Economy of Agricultural and Processing Enterprises, 2022, No 5

Contents

AGRARIAN ECONOMIC POLICY

Khlystun V.N., Alakoz V.V. On land management support for the involvement of unused agricultural land in circulation (p. 2-8)

Semin A.N., Loginov A.L., Maltsev N.V. Improving the evaluation of the efficiency of the use of budget support for the agroindustrial complex (p. 9-13)9

AIC ENTERPRISES IN MARKET ECONOMY

Sharkov I.N., Kolbin S.A., Zakharov G.M. Agrotechnologies and possibilities of grain production intensification in Siberia (p. 14-18)

REGIONAL ASPECT

Mazloev V.Z., Plaeva A.A. The pandemic, sanctions and the regional labor market (on the example of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania) (p. 19-22)

Shalaev L.V. Animal husbandry of the Perm Region: trends, problems, prospects (p. 23-28)

LAND MANAGEMENT

Bondarenko Yu.P. Prospects for the expansion of acreage in the regions of Russia due to the introduction of unused arable land into circulation (p. 29-38)

LABOR MARKET AND SOCIAL SPHERE IN RURAL LOCALITY

Efimova L.A. Rural incomes are an indicator of the development of human capital in the sphere of labor in the agricultural sector of the economy (p. 39-45)

Ozeryanik M.E., Navdaeva S.N. Assessment of the unemployment rate and its impact on the economy of the region (on the example of the Nizhniy Novgorod region) (p. 46-54)

RESEARCHE BY YOUNG SCIENTISTS

Ibragimova R.M. The increasing the financial stability of agricultural organizations of the Republic of Tatarstan is an important problem of today (p. 55-59)

 

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-5-2-8

p. 2-8

On land management support for the involvement of unused agricultural land in circulation

Viktor N. Khlystun1, PhD (Economics), Professor, Academician of RAS

Valeriy V. Alakoz2, Senior Scientific Worker

1State University of Land Use Planning, Moscow, Russia

2 Federal Scientific Center of Agrarian Economy and Social Development of Rural Areas VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The purpose of the study is to analyze the content of the program for involving unused agricultural land in circulation and to determine a set of measures for land management support of its implementation. The research materials are the State program of effective involvement in the turnover of agricultural lands and the development of the reclamation complex of the Russian Federation, data from statistical observations and reporting, the results of surveys and monitoring of the state of agricultural lands in certain subjects of the Russian Federation. The methods of information analysis and synthesis, expert assessment, risk systematization, scientific forecasting and modeling of situations were used. In the course of the study, the need for some adjustment of the content of the program was established and measures were proposed to improve the effectiveness of its implementation on the basis of schemes and land management projects. The results of the analysis of the content of the program and proposals for the organization of land management support for its implementation should be used in the subsequent adjustment of the list and content of planned activities and the development of regional programs and municipal schemes and projects for the introduction of unused land into economic circulation.

Keywords: agricultural lands, land policy, land management, potential, involvement in turnover, efficiency, land use, property, lease

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-5-9-13

p. 9-13

Improving the evaluation of the efficiency of the use of budget support for the agro-industrial complex

Alexander N. Semin1, PhD (Economics), Professor, Academician of RAS, Honoured Scientific Worker of RF

Alexander L. Loginov2, Senior Lecturer

Nikolai V. Maltsev3, PhD (Economics), Head of Chair

1,2,3Ural State Mining University, Yekaterinburg, Russia

Abstract. The article is devoted to improving approaches to assessing the effectiveness of budget support for agricultural producers in the case of applying a mechanism for distributing subsidies based on the use of a cost approach depending on the achievement of security for a particular type of food.

