Economy of Agricultural and Processing Enterprises, 2023, No 10

Contents

AGRARIAN ECONOMIC POLICY

Avarskii N.D., Seregin S.N. Food complex of Russia 2022: achieved results and development objectives (p. 2-11)

Petrikov A.V. State regulation of personal subsidiary farms as the most widespread organizational and legal form in the rural local economy (p. 12-18)

Medvedeva N.A. Food security of Russia: topical issues of ensuring the quality of products of the agro-industrial complex (p. 19-26)

AIC ENTERPRISES IN MARKET ECONOMY

Cherdantsev V.P., Zotov A.V., Krinitsyn I.V. Business process management in the product subcomplex of the agro-industrial complex (on the example of pig farming) (p. 27-32)

REGIONAL ASPECT

Semin A.N., Zezin N.N., Maltsev N.V., Ankauov B.F. Efficiency of grain farming of the Ural: state and new opportunities (p. 33-42)

Kolesnyak A.A., Polyanskaya N.M., Bryanskaya O.L. Integrated assessment of the resource potential of agrofood systems of the regions of the Far Eastern Federal District (p. 43-51)

Musaev T.I., Kerimkhanov Sh.M. The current state, problems and prospects of development of the subcomplex of viticulture and winemaking industry in the Republic of Dagestan (p. 52-59)

INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT

Ganieva I.A., Koteev S.V. Development of regional state programs to support agricultural producers who implement carbon-neutral technologies (p. 60-66)

Timirgaleeva R.R. The concept of forming a digital business model of the cluster formation of the agro-industrial complex (p. 67-73)

BUSINESS ACCOUNTING AND AUDIT

Chernova Yu.V., Gazizyanova Yu.Yu. Reflection of information about biological assets in accounting (financial) statements (p. 74-81)

LABOR MARKET AND SOCIAL SPHERE IN RURAL LOCALITY

Edrenkina N.M., Lisitsin A.E. The quality of life of the rural population of the region: the results of the assessment of the subjective component (p. 82-85)

RESEARCH BY YOUNG SCIENTISTS

Volvak Yu.S. Formation of a methodological approach to small business research in conditions of limited information (p. 86-92)

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-10-2-11

p. 2-11

Original article

Food complex of Russia 2022: achieved results and development objectives

Nabi D. Avarskii1, Sergey N. Seregin2

1, 2 FSBSI FRC AESDRA VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. Unprecedented external pressure and various kinds of sanctions imposed by the West against Russia increased risks for the Russian economy and reduced business investment activity for industrial modernization and the creation of modern infrastructure facilities. Thanks to a number of decisions taken by the state, including measures of state support, a good result was obtained in agricultural production, fisheries and processing industries. It is necessary to preserve the results achieved in the production of agricultural raw materials and the extraction of aquatic biological resources, to prevent a decrease in food production, to maintain price stability in the food market. Exports of raw materials and finished products, of course, need to be developed, but not to the detriment of the domestic food market. In modern conditions of confrontation with the West, it is extremely important to establish the production of domestic seed material of agricultural crops, expand the range of manufactured technological equipment, and put modern fishing vessels into operation in a timely manner. In order to stabilize prices, attract investments necessary to create a modern infrastructure for the storage and logistics of agricultural raw materials and food, the state should create certain preferences for business, as well as help improve access to markets for finished products of small businesses and local producers.

Keywords: geopolitical situation, state support, Russian food security Doctrine, agricultural products, food, food processing industry, logistics and storage infrastructure, preferential regimes, food complex, fisheries complex, risks, sanctions, technological risks, price conjuncture

Highlights: changes made by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation to target indicators and their values in the draft Federal Scientific and Technical Program for the Development of Agriculture (FNTP) for 2017-2030 (post. the Government of Russia dated 25.08.2017 No. 996) for 9 current and 4 new subprograms (Development of breeding and seed production of grain crops, Development of breeding and seed production of corn, Development of breeding and seed production of vegetable crops and Improvement of the genetic potential of dairy cattle) take into account the current geopolitical situation, the impact of sanctions restrictions and indicators of food security in accordance with the Doctrine. To implement the new directions of this State Program, it is important to ensure their financing from various sources, otherwise, as practice shows, they will remain only on paper;

the states support of small forms of management and agricultural cooperation is important not only for the growth of agricultural production, but also in the social aspect, including for the consolidation of rural residents on their territory, both in the production of agricultural products and in the territories where the extraction of aquatic biological resources is carried out.

