Economy of Agricultural and Processing Enterprises, 2022, No 9

Contents

AGRARIAN ECONOMIC POLICY

Maslova V.V., Zaruk N.F. Scientific approaches to the formation of an economic mechanism in the agro-industrial complex at the present stage (p. 2-8)

Petrunina I.V. Prospects for the development of the meat industry with legislative support for the activities of wholesale livestock markets (p. 9-13)

AIC ENTERPRISES IN MARKET ECONOMY

Krupina N.N. Assessment of attractiveness of local commodity markets (p. 14-21)

REGIONAL ASPECT

Truba A.S., Volkova A.A., Kuzicheva N.Yu. Adaptation of rural territories in the process of socio-economic development of the Tambov Region (p. 22-30)

Zhangorazova Zh.S., Bagova D.M., Zumakulova F.S. Strategic directions and tools for managing the agro-economic development of the region (p. 31-35)

Rodnina N.V. Food self-sufficiency and state support of the region (on the example of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) (p. 36-39)

INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT

Semin A.N., Skvortsov E.A., Skvortsova E.G. Application of artificial intelligence and robot technologies in agriculture and assessment of their impact on rural unemployment (p. 40-45)

LAND MANAGEMENT

Kolesnyak A.A., Polyanskaya N.M., Kolesnyak I.A. Efficiency of agricultural land use in regions with extreme natural conditions (p. 46-56)

FOOD, RESOURCES AND TECHNICS MARKET

Sobolev O.S. Weather conditions, ecology and food prices in the 2nd quarter of 2022 (p. 57-62)

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-9-2-8

p. 2-8

Original article

Scientific approaches to the formation of an economic mechanism in the agro-industrial complex at the present stage

Vlada V. Maslova1, Natalia F. Zaruk2

1,2Federal Scientific Center of Agrarian Economy and Social Development of Rural Areas - VNIIESkH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article presents scientific approaches to the formation of an economic mechanism in the agro-industrial complex at the present stage. On the basis of economic laws, the theoretical basis for the formation and functioning of the economic mechanism is determined. The main views on the definition of the category economic mechanism in the conditions of various economic structures are considered in accordance with the informational, functional and integral approaches. On the basis of the conducted research, the authors interpretation of the economic mechanism in the agro-industrial complex is formulated, its functions and principles are determined in the new geopolitical conditions. The authors emphasize that the condition for sustainable development of agriculture is expanded reproduction based on the functioning of a comprehensive stimulating economic mechanism and its balanced elements. It is concluded that the system of prices and pricing occupies a central place in the economic mechanism, since the formation and use of monetary resources are a decisive factor in a sustainable reproduction process. It is noted that budget subsidies can be significantly increased, and the structure of their use can be quickly changed, which is extremely relevant in the face of modern challenges and threats. It is emphasized that in modern conditions there is a reconfiguration of the functions of lending, taxation, insurance and customs and tariff regulation for accelerated import substitution and ensuring food security.

Keywords: economic mechanism, organizational and economic mechanism, conceptual approaches, information flows, methods, tools, prices, budget subsidies, lending, taxation, agricultural insurance, customs and tariff regulation, reproduction, agro-industrial complex

 

Information about the authors:

V.V. Masloya PhD (Economics), Professor of RAS, Head of the Department of research of price and financial and credit relations in the agro-industrial complex (maslova_vlada@mail.ru)

N.F. Zaruk PhD (Economics), Professor, Chief Researcher (zaruk84@bk.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 18.07.2022, approved after reviewing on 02.08.2022, accepted for publication on 04.08.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-9-9-13

p. 9-13

Original article

Prospects for the development of the meat industry with legislative support for the activities of wholesale livestock markets

Irina V. Petrunina

V.M. Gorbatov Federal Research Center for Food Systems of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article deals with the creation and functioning of wholesale markets of livestock and agricultural products in Russia in the post-Soviet period. The main attention is paid to the problems of legislative regulation of the activities of these markets based on the need to develop measures to improve the sustainability of the functioning of the meat industry, taking into account new trends in the development of the global and domestic food market.

Keywords: wholesale food markets, agricultural products, livestock, slaughter cattle, meat products, legislative support

 

Information about the author:

I.V. Petrunina Senior Researcher

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 07.06.2022, approved after reviewing on 20.07.2022, accepted for publication on 22.07.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-9-14-21

p. 14-21

Original article

Assessment of attractiveness of local commodity markets

Nadezhda N. Krupina

St. Petersburg State Agrarian University, St. Petersburg, Pushkin, Russia

Abstract. The motivation of entrepreneurs to expand business activity requires the development of accessible scientific and methodological support for decisions made in terms of assessing competition. The indicators and the order of pairwise comparison of compliance with the proportions logically established for them are substantiated. A matrix technique for assessing and options for the attractiveness of the competitive environment are developed and illustrated, taking into account the coordination of indicators. Its practical significance lies in the expansion of management tools at the stage of discussing commercial ideas and planning start-ups.

