Economy of Agricultural and Processing Enterprises, 2022, No 4

Contents

AGRARIAN ECONOMIC POLICY

Paptsov A.G., Bondarenko L.V. Food security in Russia: the development of grocery retail in the city and in the countryside (p. 2-12)

AIC ENTERPRISES IN MARKET ECONOMY

Kumratova A.M., Aleshchenko V.V., Zhuravleva N.N. Research of grain production productivity indicators and agroclimatic bonus for risk management tasks (p. 13-17)

Kovalenko N.A., Bautina O.V. Diversification of the enterprise as an instrument of influence on pricing in dairy cattle breeding (p. 18-21)

REGIONAL ASPECT

Chepeleva K.V., Shelkovnikov S.A. Opportunities and prospects of the Siberian Federal District in international agricultural and food products trade (p. 22-30)

Stadnik A.T., Shelkovnikov S.A., Lubkova E.M., Ermolaeva G.S. The mechanism of development of food production in an industrial region (on the example of the Kemerovo region Kuzbass) (p. 31-37)

INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT

Khudov A.M., Sinelnikov I.Yu. Digitalization of the agro-industrial complex from the perspective of a process approach to management (p. 38-43)

FOOD, RESOURCES AND TECHNICS MARKET

Konkina V.S. Dairy market in the context of the formation of agri-food policy (p. 44-51)

ABROAD

Golovina S.G., Abilova E.V., Mikolaychik I.N. Participation of farmers and local communities in the implementation of rural support policies in the countries of the European Union (p. 52-60)

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-4-2-12

p. 2-12

Food security in Russia: the development of grocery retail in the city and in the countryside

Andrey G. Paptsov, PhD (Economics), Professor, Academician of RAS, Director

Lyudmila V. Bondarenko2, PhD (Economics), Professor, Corresponding Member of RAS, Head of Department

1,2Federal Scientific Center of Agrarian Economy and Social Development of Rural Areas All-Russian Research Institute of Agricultural Economics (VNIIESH), Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article presents the authors methodology for analyzing and evaluating rural-urban differences in the implementation of the Food Security Doctrine of the Russian Federation in terms of ensuring in all localities of the country the possibility for residents to purchase food products or catering in volumes and assortment that meet the recommended rational consumption standards. The dynamics of the contribution of consumer cooperation to the formation of grocery retail in rural areas, restrictions in the implementation of solvent demand of the rural population associated with the state of road transport infrastructure are considered. The proposals aimed at reducing the inequality of rural and urban populations in the physical availability of food are given.

Keywords: physical accessibility of food, retail and catering facilities, retail space, seating, markets, fairs, regulatory regulation, consumer cooperation, transport communications

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-4-13-17

p. 13-17

Research of grain production productivity indicators and agro-climatic bonus for risk management tasks

Alfira M. Kumratova1, PhD (Economics), Senior Scientific Worker

Vitaliy V. Aleshchenko2, PhD (Economics), Leading Scientific Worker

Natalia N. Zhuravleva3, PhD (Agriculture), Associate Professor

1,2Institute of Economics and Industrial Production Organization SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia

3Tyumen State University, Tyumen, Russia

Abstract. This article examines the dynamics of indicators of grain production productivity and climatic bonus in the context of three zones of the Tyumen region: taiga, southern and northern forest-steppe. The results of the analysis of the gross harvest of the main grain crops in the Tyumen region are presented, which characterize a volatile process characterized by sharp interannual differences. Indicators of agro-climatic bonus range within a year with a range of up to 44%. The unstable nature of the dynamics of weather conditions affecting the productivity of grain production is observed in a time series of agro-climatic bonuses related to the Tobolsk region (taiga), which has low grain yields. In the conditions of climate change, the percentage of values of agro-climatic bonus on the time horizon from one year to 35 years varies within 5.41...51,08%. The study of the dynamics of agro-climatic bonus during the period of active vegetation of grain crops (June-July) for the considered grain-producing territories of the Tyumen region is an urgent issue. The paper demonstrates the capabilities of the authors tool, which allow an expert analyst to implement research and analysis in the form of structured information with the receipt of pre-forecast information and the construction of predictive models of the studied complex processes: the dynamics of indicators of agro-climatic bonus and productivity of grain production in the Tyumen region. The authors put forward a concept based on the comparison of the obtained cycles of the studied time series: the yield of grain crops in the Tyumen region and natural and climatic factors affecting them. The identified cycles of agro-climatic bonus and dynamic range of indicators of grain production productivity based on nonlinear dynamics methods can be used in both continuous and discrete analysis and forecasting.