the food and processing industry(s) is a system-forming sphere of the countrys economy, forming the agro-food market, food and economic security; the driver of economic growth of each region and the country as a whole, and the synergetic effect on the economy is largely determined by the interaction of the food industry with other branches of agriculture, wholesale and retail trade, transport and logistics system;

technological risks caused by the lag in the level of technological development of the production base of the food complex, in accordance with the provisions of the Food Security Doctrine, are among the most significant risks. The branches of agricultural engineering, mechanical engineering for the food and processing industry largely determine the level of its technological sovereignty.

 

Information about the authors:

N.D. Avarskii Doctor of Economics, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Science Secretary (science@vniiesh.ru)

ORCIDID: 0000-0003-3189-1179

S.N. Seregin Doctor of Economics, Chief Researcher (s.n.seregin@vniiesh.ru)

ORCID ID: 0000-0002-0122-9179

The article was submitted on 25.09.2023, approved after reviewing on 02.10.2023, accepted for publication on 03.10.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-10-12-18

p. 12-18

Original article

State regulation of personal subsidiary farms as the most widespread organizational and legal form in the rural local economy

Alexander V. Petrikov

VIAPI named after A.A. Nikonov is a branch of FSBSI FRC AESDRA VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article analyzes trends in the employment of rural and urban population in household production for 2017-2022 based on data from the annual Rosstat Labor Force survey. The great role of households of rural population in the production of agricultural products for their own needs is noted. At the same time, the share of these farms in the total volume of agricultural output is decreasing. This gives some experts the right to talk about the futility households and the need to replace production in households with large enterprises. The author gives arguments against this approach and justifies the directions of state support for households.

Keywords: rural local economy, employment of rural population, households, agrarian policy, state support of households, agricultural vertical cooperatives

 

Information about the author:

A.V. Petrikov Academician RAS, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor (av_petrikov@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 25.08.2023, approved after reviewing on 11.09.2023, accepted for publication on 12.09.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-10-19-26

p. 19-26

Original article

Food security of Russia: topical issues of ensuring the quality of products of the agro-industrial complex

Nina A. Medvedeva

FSBSI FRC AESDRA VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article discusses topical issues of ensuring the quality and safety of agricultural products and food in the light of the new Food Security Doctrine and the Strategy for Improving the Quality of Food products in the Russian Federation until 2030. It is noted that Russia has a developed system of standardization and certification of agricultural products and food. In terms of food quality and safety in the global food security ranking in 2022, Russia occupied the 23rd position among 113 countries. The article highlights the main indicators for determining the quality and safety of food in the global ranking. The system of technical regulation of food products and its constituent elements is analyzed, and the most pressing issues of its improvement are identified, primarily in the field of harmonization of norms established in technical regulations and quality standards with international norms, which is especially important when new products using GMOs and organic products appear on the market. There is a need to increase the role of food quality control, in connection with the circulation of counterfeit products on the market.

Keywords: food security. quality and safety, technical regulation, quality control

 

Information about the author:

N.A. Medvedeva PhD (Agriculture), Leading Researcher (7933719@rambler.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 03.08.2023, approved after reviewing on 24.08.2023, accepted for publication on 29.08.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-10-27-32

p. 27-32

Original article

Business process management in the product subcomplex of the agro-industrial complex (on the example of pig farming)

Vadim P. Cherdantsev1, Alexander V. Zotov2, Igor V. Krinitsyn3

1Perm State Agrarian and Technological University named after Academician D.N. Pryanishnikov, Perm, Russia

2Ural Research Institute of Economic Security and Rural Development, Yekaterinburg, Russia

3Vyatka State University, Kirov, Russia

Abstract. The article deals with the issues of business process management at the enterprises of the agro-industrial complex. Under the conditions of sanctions pressure, Russian agro-industrial enterprises demonstrate stable growth in production volumes, but modern realities form the need for effective management of business processes to minimize risks. Improperly structured business processes lead to an increase in unjustified production costs and a decrease in profitability, while the negative effect is often delayed due to industry specifics. Business process management is an effective tool for maintaining sustainability and profitability growth, since it allows you to track and evaluate changes in real time, promptly adjust technological processes and the work of the companys personnel.

