Economy of Agricultural and Processing Enterprises, 2022, No 8

Contents

AGRARIAN ECONOMIC POLICY

Golubev A.V. Agrifood import substitution through the prism of agricultural sustainability (p. 2-8)

AIC ENTERPRISES IN MARKET ECONOMY

Seregin S.N., Lukin N.D. Sugar products market: opportunities and limits of growth (p. 9-17)

Chinarov V.I. Formation of domestic breeding products market at Russian cattle breeding (18-24)

REGIONAL ASPECT

Borodin K.G., Frolova E.U. Methodological approaches to the study of local and regional markets of rural economy (p. 25-31)

Krasilnikova L.E., Fedoseeva S.S., Balandin D.A. The current state of foreign trade as a factor in the spatial development of rural areas in the region (p. 32-38)

Gyatov A.V., Soskieva Z.V., Bagova O.I., Shardanov A.A., Tarchokov B.Yu. Horticulture of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic as a driver of economic development of the regional agroindustrial complex (p. 39-44)

LABOR MARKET AND SOCIAL SPHERE IN RURAL LOCALITY

Semin A.N. Adaptation of young specialists in business subjects placed in rural territories (p. 45-49)

FOOD, RESOURCES AND TECHNICS MARKET

Makarov D.I. The main features and techniques of selling meat products on marketplaces (using the example of Ozon and Wildberries) (p. 50-54)

RESEARCHE BY YOUNG SCIENTISTS

Vinogradova N.A. Analysis of the state and potential of technological development of small agribusiness in the Volgograd region (p. 55-62)

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-8-2-8

p. 2-8

Original article

Agri-food import substitution through the prism of agricultural sustainability

Alexey V. Golubev

Russian State Agrarian University MSKhA named after K.A. Timiryazev, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The difficult geopolitical situation has exacerbated the problem of agri-food import substitution, in which Russia has made obvious progress in recent years. However, the increasing volumes of agricultural production do not guarantee the further dynamics of the development of the industry. On the contrary, a number of fundamental growth factors in some cases do not provide even simple reproduction. Thus, the natural fertility of the soil has been steadily declining over the past decades, the material and technical base of agriculture is not updated in sufficient volume, the wages of farmers are significantly lower than the average level in the economy, many enterprises of the industry are credited, the disparity of prices for agricultural and industrial products is increasing. These contradictions between the growth of output and the reproductive abilities of the agricultural sector of the economy cannot last forever. Therefore, a transition to sustainable agricultural development is necessary, assuming that the current needs of society are met without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. To do this, Russia has key capabilities that allow the priority conversion of available energy resources into food production on a planetary scale, which, in addition to the source of economic prosperity, strengthens the geopolitical influence of our country.

Keywords: agri-food sector, import substitution, sustainability of agriculture, priority conversion of Russias internal resources into food production

 

Information about the author:

A.V. Golubev PhD (Economics), Professor, Honoured Scientific Worker of RF (sulak54@yandex.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 07.06.2022, approved after reviewing on 27.06.2022, accepted for publication on 30.06.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-8-9-17

p. 9-17

Sugar products market: opportunities and limits of growth

Sergey N. Seregin1, Nikolay D. Lukin2

1Federal Scientific Center for Food Systems named after V.M.Gorbatov, Moscow, Russia

2Research Institute of Starch and Processing of Starch-containing Raw Materials - branch of the Federal Research Center for Potato named after A.G. Lorch, Moscow Region, Russia

Abstract. The market of sugary products occupies a significant share of the Russian food market. The pace of its development is determined by the scale of raw materials, the ability of businesses to attract capital for innovative projects to diversify the economy and expand the range of products, as well as the availability of markets for finished products. Today, the dominant position in the market of sugary substances is occupied by sugar produced from sugar beet and raw sugar, which is obtained during the processing of sugar cane. The growth of the market of sugary starch products is due to a wider range of their technological and consumer properties compared to sugar. Sugary starch products can be produced with specified functional properties that meet the requirements of various consumers, both for industrial purposes and for households. The balance of equilibrium in the market of sugary products will be determined by the availability of the necessary resources, taking into account the product range to meet demand, the price situation of the domestic and foreign markets, the expansion of production of products for healthy nutrition. The boundaries of the sugar products market growth will be determined by the dynamics of domestic demand and the development of exports, attracting investment in this sector of the economy for the introduction of innovations and resource-saving technologies.