Keywords: productivity of grain production, indicators, climate bonus, yield, grain crops, gross harvest, methods of nonlinear dynamics, predictive analysis, climatic change

Acknowledgments. The article was prepared according to the plan of Research and Development of the IEPP SB RAS, project No. 121040100279-5.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-4-18-21

p. 18-21

Diversification of the enterprise as an instrument of influence on pricing in dairy cattle breeding

Nikolai A. Kovalenko1, Director

Olga V. Bautina2, PhD (Agriculture), Senior Scientific Worker

1gro-industrial enterprise named after Kalinin, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia

2All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Animal Husbandry named after Academician L.K. Ernst, Dubrovitsy, Moscow region, Russia

Abstract. The existing system of price relations between partners in the agro-industrial complex in the domestic milk market has a number of negative trends. The high cost of production and the inability to influence the selling price of raw milk have led to low profitability of agricultural producers. The diversification transformation in the form of the organization of a vertically integrated production system, including the processing of raw milk, will allow the dairy enterprise to reduce costs, manage pricing and receive additional profit, which contributes to the further development and capacity building of the enterprise.

Keywords: dairy cattle breeding, pricing, cost, diversification, processing of raw materials

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-4-22-30

p. 22-30

Opportunities and prospects of the Siberian Federal District in international agricultural and food products trade

Kristina V. Chepeleva1, PhD (Economics), Associate Professor

Sergey A. Shelkovnikov2, PhD (Economics), Professor

1Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia

2Novosibirsk State Agrarian University, Novosibirsk, Russia

Abstract. The article presents the results of a study of the current state and possible prospects for the development of exports of agricultural and food products from the Siberian Federal District (SFD). With the help of a portfolio analysis of exports, enlarged commodity groups of agricultural products with a stable market position have been identified, which in the strategic perspective can provide the Siberian macro-region with stable profitability and sources of financing for new projects. Through the ABC analysis of the assortment, the commodity groups of agroexport of the Siberian Federal District have been identified, which already bring the main income from export activities and the further implementation of which will position the macro-region in the global market space. The implementation of strategic directions for the development of foreign trade and the formation of a balanced export portfolio of agricultural products of the Siberian macroregion, taking into account the terroir of the territory and the specialization of the regions, will create a new pole of growth of non-primary non-energy exports for the economy of the Russian Federation.

Keywords: export, agricultural products, commodity groups, Siberia, macroregion, development strategy, competitiveness, sale markets

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-4-31-37

p. 31-37

The mechanism of development of food production in an industrial region (on the example of the Kemerovo region Kuzbass)

Anatoly T. Stadnik1, PhD (Economics), Professor

Sergey A. Shelkovnikov2, PhD (Economics), Professor

Elmira M. Lubkova3, PhD (Economics), Associate Professor

Galina S. Ermolaeva4, Senior Lecturer

1,2Novosibirsk State Agrarian University, Novosibirsk, Russia

3,4Kuzbass State Technical University named after T.F. Gorbachev, Kemerovo, Russia

Abstract. In modern conditions, the improvement of the mechanism of development of food and processing industries at the regional level is being actualized due to the influence of external and internal factors, which it is often not possible to exclude. One of the most effective directions is to minimize the negative impact of factors based on effective tools and approaches. The totality of efforts of all agribusiness entities in the region aimed at improving the quality and accessibility of food for the population becomes a fundamental goal, for which there are human, technological, scientific and investment resources in industrial regions. The article is devoted to the development of directions for improving the mechanism of development of food and processing industries on an innovative basis in the industrial region.

