceability system. This will allow you to quickly manage potential hazards in the production of food products. Based on the results of previous studies, all possible dangerous factors that arise during the production of the product the object of research have been identified. In accordance with the principles of the question-answer system, measures have been defined to manage hazards arising in the process of manufacturing products. The selected activities served as the basis for the development of the PRPo plan, which includes: selection and justification of management measures with indication of hazards, monitoring procedures, corrective actions, verification. The plan is a controlled document describing how all food safety hazards are managed and controlled during production.

Keywords: food production, management, measures, potential hazards, assessment, PRPo plan

 

Information about the author:

N.A. Jurk PhD (Engineering), Associate Professor (na.yurk@omgau.org)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 15.08.2022, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 05.10.2022, accepted for publication on 11.10.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-12-41-46

p. 41-46

Original article

Strategic variability of agro-economic development of the region as a result of program-targeted management

Zhansurat S. Zhangorazova1, Dzhuletta M. Bagova2

1,2Kabardino-Balkarian State Agrarian University, Nalchik, Russia

Abstract. In the course of the research, a systematic analysis of the current trends and problems of the development of the agricultural sector of the economy of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic was carried out. The complex nature of the state support of the agroindustrial complex on the basis of program-target management is revealed. With the help of the most important indicators, the role of the agricultural sector in the economy of the region is substantiated. The positive results and disadvantages of the implementation of the regional state program for the development of agriculture are highlighted. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the program, attention is focused on the key areas of the agricultural sector and the most significant activities implemented in 2020 within the framework of individual subprograms. Strategic priorities and options for the development of the agro-industrial complex of the republic in the context of improving food security and the export potential of the region and the country have been identified.

Keywords: region, agro-industrial complex, agriculture, macroeconomic development, state support, target program, forecasting, strategic variability, strategic priorities, Kabardino-Balkaria

Acknowledgements: the study was carried out with the financial support of the RFFI, project No. 20-010-00445 A

 

Information about the authors:

Zh.S. Zhangorazova PhD (Economics), Professor (econ_dekanat@rambler.ru)

D.M. Bagova PhD (Economics), Professor

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 01.11.2022, approved after reviewing on 10.11.2022, accepted for publication on 14.11.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-12-47-52

p. 47-52

Original article

Developing a set of recommendations for improving environmental safety of the agroecosystem

Laura Z. Khalishkhova1, Rustam Kh. Taov2, Taymuraz B. Kaitmazov3, Anzhela Kh. Temrokova4

1,2,4Kabardino-Balkarian State Agrarian University, Nalchik, Russia

3Gorsky State Agrarian University, Vladikavkaz, Russia

Abstract. Within the framework of the study, a set of recommendations was developed to reduce the anthropogenic load based on determining the negative impact of the production activities of the agroecosystem (trellis-dwarf intensive garden) in the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic on the state of the environment, the comfort of living and the health of the population. When determining the main measures to optimize the functioning of the agroecosystem, the parameters of the ecological state of the areas of the agroecosystem under study were evaluated, the functional use of the territory at the location of the agroecosystem was analyzed, the level of atmospheric pollution was calculated and analyzed, as well as the level of acoustic (noise) effects on atmospheric air as a result of the production activities of the agroecosystem.

Keywords: agroecosystem, technogenic load, ecological and economic security, sustainability, agroecological approach

Acknowledgements: the study was carried out with the financial support of the RFFI, project No. 20-010-00935A.

 

Information about the authors:

L.Z. Khalishkhova PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (l_a_u_r_a@inbox.ru)

R.Kh. Taov Engineer of the Department

T.B. Kaitmazov PhD (Economics), Associate Professor

A.Kh. Temrokova PhD (Economics), Associate Professor

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 21.09.2022, approved after reviewing on 10.10.2022, accepted for publication on 12.10.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-12-53-57

p. 53-57

Original article

The impact of digitalization on the formation of business processes in agriculture and fisheries

Kirill V. Kolonchin1, Lyudmila E. Namyatova2, Pavel V. Cherdantsev3, Vladimir A. Semin4

1Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution All-Russian Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography, Moscow, Russia

2Ural Federal University the First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg, Russia

3,4Limited Liability Company Ural Research Institute for Economic Security and Rural Development, Yekaterinburg, Russia

Abstract. In recent years, agro-industrial and fisheries complexes (including fishing, fish farming and fish processing) have been actively developing towards digitalization of business processes and the introduction of operations using digital technologies. This can change the structure of work in general and increase the demand for specialists with the necessary digital competencies to implement certain production processes. The article presents the scientific characteristics of digital technologies, identifies a number of the most effective of them that contribute to improving the safety of business models operating in the fisheries complex. It is established that digital technologies reveal new opportunities for organizing the economic process both in fishing, fish farming, and agriculture.