Keywords: management, business process, pig breeding, animal husbandry, agro-industrial complex, profitability, technology

 

Information about the authors:

V.P. Cherdantsev Doctor of Economics, Professor (cherdantsev.vadim@yandex.ru)

A.V. Zotov Junior Researcher

I.V. Krinitsyn Researcher of the Engineering Center (ksoigor@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 14.08.2023, approved after reviewing on 21.08.2023, accepted for publication on 22.08.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-10-33-42

p. 33-42

Original article

Efficiency of grain farming of the Ural: state and new opportunities

Alexander N. Semin1, Nikita N. Zezin2, Nikolai V. Maltsev3, Bolat F. Ankauov4

1Ural State Economic University, Ekaterinburg, Russia

2Ural Federal Agrarian Research Center of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Ekaterinburg, Russia

3Ural State Mining University, Ekaterinburg, Russia

4Limited Liability Partnership KAZURALAGRO, Kostanay, Republic of Kazakhstan

Abstract. The article presents some results of a systemic analysis of the state and development of the crop production industry and, first of all, the grain farming of the Urals. The indicators of economic efficiency of cultivating grain crops in three regions of the Ural Federal District were analyzed. The grouping of enterprises ranked by the level of costs per hectare of sowing (including labor costs, costs of seeds, plant protection products, fuel, electricity, maintenance, depreciation, etc.) was applied. The factors influencing the decrease in the economic efficiency of crop production, including price disparity and climate change, are considered. Specific recommendations are given for solving problems of rational use of resources and increasing the competitiveness of grain-producing agricultural entities.

Keywords: crop production, grain production, analysis, cost, resources, economic efficiency, quality of management, Ural

 

Information about the authors:

A.N. Semin Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation, Professor of the Department of World Economy and Foreign Economic Activity (aleks_ural_55@mail.ru)

N.N. Zezin Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Director
(nikitazezin@yandex.ru)

N.V. Maltsev Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Crisis Management and Assessment Activities
(nikolai_malcev@mail.ru)

B.F. Ankauov Director of KAZURALAGRO LLP

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 14.09.2023, approved after reviewing on 19.09.2023, accepted for publication on 20.09.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-10-43-51

p. 43-51

Original article

Integrated assessment of the resource potential of agro-food systems of the regions of the Far Eastern Federal District

Antonina A. Kolesnyak 1, Natalya M. Polyanskaya 2, Olga L. Bryanskaya3

1 Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia

2 Buryat State University named after Dorzhi Banzarov, Ulan-Ude, Russia

3 Buryat State Agricultural Academy named after V.R. Filippov, Ulan-Ude, Russia

Abstract. In order to achieve the goals of full food supply to the population and at the same time more rational and efficient use of limited resources (land, labor, material and technical, etc.), it is advisable to use an integrated assessment of the resource potential of the agro-food systems of the regions. In the Far Eastern Federal District, there is a significant heterogeneity of the resource potential of regional agro-food systems. Khabarovsk and Kamchatka Territories, Magadan Region, the Republic of Sakha and the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug have extremely low land potential. In the same regions (except the Kamchatka Territory), there is a low social and labor potential. In the Trans-Baikal Territory, the Republic of Buryatia, the Republic of Sakha, the Jewish Autonomous Region and the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, measures are needed to increase the availability of funds and the stock of labor in the agricultural sector. Some Far Eastern territories with an excess of agricultural land (the Republics of Buryatia, the Trans-Baikal Territory, the Jewish Autonomous Region), but low production and rental opportunities, remain without labor and investment, continue to lose the already dilapidated material and technical base and cannot provide their own population with food. At the same time, in these regions, it is the land resource that is in excess that can be considered as a comparative competitive advantage. However, an unfavorable combination of resource groups, to a certain extent a consequence of destructive socio-economic policy, does not ensure a balanced territorial development of the country and hinders the progressive development of agro-food systems in many of its regions. The results of the potential assessment obtained in the course of the study can be used to identify problem areas in the resource provision of agro-food systems of regions, optimize the parameters of the territorial distribution of productive forces, deepen specialization, as well as substantiate the volume of state support.