Keywords: sugar industry, starch industry, sugar and starch products market, directions of development transformation

 

Information about the authors:

Seregin S.N., PhD (Economics), (s.seregin@fncps.ru)

Lukin N.D., PhD (Engineering)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 31.05.2022, approved after reviewing on 20.06.2022, accepted for publication on 04.07.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-8-18-24

p. 18-24

Formation of domestic breeding products market at Russian cattle breeding

Vladimir I. Chinarov

L.K. Ernst Federal Research Center for Animal Husbandry, Dubrovitsy, Moscow Region, Russia

Abstract. For the first time, the import dependence with the genetic resources at Russian dairy cattle breeding was studied. The volumes and imports structure of breeding material (heifers, bulls, seed) by dairy cattle breeds are shown. The import dependence with breeding stock at breeding farms now amounts to 14.3%, the share of imported heifers at domestic market is 30.5%. The situation at Holstein breed herds breeding is even tenser: the market of heifers is formed by 61.3% due to import, import dependence has reached 44.6% and import consumption is 31.2%. The market of breeding bulls is dominated (95.5%) by domestic bulls, but this figure drops to 68.8% for the Holstein breed. The uncontrolled import of the bulls-producers seed had a particularly adverse effect on the state of Russian dairy cattle breeding. In 2020, the estimated demand with 100% artificial insemination at agricultural organizations on 2/3 was provided with imported seed. Moreover, the seed of Holstein bulls was imported on 2.3 times more than the annual necessity for this breed.

Keywords: breeding base, breeds, dairy cattle breeding, breeding resources, self-sufficiency, expanded reproduction

Acknowledgements: the work was prepared within the framework of the State Task No. 121052600377-6 of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation

 

Information about the author:

Chinarov V.I. PhD (Economics), Head of the Laboratory of Economics and Organization of Animal Husbandry, (vchinarov@yandex.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 08.07.2022, approved after reviewing on 14.07.2022, accepted for publication on 18.07.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-8-25-31

p. 25-31

Methodological approaches to the study of local and regional markets of rural economy

Konstantin G. Borodin1, Elena U. Frolova2

1,2A.A. Nikonov VIAPI, branch of Federal Scientific Center of Agrarian Economy and Social Development of Rural Areas - VNIIESkH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article discusses the conceptual framework, as well as the main methodological approaches to the study of factors affecting the development of local and regional markets on the scale of rural economy. The formulation of the local market is proposed, the factors of development of regional and local food markets are substantiated. In conclusion, the main conclusions of the study are presented.

Keywords: local rural economy, food markets, regional and local markets, factors of development

 

Information about the authors:

K.G. Borodin PhD (Economics), Head of the Department, Leading Researcher (borkg_cd@mail.ru)

E.U. Frolova PhD (Economics), Leading Researcher (efrolova@inbox.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 03.06.2022, approved after reviewing on 29.06.2022, accepted for publication on 04.07.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-8-32-38

p. 32-38

The current state of foreign trade as a factor in the spatial development of rural areas in the region

Ludmila E. Krasilnikova1, Svetlana S. Fedoseeva2, Dmitry A. Balandin3

1Perm State Agro-Technological University named after academician D.N. Pryanishnikov, Perm, Russia

2,3Institute of Economics of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Perm branch, Perm, Russia

Abstract. Based on the creative understanding of modern scientific literature in the field of spatial development, the economy of agro-industrial complex and timber industry, economic security, the article considers the key factors of spatial development of rural areas. It was revealed that the current conditions of economic uncertainty did not have a critical impact on the timber industry and agro-industrial complexes of the country. At the same time, despite certain successes in import substitution and ensuring food security, in some macroregions and constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the problems of spatial development of rural areas have become significantly aggravated, causing structural deformations. The analysis of the foreign trade turnover of agricultural and forest products of the Russian Federation, the Volga Federal District and the Perm Krai for 2016-2021 was carried out. A decrease in the coefficient of international competitiveness of rural areas of the Perm Krai for the study period was established. The conclusion is formulated that an obstacle to the successful spatial development of rural areas at the regional level is the lack of an integrated approach in management practice that takes into account industry diversity, regional specifics and influencing factors. Overcoming the existing problems depends on increasing the organizing and coordinating role of the state in using competitive potentials, regulating production, exports and imports of products from rural areas. The results of the study may be in demand in the processes of improving the management of the spatial development of rural areas of the country and regions.

Keywords: rural areas, spatial development, foreign trade turnover, export, import, management models

Acknowledgements: the study was carried out in accordance with the Research Plan of the Perm State Technical University. The study was carried out in accordance with the Research Plan of the Institute of Economics of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

 

Information about the authors:

L.E. Krasilnikova PhD (Economics), Associate Professor, Professor of Accounting and Finance Department (krasilnikova@pgsha.ru)

S.S. Fedoseeva Junior Researcher (fedoseeva.ss@uiec.ru)

D.A. Balandin PhD (Economics), Senior Researcher (dabalandin@mail.ru

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 22.04.2022, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 05.07.2022, accepted for publication on 12.07.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-8-39-44

p. 39-44

Horticulture of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic as a driver of economic development of the regional agro-industrial complex

Anzor V. Gyatov1, Zarina V. Soskieva2, Oksana I. Bagova3, Anzor A. Shardanov4, Berd Yu. Tarchokov5

1,3,4,5Kabardino-Balkarian State Agricultural University named after V.M. Kokov, Nalchik, Russia

2Gorsky State Agrarian University, Vladikavkaz, Russia

Abstract. The article analyzes the horticulture industry of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic, in particular, the production of apples from the position of a driver of economic growth of the regional agro-food complex. The historical, geographical and natural-climatic prerequisites for the development of the horticulture industry in the region have been studied. An assessment of the current state of the horticulture industry was made, the dynamics of the areas of apple orchards and their productivity was analyzed. The prospects for further improvement of the organizational and economic mechanism of horticulture of the republic on an innovative basis, as a strategic guideline for the development of the agro-food complex, are considered.