Keywords: local product market, start-up, competitive environment attractiveness, market concentration, market growth, relative market share, antitrust law, matrix evaluation

 

Information about the author:

N.N. Krupina PhD (Economics), Professor (Krupina_n17@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 22.05.2022, approved after reviewing on 24.06.2022, accepted for publication on 06.07.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-9-22-30

p. 22-30

Original article

Adaptation of rural territories in the process of socio-economic development of the Tambov Region

Anatoly S. Truba1, Anna A. Volkova2, Natalia Yu. Kuzicheva3

1,2Russian New University

3Michurinsk State Agrarian University

Abstract. The article presents an assessment of the level of adaptation to environmental conditions of all major groups of representatives of the economic space of rural territories (municipal self-government, population, agribusiness), which showed the uneven socio-economic development of municipal districts of the Tambov region, the priority of the choice of high-intensity agricultural production technologies by agribusiness. Proposals are given to increase the profitability of rural areas as the main direction of growth of the adaptive potential of all participants in this economic space.

Keywords: rural areas, socio-economic development, adaptation, budget, municipal district, Tambov region, agribusiness, significance, rating

 

Information about the authors:

A.S. Truba PhD (Economics), Professor (truby.anatoly@yandex.ru)

A.A. Volkova Seeker of Academic Degree (babochka-2014@bk.ru)

N.Yu. Kuzicheva PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (kuzicheva.natalia@yandex.ru), ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6252-0955

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 04.07.2022, approved after reviewing on 27.07.2022, accepted for publication on 01.08.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-9-31-35

p. 31-35

Original article

Strategic directions and tools for managing the agro-economic development of the region

Zhansurat S. Zhangorazova1, Dzhuletta M. Bagova2, Fatimat S. Zumakulova3

1,2,3Kabardino-Balkarian State Agrarian University, Nalchik, Russia

Abstract. The article reveals the issues related to the processes of development and implementation of the strategy of management of agro-economic development of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic. The characteristic features of the agrarian sphere are highlighted, which determine the need to strengthen state regulation of the development of the regional agro-industrial complex (AIC). A systematic analysis of trends and directions of development of the AIC of the region was carried out, regional features and problems determining the prospects of agro-economic development were identified. Strategic priorities and directions of development of the agricultural sector of the regions economy, taking into account its main competitive advantages, are substantiated. The instruments of state support for sustainable agro-economic development of the region are considered. The concept of management on an innovative basis is proposed, the key goals and objectives of strategic management of the AIC of the region are defined.

Keywords: agro-industrial complex, agriculture, rural territories, agro-economic development of the region, Kabardino-Balkarian Republic, target programs, strategy, strategic priorities, strategic directions, scenarios, tools, strategic management mechanism

Acknowledgments: the study was carried out with the financial support of the RFFI, project No. 20-010-00445 A

 

Information about the authors:

Zh.S. Zhangorazova PhD (Economics), Professor (econ_dekanat@rambler.ru)

D.M. Bagova PhD (Economics), Professor

F.S. Zumakulova PhD (Economics), Associate Professor

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 14.08.2022, approved after reviewing 17.08.2022, accepted for publication on 23.08.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-9-36-39

p. 36-39

Original article

Food self-sufficiency and state support of the region (on the example of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)

Natalia V. Rodnina

Arctic State Agrotechnological University, Yakutsk, Russia

Abstract. The article deals with the urgent issue of food self-sufficiency of the subjects of the Russian Federation and the impact of state financial support on it. Both the food security of the country and the food self-sufficiency of a particular region are among the main directions of state policy today. For the northern, Arctic region with complex climatic, transportation, infrastructure conditions, food security is a complex multifactorial problem. Low agricultural potential and hence insignificant volumes of local agricultural production are reflected in the food market in the form of its shortage and the high cost of goods sold. Sometimes this leads to non-compliance with the recommended rational nutrition standards of the population. Due to market mechanisms, the food problem cannot be completely solved, especially in the northern regions. It is necessary to take more effective measures of state financial support that contribute to increasing the volume of own food production.

Keywords: self-sufficiency in food, region, state support, food security, agro-industrial complex, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)

 

Information about the author:

N.V. Rodnina PhD (Economics), Dean of the Faculty of Economics (rodninanv@gmail.com)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 08.07.2022, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 27.07.2022, accepted for publication on 03.08.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-9-40-45

p. 40-45

Original article

Application of artificial intelligence and robot technologies in agriculture and assessment of their impact on rural unemployment

Alexander N. Semin1, Egor A. Skvortsov2, Ekaterina G. Skvortsova3

1,2Ural State Economic University, Yekaterinburg, Russia

3Ural State Agrarian University, Yekaterinburg, Russia

Abstract. The growth of technological unemployment in the context of the massive use of robots and artificial intelligence is an urgent practice and scientific problem. The purpose of the study is to assess the impact of the use of artificial intelligence technologies and robotics on unemployment in agriculture. As research methods, screening of scientific literature on this issue and questioning of the expert group are used. The analysis and grouping of various scientific approaches to assessing the impact of artificial intelligence technologies and robotics on technological unemployment has been carried out. According to experts, the use of artificial intelligence and robotics technologies in agriculture will cause a cardinal impact on the industry (56.6% and 58.9%, respectively). At the same time, experts assess the possible increase in unemployment in rural areas as a result of the use of these technologies as insignificant (55.3% and 59.6% of all estimates). Specific recommendations are given to reduce the impact of the use of artificial intelligence technologies and robotics on technological unemployment, which consist in the need to improve the skills of workers, acquire unique skills for them, and create effective trade union organizations.