Keywords: agro-food system, resource potential, integrated assessment, differentiation, region, Far Eastern Federal District, food security, agriculture, state regulation

 

Information about the authors:

A.A. Kolesnyak Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor, Honored Worker of Higher Education of the Russian Federation, Honored Economist of the Republic of Buryatia, Professor of the Department of State, Municipal Management and Personnel Policy (kolesnyak.antonina@yandex.ru)

Scopus Author ID: 57131029600; ORCID: 0000-0001-6681-2261; SPIN: 9399-1529

N.M. Polyanskaya Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Senior Researcher at the Institute of Law and Economics (natali_mz@mail.ru)

Scopus Author ID: 57193360921; ORCID: 0000-0002-6387-6494; SPIN: 3603-3154

O.L. Bryanskaya Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department Economics and Organization of Agriculture (olgabryanskaya@yandex.ru)

ORCID: 0000-0001-9669-610X; SPIN: 5995-8654

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 05.09.2023, approved after reviewing on 11.09.2023, accepted for publication on 18.09.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-10-52-59

p. 52-59

Original article

The current state, problems and prospects of development of the subcomplex of viticulture and winemaking industry in the Republic of Dagestan

Terlan I. Musaev1, Sherif M. Kerimkhanov2

1 Dagestan State University, branch in Derbent, Russia

2 Committee on Viticulture and Alcohol Regulation of the Republic of Dagestan, Makhachkala, Russia

Abstract. The current state and prospects of development of the grape-growing and wine subcomplex of the Republic of Dagestan are considered. The problems and trends in the development of the grape-growing and wine industry are revealed. Measures to increase the efficiency of grape production and its processed products are proposed.

Keywords: grape-growing and wine industry, Republic of Dagestan, trends, development, forecast, state support

 

Information about the authors:

T.I. Musaev Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor (terlan-izzetovich@mail.ru)

Sh.M. Kerimkhanov Chairman of the Committee in Viticulture and Alcohol Regulation of the Republic of Dagestan (sheriff-mirsoevich@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 03.07.2023, approved after reviewing on 19.07.2023, accepted for publication on 24.07.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-10-60-66

p. 60-66

Original article

Development of regional state programs to support agricultural producers who implement carbon-neutral technologies

Irina A. Ganieva 1, Sanji V. Koteev 2

1, 2 VIAPI named after A.A. Nikonov is a branch of FSBSI FRC AESDRA VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article presents an analysis of research on state support for agricultural producers implementing carbon-neutral technologies, which allowed us to assess the range and effectiveness of tools for this support in the agro-industrial complex of Russia. The relevance of the development of regional programs in accordance with the requirements of the importing countries of our agricultural products is proved. The increase in costs at the initial stage of energy transition should help to implement technological sovereignty projects that provide for the sustainable production of high-tech products of a full innovation cycle based on domestic developments, including carbon-neutral technologies. These costs should be compensated by various instruments of state support (subsidies, preferential loans, preferential taxation, access to resources, innovation). The developers of the state policy of low-carbon regulation in Russia should, using international practice, raise and solve the following questions: what are the incentives for the introduction of low-carbon projects for business and the public, whether the existing set of state support tools is sufficient, how the indicators of the state low-carbon policy are compared with market identifiers associated with the energy transition to a decarbonized economy. The conducted research suggests that the instruments of state support for lowcarbon projects in the sectors of the Russian economy, including subsidies for the modernization of existing production facilities, the introduction of the best technologies with low and zero greenhouse gas emissions, tax incentives, should be worked out at the level of regions or macro-regions - federal districts, using foreign experience.