Keywords: industrial region, agro-industrial complex development, food production, development mechanism, Kemerovo region

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-4-38-43

p. 38-43

Digitalization of the agro-industrial complex from the perspective of a process approach to management

Alexander M. Khudov1, Head of the Organizational and Legal Department

Igor Yu. Sinelnikov2, Leading Scientific Worker

1,2Academy of Social Management, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article is devoted to the problem of searching for theoretical and managerial approaches to forecasting and designing the process of digital transformation of agriculture. The main directions of digitalization of the agricultural sector are considered by the authors from the point of view of a process approach to management that ensures integrity and consistency in understanding the ongoing and planned changes.

Keywords: process approach, digitalization, digital agriculture, digital transformation

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-4-44-51

p. 44-51

Dairy market in the context of the formation of agri-food policy

Vera S. Konkina, PhD (Economics), Associate Professor

Ryazan State Agrotechnological University named after P.A. Kostychev, Ryazan, Russia

Abstract. The article examines the situation on the Russian dairy market in the context of the existing agri-food policy. The author presents a retrospective of changes in the elements of the balance of milk and dairy products resources before the sanctions period and after the introduction of the food embargo. The purpose of the study is to consider current trends in order to find ways to harmonize agri-food policy. An analysis was made on the main types of food imports and exports for group 04 of the HS Dairy products. The information base for assessing the current situation was the official statistics of Rosstat and the Federal Customs Service. The assessment of foreign trade operations covers a wide geography of supplies: from near to far abroad, as well as information about domestic production for each nomenclature item of group 04 Dairy products. The changes in the volume of export-import supplies, in the composition of the supplier countries are shown, and the scenario of the development of the situation for the future is also predicted. The author states that import substitution occurred only partially, largely as a forced measure in response to the trade war unleashed by the EU and the United States. At the same time, import substitution should be carried out by increasing its own production, flexible pricing policy, competitiveness in production costs with high quality of domestic dairy products. The analysis given in the article can be used as an empirical basis for the development of agri-food policy.

Keywords: agri-food policy, milk and dairy products, import, export, import substitution, embargo

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-4-52-60

p. 52-60

Participation of farmers and local communities in the implementation of rural support policies in the countries of the European Union

Svetlana G. Golovina1, 2, PhD (Economics), Professor, Chief Scientific Worker

Ekaterina V. Abilova3, PhD (Economics), Associate Professor

Ivan N. Mikolaychik4, PhD (Agriculture), Professor

1Ural State Agrarian University Research Institute of Agrarian and Environmental Problems and Agricultural Management, Yekaterinburg, Russia

2Russian State Agrarian Correspondence University Institute for Analysis and Forecasting of Rural Development of the Scientific Center for the Study of Rural Problems, Balashikha, Moscow region, Russia

3Chelyabinsk State University, Chelyabinsk, Russia

4Kurgan State Agricultural Academy, Kurgan, Russia

Abstract. The purpose of this article is to present for scientific discussion some of the results of the study, which make it possible to formulate a number of practical recommendations regarding the implementation of the European experience of supporting rural areas in domestic political practice. While such opportunities relate to many aspects of the implementation of the Common Agricultural Policy of the European Union (CAP), the article deals with the potential of agricultural producers (farmers), local communities, rural networks in solving rural development problems with the active support of special funds of the European Union, primarily the European Fund for Rural Development. The research findings were obtained through a discursive method of analysis with using (1) legislative documents underlying the policy, (2) statistical information and reporting data related to the results of the CAP realization at various program stages, (3) scientific publications presenting expert assessments by European colleagues.

Keywords: European Union, Common Agricultural Policy, rural territories, farmers, local communities, rural networks

Acknowledgments. The study was carried out with the financial support of the RFBR under the scientific project No. 19-29-07315.