Keywords: agro-industrial complex, agriculture, fisheries complex, digitalization, digital technologies, aquaculture, business processes

 

Information about the authors:

K.V. Kolonchin PhD (Economics), Associate Professor, Director (kolonchin@vniro.ru)

L.E. Namyatova PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (stule.lyudmila@gmail.com)

P.V. Cherdantsev Senior Researcher (cherdantsev.vadim@yandex.ru)

V.A. Semin Senior Researcher (v_semin@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 07.11.2022, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 11.11.2022, accepted for publication on 15.11.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-12-58-64

p. 58-64

Original article

Ways to increase the role of additional agricultural education in the conditions of digitalization and innovative development of the agro-industrial complex

Tagir G. Samarkhanov1, Galina M. Demishkevich2

1Russian Academy of Staffing for the Agro-Industrial Complex, Moscow, Russia

2Federal Scientific Center for Agrarian Economics and Social Development of Rural Territories VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article provides recommendations for improving the competencies of the teaching staff (TS) of agricultural educational institutions and institutions of additional professional education in the conditions of digitalization and innovative development of the agro-industrial complex. On the basis of joint work with agricultural consultants in various natural and climatic zones of the Russian Federation, the authors show wide opportunities for the participation of teaching staff in the development of innovative projects based on digital highly efficient resource-saving technologies. The practice of implementing the work of teachers as expert consultants using digital platforms at demonstration sites organized on the basis of existing agricultural enterprises and farms is summarized.

Keywords: agro-industrial complex, education, consulting, innovation, resource-saving technologies, demonstration site

Highlights:

- based on the analysis of the state of transfer of innovations in the agricultural sector, the reasons for the low innovative activity of teachers of agricultural educational institutions were identified;

- effective mechanisms for introducing innovations in agriculture with the participation of the teaching staff of agricultural educational institutions and agricultural consultants are proposed.

 

Information about the authors:

T.G. Samarkhanov Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor, Deputy Head of Federal Center for Agricultural Consulting of Russian Academy of Staffing for the Agro-Industrial Complex (turmaevo@mail.ru)

G.M. Demishkevich Doctor of Economics, Professor, Chief Researcher (galina-demis@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 26.09.2022, approved after reviewing on 24.10.2022, accepted for publication on 26.10.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-12-65-72

p. 65-72

Original article

Integrated rating assessment of the regions of the Russian Federation on the level of development of small businesses in the agricultural sector

Yulia V. Chernova1, Irina S. Kurmaeva2, Tatiana A. Baymisheva3

1,2,3Samara State Agrarian University, Samara, Russia

Abstract. The article contains the results of the rating assessment of the regions of Russia on the level of development of small business in agriculture. An algorithm for conducting an integrated rating assessment of the regions of the Russian Federation is proposed, which made it possible to identify four groups of territorial entities with a high, medium, low and very weak level of development of small forms of management in the agricultural sector of the economy.

Keywords: regional economy, agriculture, rating assessment, small forms of economic management

 

Information about the authors:

Yu.V. Chernova PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (yola.uvc@mail.ru)

I.S. Kurmaeva PhD (Economics), Associate Professor

T.A. Baymisheva PhD (Economics), Associate Professor

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 02.09.2022, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 20.09.2022, accepted for publication on 26.09.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-12-73-77

p. 73-77

Original article

Economic model of the efficiency of peasant (farmer) farms in the spatial development of Russia

Svetlana S. Sushentsova1, Irina Yu. Agnaeva2, Marina Yu. Kazora3

1,2,3VNIOPTUSKH is a branch of the Federal Scientific Center for Agrarian Economics and Social Development of Rural Territories, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article presents an analysis of the participation of peasant (farmer) farms in the rural economy, and hence in the spatial development of Russia. The article identifies and groups the main problems reflected in the Spatial Development Strategy of Russia that hinder the positive dynamics of the development of the social sphere, depending on the impact of the efficiency of the farming sector on their solution. Using the methods of economic and statistical evaluation of the dynamics series over 30 years and extrapolation of the trends obtained for individual production indicators, the authors proved that the participation of farm owners in the production of agricultural products will increase in the near future, which will ensure employment and income growth in rural areas. At the same time, the efficiency of farming is not yet adequate to its potential. Based on the analysis, the authors have developed proposals to improve the basic characteristics of the economic model of effective farming: number, concentration, specialization, resource provision, participation in the process of cooperation, profitability. Particular attention is paid to the review of the directions of diversification of farming activities due to its non-agricultural types, the participation of farm owners in solving social problems of rural areas and the development of rural infrastructure.