Keywords: government support, subsidies, efficiency assessment, agricultural business value

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-5-14-18

p. 14-18

Agrotechnologies and possibilities of grain production intensification in Siberia

Ivan N. Sharkov1, PhD (Biology), Director of Institute

Sergey A. Kolbin2, PhD (Agriculture), Senior Scientific Worker

Gennadiy M. Zakharov3, PhD (Agriculture), Leading Scientific Worker

1,2,3Siberian Research Institute of Agriculture and Chemicalization of Agriculture SNC RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia

Abstract. Based on the actual increases in the yield of spring wheat from the use of fertilizers and fungicides obtained in many years of field experience, the current possibilities of intensifying grain production in the forest-steppe of Siberia are analyzed. The main condition for intensification is the receipt of additional income by farms. It is shown that the average annual increase in wheat yield from the use of fertilizers and fungicides recoup the costs of their application already at a grain price of 9000 rubles/t. However, due to a decrease in yield in unfavorable weather conditions, the use of these chemicals was unprofitable for at least 40% of the years. An increase in the price of grain to 15000 rubles/t reduced the share of unprofitable years to 10%. It is concluded that the use of chemicals, providing an increase in crop yields, does not guarantee farms to receive an annual profit. This is one of the main factors hindering the widespread replication of intensive grain production technologies in Siberia.

Keywords: intensification, agrotechnologies, spring wheat, grain yield increases, fertilizers, pesticides, income from chemicals, Siberia

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-5-19-22

p. 19-22

The pandemic, sanctions and the regional labor market (on the example of the Republic of North Ossetia - Alania)

Vitaliy Z. Mazloev1, Honoured Scientific Worker of RF, PhD (Economics), Professor, Chief Scientific Worker

 

Albina A. Plaeva2, PhD (Economics), Associate Professor

1VNIOPTUSkH, branch of Federal Scientific Center of Agrarian Economy and Social Development of Rural Areas VNIIESkH, Moscow, Russia

2RSO-Alania Employment Committee, Vladikavkaz, Russia

Abstract. The article considers various aspects affecting the regional labor market, arising from the coronavirus pandemic, and then aggravated by the imposition of international sanctions against the Russian Federation. It is shown what are the features of a labor-surplus region and its agro-industrial complex. The economic levers and methods allowing to smooth out the negative impact of sanctions measures on the economy of the region, including the agricultural sector, are considered.

Keywords: labor market, unemployment, sanctions, state regulation, economic levers, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania

 

 

p. 23-28

Animal husbandry of the Perm Region: trends, problems, prospects

Lyudmila V. Shalaev, PhD (Economics), Associate Professor, Head of Chair

Perm State Agrarian and Technological University named after Academy Member D.N. Pryanishnikov, Perm, Russia

Abstract. Animal husbandry as the most important direction of agricultural production makes a significant contribution to solving the problems of ensuring food security in Russia as a whole and its individual regions. The assessment of the dynamics of factors of livestock production (productivity, livestock, feed consumption, intensification) allowed us to identify their impact on the results of activities in the sub-sector and, as a consequence, on the regional food balance and the level of self-sufficiency of the region. With a sufficient level of animal feeding, the increase in productivity in the field of dairy cattle breeding and egg poultry farming had a positive impact on the volume of livestock production. Negative trends in the field of beef cattle and pig breeding predetermine a decrease in the level of self-sufficiency of the region with meat products. The indicated risk is reinforced by the problems of intensification of animal husbandry in the Perm Region. The results obtained made it possible to identify problems that can be solved by improving the efficiency of activities in animal husbandry, including through the activation of the renewal of fixed assets of enterprises in the industry.

Keywords: agriculture, animal husbandry, productivity, livestock, intensification, food resources, food security, Perm Krai

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-5-29-38

p. 29-38

Prospects for the expansion of acreage in the regions of Russia due to the introduction of unused arable land into circulation

Yuriy P. Bondarenko, PhD (Economics), Senior Scientific Worker

Institute of Agrarian Issues of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Saratov, Russia

Abstract. The problem of ensuring the countrys food security, which has recently become particularly acute, involves accelerating the search for reserves for the growth of agricultural production, one of such reserves is unused agricultural land. Therefore, in view of the strengthening of international sanctions against Russia and the adoption of a state program for the effective involvement of agricultural land in the turnover, the authors approach to ranking regions according to the degree of prospects for large-scale expansion of acreage due to the introduction of unused arable land into circulation is proposed. Based on the results of calculations of resource and financial indicators of agricultural development in regions with large areas of unused arable land, an assessment of the potential of the regions was made on the possible level of efficiency of the use of arable land put into circulation, so that additional measures of financial and organizational support for these regions had the maximum level of return in the form of high growth rates of gross agricultural output. The article emphasizes that agriculture in only 22 regions has sufficient conditions and opportunities for effective development after large-scale involvement in the turnover of unused arable land, but subject to mandatory state support, without which it is impossible to bring individual economic and production indicators of the agricultural sector of individual regions to an acceptable level.