Keywords: state support, low-carbon projects, agro-industrial complex, subsidies, greenhouse gases, regional support programs, measures and indicators, evaluation of the effectiveness of implementation

 

Information about the authors:

I.A. Ganieva Doctor of Economics, Chief Researcher (ganieva@viapi.ru )

S.V. Koteev Candidate of Economic Sciences, Leading Researcher (viapi@mail.ru )

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 02.10.2023, approved after reviewing on 10.10.2023, accepted for publication on 11.10.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-10-67-73

p. 67-73

Original article

The concept of forming a digital business model of the cluster formation of the agro-industrial complex

Rena R. Timirgaleeva1

1 Crimean Federal University named after V.I. Vernadsky, Simferopol, Russia

1 Research Institute of Agriculture of the Crimea, Simferopol, Russia

Abstract. The article is devoted to the development of a concept for the formation of a digital business model of a cluster formation of the agro-industrial complex, which involves the creation of a digital ecosystem/platform for the integration of all participants in business processes in this area, aimed at obtaining mutually beneficial values and developing network effects from interaction. The necessity of forming digital models (platforms) that allow integrating all participants in the business process, the implementation of which should be economically feasible, is substantiated. A comparative analysis of business processes in classical and digital business models has been carried out. The key business processes of digitization in the crop cluster are analyzed and its digital business model is presented. On the example of one of the control blocks of a crop cluster, the structure and mathematical description of its information system are presented, on the basis of which it is possible to identify effective and appropriate links between potential elements of a cluster formation.

Keywords: digital business model, crop cluster, business processes, digital transformation, clustering, digital technologies

 

Information about the author:

R.R. Timirgaleeva Doctor of Economics, Professor, Professor of the Department of Economics and Management (renatimir@gmail.com)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 17.08.2023, approved after reviewing on 28.08.2023, accepted for publication on 30.08.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-10-74-81

p. 74-81

Original article

Reflection of information about biological assets in accounting (financial) statements

Yulia V. Chernova 1, Yulia Yu. Gazizyanova 2

1, 2 Samara State Agrarian University, Samara, Russia

Abstract. The article discusses the issues of disclosure of information about biological assets and the results of their biotransformation in accounting (financial) statements. It is justified and proposed to supplement the Notes to the Balance Sheet and Statement of Financial Results with the section Biological Assets and to provide information on cash flows in transactions with biological assets in the explanatory note; recommendations on their content are given.

Keywords: agriculture, biological assets, biotransformation, fair value, accounting

 

Information about the authors:

Yu.V. Chernova Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department Economic Security, Accounting and Analysis (yola.uvc@mail.ru )

Yu.Yu. Gazizyanova Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department Economic Security, Accounting and Analysis

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 11.09.2023, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 26.09.2023, accepted for publication on 28.09.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-10-82-85

p. 82-85

Original article

The quality of life of the rural population of the region: the results of the assessment of the subjective component

Nina M. Edrenkina 1, Alexander E. Lisitsin 2

1, 2 Siberian Federal Research Center of Agrobiotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Research Institute of Agricultural Economics, Krasnoobsk, Novosibirsk Region, Russia

Abstract. The article considers the role of subjective assessment of the quality of life by rural residents. The main parameters of the survey conducted by the authors of the rural population of the Novosibirsk region on the quality of life are presented. The preliminary results of the analysis of the collected data are presented, on the basis of which conclusions are drawn about the subjective assessment of the quality of life by rural residents of the region. Recommendations on improving the state policy in this area are given.

Keywords: quality of life, rural areas, questioning, survey

 

Information about the authors:

N.M. Edrenkina Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Leading Researcher (enm-nso@ngs.ru)

A.E. Lisitsin Junior Researcher (030107107lis@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 13.07.2023, approved after reviewing on 23.08.2023, accepted for publication on 28.08.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-10-86-92

p. 86-92

Original article

Formation of a methodological approach to small business research in conditions of limited information

Yulia S. Volvak

Lugansk State Agrarian University named after K.E. Voroshilov, Lugansk, Russia

Abstract. The article presents the authors view on the problem of forming an information base for making managerial decisions in strategic planning of small business development in the agricultural sector. Taking into account the specifics of the small business organization, the principles of using sociological research methods to perform economic tasks are substantiated. The direction of improving the ways of interpreting the results of a questionnaire survey using multidimensional data analysis is proposed.

Keywords: small business, agricultural sector, questionnaire survey, statistics, multidimensional data analysis, automation, data interpretation

 

Information about the author:

Yu.S. Volvak Assistant of the Department of Agrarian Economics, Management and Law (yulia-volvak@mail.ru).

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 12.09.2023, approved after reviewing on 15.09.2023, accepted for publication on 18.09.2023.