Keywords: Russia, spatial development, peasant (farmer) farms, economic model, efficiency, production, agriculture, rural social sphere, infrastructure, diversification, forecast

 

Information about the authors:

S.S. Sushentsova PhD (Economics), Associate Professor, Head of Department (sushentsova_ss@mail.ru)

I.Yu. Agnaeva PhD (Economics), Leading Researcher (still78@mail.ru)

M.Yu. Kazora Researcher (marina@kazora.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 22.09.2022, approved after reviewing on 24.10.2022, accepted for publication on 26.10.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-12-78-84

p. 78-84

Original article

Models of functioning of agricultural cooperatives in modern conditions

Svetlana G. Golovina1, Aleksey V. Ruchkin2

1,2Ural State Agrarian University, Yekaterinburg, Russia

Abstract. The development of various forms of cooperation is of high importance for the success of agricultural production and the fulfillment of social and environmental functions in rural areas. The purpose of the research, the results of which are presented in this article, is to scientifically substantiate potential organizational models of agricultural cooperatives, the introduction of which into Russian practice opens up new opportunities for improving the efficiency of the functioning of cooperative organizations, strengthening their competitiveness, strengthening social orientation. An interdisciplinary approach was used. The main results of the study are, firstly, the specification of the key factors for the successful development of cooperatives in the face of modern challenges, threats and risks (competitiveness, adaptability, integration into rural communities), and secondly, the verification of the hypothesis put forward about the feasibility of introducing into rural reality as the simplest forms of cooperation and cooperation (in fact quasi-cooperatives), as well as complex business-oriented and socially oriented modern cooperatives that approach investor-oriented firms in their structure, but still remaining in the ownership of agricultural producers.

Keywords: agricultural cooperatives, operating environment, challenges, threats, business models, multifunctionality

Acknowledgements: the study was carried out with the financial support of the RNF and the Government of the Sverdlovsk Region within the framework of scientific project No. 22-28-20048.

 

Information about the authors:

S.G. Golovina PhD (Economics), Professor, Chief Researcher (kkrav84@mail.ru)

A.V. Ruchkin PhD (Sociology), Associate Professor, Head of the Department

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 14.11.2022, approved after reviewing on 17.11.2022, accepted for publication on 18.11.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-12-85-90

p. 85-90

Original article

New forms of cooperatives in the agricultural sector of the economy as the basis of its spatial development

Olga A. Moiseeva

Federal Scientific Center for Agrarian Economics and Social Development of Rural Territories VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The spatial development of the industry takes place in various climatic, industrial and economic conditions. Despite the growth in production volumes, which has been observed in the dynamics of the last three decades, small business entities with formally equal relationships with counterparties regarding the purchase of means of production, processing or sale of products, do not have the opportunity to influence prices, being in an unequal position compared to other market participants and accepting the specified conditions. The laws on cooperation and programs in force in the country have not led to an increase in the coverage of cooperatives by most producers, unlike in many countries with a developed cooperative system, where most of them are members of at least one cooperative. With this approach, the farmer remains a legally independent subject of the market, has the opportunity to concentrate mainly on the production process, while the cooperative solves the issues of providing him with resources, logistics, marketing, etc. The spatial development of agriculture is associated with the improvement of the regulatory framework in the field of cooperation, the creation of new forms of cooperatives, the introduction of the most favored nation regime for them, and an increase in government support.

Keywords: small forms of management, cooperation, agriculture, agricultural consumer cooperatives, state support, new forms of cooperatives

 

Information about the author:

O.A. Moiseeva - Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Leading Researcher, ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2080-6370, (moiseevaolga2015@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 28.09.2022, approved after reviewing on 07.10.2022, accepted for publication on 12.10.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-12-91-94

p. 91-94

Original article

Management of human capital of agricultural organizations of the Sverdlovsk region

Valentina M. Sharapova1, Natalia V. Sharapova2, Yuri V. Sharapov3

1,2,3Ural State University of Economics, Yekaterinburg, Russia

Abstract. The article considers the features of the formation of human capital of agricultural organizations. Developed human capital contributes to improving the financial condition of organizations and, as a result, improving the well-being and quality of life of the rural population itself. In this regard, it is necessary to take measures on the part of the state to form the attractiveness of rural areas. It is necessary to involve state authorities in the processes of human resource management along with providing agricultural organizations with domestic machinery and equipment, the introduction of technological innovations. The consolidation of qualified specialists in rural areas should be ensured, in particular, through additional measures to increase the level of wages, as well as to promote the employment of graduates of agricultural educational institutions. The costs of agricultural producers associated with attracting qualified specialists and improving the skills of workers can be covered at the expense of state support.

Keywords: human capital; agricultural organizations, wages, agricultural classes, vacancies, Sverdlovsk region

 

Information about the authors:

V.M. Sharapova PhD (Economics), Professor (agroprom3@sky.ru)

N.V. Sharapova PhD (Economics), Associate Professor, Head of Chair (Sharapov.66@mail.ru)

Yu.V. Sharapov PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (iura.sharapov@list.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 17.10.2022, approved after reviewing on 09.11.2022, accepted for publication on 14.11.2022