Keywords: agri-food market, horticulture, region, agricultural production, driver, mechanism, development, innovation, state regulation, Kabardino-Balkarian Republic

Acknowledgements: the study was carried out with the financial support of the RFFI, project No. 20-010-00853A.

 

Information about the authors:

A.V. Gyatov PhD (Economics), Associate Professor of the Management Department (gyatov.anzor@bk.ru)

Z.V. Soskieva PhD (Economics), Professor of the Economic Theory and Applied Economics Department (turandot2004@mail.ru)

O.I. Bagova PhD (Economics), Associate Professor of the Management Department (bagova@list.ru)

A.A. Shardanov Postgraduate Student of Economics Department (aukn86@mail.ru)

B.Yu. Tarchokov Director of the Technology Projects Support Center (berd-kbr@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 07.06.2022, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 15.07.2022, accepted for publication on 20.07.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-8-45-49

p. 45-49

Adaptation of young specialists in business subjects placed in rural territories

Alexander N. Semin

Federal State Budgetary Institution of Science Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russia

Abstract. The level of uncertainty that characterizes the current economic conditions, associated with the permanent transformation of institutional mechanisms, significantly affects the process of adaptation of young professionals in economic entities located in rural areas. The adaptation under consideration is connected with two stages: educational (implemented at the level of specialist training) and production (at the level of performance of professional duties). The purpose of the study is to develop new forms and mechanisms for the adaptation of graduates of agricultural educational institutions to the conditions of functioning of the real sector of the economy and rural areas. The scientific novelty of the study is revealed in the provisions associated with new forms and mechanisms of adaptation of graduates of agricultural educational institutions to production processes and the social and labor sphere of rural areas. The article presents the results of a study of the adaptation periods of graduates of educational institutions implementing agricultural profiles, and also clarifies the essential content of the adaptation mechanism for young professionals. The result of the study was the development of proposals and recommendations aimed at reducing the period of adaptation of young professionals in economic entities located in rural areas, and ensuring a high level of their fixation. These proposals and recommendations are elements of the development of an appropriate institutional mechanism.

Keywords: adaptation, young specialist, rural areas, business entity, fixability

Acknowledgements: the research is carried out within the framework of the topic of the research plan of the Institute of Economics of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences for 2021-2023 Institutional models and factors of social and economic adaptation of the population of the region in the transition to dynamic development.

 

Information about the author:

A.N. Semin Academician of RAS, PhD (Economics), Professor, Honoured Scientific Worker of RF, Chief Researcher (aleks_ural_55@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 08.06.2022, approved after reviewing on 15.06.2022, accepted for publication on 20.06.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-8-50-54

p. 50-54

The main features and techniques of selling meat products on marketplaces (using the example of Ozon and Wildberries)

Dmitriy I. Makarov

Russian State Agrarian University - Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article describes the methods and prospects for the sale of agricultural products on the main marketplaces of the Russian Federation using the example of meat products. In addition, the nuances of effective business in this sales channel are revealed, and promising niches for meat producers and processors on the Ozon and Wildberries marketplaces are identified.

Keywords: marketplaces, meat market, Ozon, Wildberries, digital marketing, online trade, meat products, promotion

 

Information about the author:

D.M. Makarov PhD (Economics), Senior Lecturer of the Department of World Economy and Marketing (dmitry.makarov@rgau-msha.ru)

 

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 23.06.2022, approved after reviewing on 04.07.2022, accepted for publication on 10.07.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-8-55-62

p. 55-62

Analysis of the state and potential of technological development of small agribusiness in the Volgograd region

Natalia A. Vinogradova

Volgograd State Agrarian University, Volgograd, Russia

Abstract. The article examines the state and development trends of small agribusiness at the regional level. The production niches and specialization of agricultural producers are generalized. The parameters of resource availability and technological effectiveness of the functioning of small business entities, as well as the conditions and possibilities of financing the modernization of the material and technical base of small agribusiness are characterized. The relevance and potential of the introduction of new technologies are substantiated. Based on the criteria of the effectiveness of the functioning of agrarians, reproductive opportunities for the development of individual entrepreneurs and peasant (farmer) farms are identified.

Keywords: small agribusiness, resource availability, development, modernization, investment, technology, potential, innovation, digitalization, efficiency, Volgograd region

 

Information about the author:

N.A. Vinogradova Postgraduate Student (bosechka010@yandex.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 20.03.2022, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 10.06.2022, accepted for publication on 17.06.2022