Keywords: agriculture, robotics, artificial intelligence, unemployment, employment, technological unemployment

Acknowledgements: the study was carried out with the financial support of the RFFI in the framework of the scientific project No. 20-010-00457 A Development of theoretical and methodological foundations for the transformation of social and labor relations in agriculture in the context of the development of the digital economy.

 

Information about the authors:

A.N. Semin PhD (Economics), Professor, Academician of RAS (aleks_ural_55@mail.ru)

E.A. Skvortsov PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (9089267986@mail.ru)

E.G. Skvortsova PhD (Economics) (uralmash91@list.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 09.07.2022, approved after reviewing 14.07.2022, accepted for publication on 18.07.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-9-46-56

p. 46-56

Original article

Efficiency of agricultural land use in regions with extreme natural conditions

Antonina A. Kolesnyak1, Natalya M. Polyanskaya2, Igor A. Kolesnyak3

1Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia

2Banzarov Buryat State University, Ulan-Ude, Russia

3Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. A significant part of the territory of the Russian regions is located in areas characterized by extreme natural conditions, which to some extent limits the possibilities of agricultural development. In the regions of the country, it is strategically important to ensure the preservation, restoration and increase of productivity of the main factor of agricultural production agricultural land, to create conditions for their rational use and involvement in agricultural turnover of unused arable land. The low bioclimatic potential and the continentality of the climate characterize the extreme natural and climatic situation of the regions of the Far Eastern Federal District and are the basis for their differentiation by soil and climatic conditions. The extreme climate significantly reduces the productivity of agricultural land and caused a reduction in the volume of per capita production and consumption of protein-containing products in the regions of the Far Eastern Federal District. The article assesses the efficiency of the use of agricultural land in Russia and the Far Eastern regions, justifies their grouping by soil and climatic conditions, identifies priority measures to increase land productivity. An element of the scientific contribution of the study is the zoning of the territories of the Far Eastern Federal District based on the assessment of their soil and climatic conditions and the authors method of differentiating regions by groups with the identification of food production opportunities and the proposal of priority directions for increasing the productivity of agricultural land. The materials and results of the study have theoretical significance, as well as practical value for regional authorities in the development of agri-food policy.

Keywords: land resources, efficiency, agricultural land, valuation, food supply, food security, extremity, natural and climatic conditions, region, Far Eastern Federal District

 

Information about the authors:

A.A. Kolesnyak PhD (Economics), Associate Professor, Honored Worker of Higher Education of the Russian Federation, Honored Economist of the Republic of Buryatia; Professor of the Department of State, Municipal Management and Personnel Policy; Scopus Author ID: 57131029600; ORCID: 0000-0001-6681-2261; SPIN: 9399-1529; (kolesnyak.antonina@yandex.ru)

N.M. Polyanskaya PhD (Economics), Associate Professor; Scopus Author ID: 57193360921; ORCID: 0000-0002-6387-6494; SPIN: 3603-3154; (natali_mz@mail.ru)

I.A. Kolesnyak PhD (Economics), Associate Professor; Scopus Author ID: 57211204703; ORCID: 0000-0002-9541-1579; SPIN: 6258-2856; (igorkolesnyak@mail.ru)

 

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 20.04.2022, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 15.06.2022, accepted for publication on 29.06.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2022-0-9-57-62

p. 57-62

Original article

Weather conditions, ecology and food prices in the 2nd quarter of 2022

Oleg S. Sobolev

A.A. Nikonov VIAPI, branch of Federal Scientific Center of Agrarian Economy and Social Development of Rural Areas - VNIIESkH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The semi-annual volume of carbon emissions as a result of forest fires in the Russian Federation is analyzed. Weather factors in the Russian Federation in the 2nd quarter of 2022, which affected agricultural production, are considered. Producer prices for grain, milk, meat and sugar in Russia, the EU, and the USA are compared in the 2nd quarter of 2022. Double-digit annual food inflation was noted in the domestic markets of milk, bread, sugar, chicken meat, beef and sunflower oil.

Keywords: weather conditions, environmental situation, pyrogenic carbon emissions, food prices, inflation food markets of the Russian Federation, the EU and the USA

 

Information about the author:

O.S. Sobolev PhD (Engineering), Leading Scientific Worker (oleg209sob@viapi.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 15.08.2022, approved after reviewing on 18.08.2022, accepted for publication on 22.08.2022