Keywords: expansion of acreage, resource and financial indicators, regions of Russia, ranking, priorities of support, involvement in the turnover of unused arable land, growth of agricultural production, food security of the country

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-5-39-45

p. 39-45

Rural incomes are an indicator of the development of human capital in the sphere of labor in the agricultural sector of the economy

Larisa A. Efimova, PhD (Economics), Associate Professor

Russian State Agrarian University - Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The economic growth of the agricultural sector of the economy, the provision of a comfortable working environment are the dominant factors in the development of human capital. The main indicator of the development of human capital in the sphere of labor of the agricultural sector of the economy is the increase in incomes of the rural population. Currently, the growth of incomes and the standard of living of the rural population in Russia do not correspond to the declared goals. Despite the wide range of studies on the essence of income, the conditions for their formation and regulation, the importance of scientific developments is increasing from the point of view of the methodology for classifying rural incomes as an indicator of human capital development in the field of labor in the agricultural sector of the economy. In modern conditions, the agricultural sector of the economy is forced to make effective management decisions aimed at the development of human capital in the field of labor. The combination of the considered measures will make it possible to substantiate the dependence of the income level of the rural population for the development of human capital in the sphere of labor of the agricultural sector of the economy. The human development approach reminds us that economic growth is a means, not an end goal. The ultimate goal is the development of human capital, the transition to a human-oriented model of economic development.

Keywords: income, human capital, rural population, sphere of work, agricultural sector of the economy

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-5-46-54

p. 46-54

Assessment of the unemployment rate and its impact on the economy of the region (on the example of the Nizhniy Novgorod region)

Maria E. Ozeryanik1, PhD (Economics), Associate Professor

Svetlana N. Navdaeva2, PhD (Economics), Associate Professor

1,2Nizhniy Novgorod State Agricultural Academy, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Abstract. The problem of reducing the unemployment rate and increasing the availability of qualified personnel in the sectors of the economy is very relevant at the present stage, the level of economic development of the region largely depends on the number of unemployed and employed citizens, on the state of the labor market. The article examines the dynamics of the number of unemployed in the Russian Federation and in the Nizhniy Novgorod region. The assessment of the structure of the unemployed population by age, level of education is carried out, the average time of job search by the unemployed, the professional composition of employed citizens is analyzed. The degree of influence of the number of unemployed on the value of the gross domestic product of the region per capita is revealed. The forecast of the number of unemployed in the Nizhniy Novgorod region and the Russian Federation for 2022-2024 is given.

Keywords: labor market, unemployment rate, gross regional product per capita, forecast, Russia, Nizhniy Novgorod region

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-5-55-59

p. 55-59

The increasing the financial stability of agricultural organizations of the Republic of Tatarstan is an important problem of today

Raila M. Ibragimova, Postgraduate Student

Kazan State Agrarian University, Kazan, Russia

Abstract. The financial condition of agricultural organizations of the Republic of Tatarstan as a whole has been closer to the crisis for a long time. Therefore, the current situation requires constant analysis and adoption of adaptive measures. This article is devoted to this problem. This paper establishes a functional relationship between the current liquidity ratio and six other coefficients that independently characterize the financial condition of organizations. It is proved that the current liquidity ratio as a complex and integral indicator can be used for the operational assessment of the financial well-being of the organization. It was revealed that all agricultural organizations, regardless of their specialization, the degree of processing of their own products and other conditions, financial well-being is associated with the level of economic efficiency of the invested capital. In this aspect, a closer relationship is established in large, diversified, geographically large agricultural organizations.

Keywords: agricultural organization, financial stability, return on assets, current liquidity ratio, correlation analysis, Republic of Tatarstan