Economy of Agricultural and Processing Enterprises, 2023, No 11

Contents

AGRARIAN ECONOMIC POLICY

Bautin V.M., Lipchenko E.A. Development of high-tech agriculture and subjects of rural local economy in conditions of depopulation of rural population (p. 2-6)

Mazloev V.Z., Khairullina O.I. Development of trade partnership between Russia and China in the agri-food sector (p. 7-13)

Bundina O.I., Khukhrin A.S., Kolomiets S.N. Development of the grain complex of Russia: strategic aspect (p. 14-23)

AIC ENTERPRISES IN MARKET ECONOMY

Saraykin V.A. On the influence of the duration of pasture keeping of cows on the environmental friendliness of milk production (p. 24-30)

Kolotyrin K.P., Nayanov A.V., Sidelnikova M.V., Borodastova E.V. Building an effective organizational and economic mechanism for managing a fair wage system at agricultural and processing enterprises (p. 31-34)

Kibirov Kh.G., Soskieva E.A. Typology of agricultural organizations as subjects of rural local economy (p. 35-40)

Tyapkina M.F., Samarukha V.I. Evaluation of exchange-distribution relations based on cross-industry comparisons in the agro-industrial complex (p. 41-48)

Pavlov A.Yu., Burlyukina E.V. Formation of a labeling system for ecological and organic food products (p. 49-55)

REGIONAL ASPECT

Rodnina N.V. On the impact of planning on agricultural development (p. 56-60)

INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT

Borisova O.V., Borisov D.V. Strategic directions of innovative development food industry in the Siberian Federal District (p. 61-67)

BUSINESS ACCOUNTING AND AUDIT

Egorova I.S. Practical aspects of the audit of the effectiveness of the organizations activities as part of the assessment of its investment attractiveness (p. 68-74)

BUSINESS ENTITIES: PROBLEMS AND PRACTICES

Adukova A.N., Kazora M.Yu. The contribution of peasant (farm) households to ensuring Russias food security (p. 75-80)

LABOR MARKET AND SOCIAL SPHERE IN RURAL LOCALITY

Falchenko O.D., Kovalev V.E. Theoretical and methodological concepts for a smart village development (p. 81-85)

RESEARCH BY YOUNG SCIENTISTS

Luchian V. Development of the structure of Romanian agricultural exports (p. 86-91)

CONGRATULATIONS

Professor A.V. Tkach celebrates 85 years old (3rd p. of the cover)

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-11-2-6

p. 2-6

Original article

Development of high-tech agriculture and subjects of rural local economy in conditions of depopulation of rural population

Vladimir M. Bautin1, Elena A. Lipchenko2

1 VIAPI named after A.A. Nikonov is a branch of the Federal Scientific Center for Agrarian Economics and Social Development of Rural Territories VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

2 Russian Biotechnological University, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. Over the past 30 years, Russian agriculture has made a difficult, tortuous and unpredictable path of transition to market relations. In the 1990s, the industry was treated as a black hole, and in the 20s of the XXI century - already as a driver of the domestic economy. Thus, by the end of 2022, the growth of the national volume of agricultural production amounted to 10.2%. To date, two main forms of agricultural producers have developed in agricultural production: large agribusiness, represented by agricultural holdings and large private farms forming a high-tech sector of the agricultural economy, and small and medium-sized agricultural and non-agricultural business, represented by the most active part of small agricultural entrepreneurship in the face of peasant (farmer) farms, commodity farmsteads (personal subsidiary and other individual family farms), rural cooperatives and consumer societies, horticultural, gardening and dacha partnerships, individual entrepreneurs belonging to the subjects of rural local economy. The article deals with the problems of the influence of these two forms of agricultural producers on the preservation and development of rural lifestyle and rural demography. The role of subjects of rural local economy in performing an important function of social control over rural territories is shown.

Keywords: rural territories, agrarian economy, rural settlement, technological structure, rural local economy, rural development, demography of rural population

 

Information about the authors:

V.M. Bautin Doctor of Economics, Professor, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Chief Researcher (bautinvm@gmail.com )

E.A. Lipchenko Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor (elen.lipchenko@gmail.com)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 02.10.2023, approved after reviewing on 16.10.2023, accepted for publication on 18.10.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-11-7-13

p. 7-13

Original article

Development of trade partnership between Russia and China in the agri-food sector

Vitaly Z. Mazloev1, Olga I. Khairullina2

1 VNIOPTUSKH is a branch of the Federal Scientific Center for Agrarian Economics and Social Development of Rural Territories VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

2 Perm State Agrarian and Technological University named after Academician D.N. Pryanishnikov, Perm, Russia

Abstract. The article analyzes the composition and structure of Russian food exports to China. Over the past five years, supplies of animal products have increased significantly in volume and value terms. There is an opportunity to increase the export of certain categories of goods, in particular milk and dairy products, and some types of meat. Promising directions for the development of food exports are proposed. Problems that impede the further realization of Russias export potential have been identified and classified. Recommendations for the mutually beneficial development of the Russian-Chinese partnership are presented.

Keywords: import, export, food, Russia, China, trade partnership

 

Information about the authors:

V.Z. Mazloev Doctor of Economics, Professor, Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation, Chief Researcher (mazloevv@mail.ru)

O.I. Khairullina Doctor of Economics, Professor (o.i.khayrullina@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 28.09.2023, approved after reviewing on 12.10.2023, accepted for publication on 18.10.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-11-14-23

p. 14-23

Original article

Development of the grain complex of Russia: strategic aspect

Olga I. Bundina1, Alexey S. Khukhrin2, Svetlana N. Kolomiets3

1, 3 All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Grain is a branch of the V.M. Gorbatov Federal Research Center for Food Systems of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

2 Veltmeister LLC, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. In recent years, Russia has increased grain production and exports in an unprecedented manner, especially in the 2022/2023 agricultural year. Despite the huge potential demand for grain, according to the Ministry of Agriculture of Russia, the profitability of grain production due to Western sanctions decreased in 2022 compared to 2021 almost twice. In order to increase the economic efficiency of grain production and processing, the article examines the dynamics of the implementation of the Long-term strategy for the development of the grain complex of the Russian Federation until 2035 (hereinafter Strategy-2035), its external environment, the main indicators of the world grain market and the leading grain-producing regions of the country, the global systemic crisis. A set of measures to improve efficiency and competitiveness is proposed based on the consistent implementation of the Strategy-2035, which provides for the creation of grain clusters: the formation of a system of grain clusters will solve a complex of problems of the development of grain farming (from production to export of grain and its processed products). Creating clusters by trial and error, without having a target model of an effective cluster, is very expensive. It is necessary to design clusters based on their adaptive model with predefined efficiency properties, the presence of a set of positive feedbacks.

Keywords: grain complex, strategy, target indicators, food and energy crisis, structure of gross agricultural output, profitability, set of measures, positive feedback, agro-eco-industrial cluster, adaptive model of grain clusters, efficiency, competitiveness

 

Information about the authors:

O.I. Bundina Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Senior Researcher
(boi888@mail.ru)

A.S. Khukhrin Candidate of Economic Sciences (a-huhrin@bk.ru

S.N. Kolomiets Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Researcher

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 09.10.2023, approved after reviewing on 16.10.2023, accepted for publication on 17.10.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-11-24-30

p. 24-30

Original article

On the influence of the duration of pasture keeping of cows on the environmental friendliness of milk production

Valery A. Saraykin

A.A. Nikonovs VIAPI, branch of Federal Scientific Center of Agrarian Economy and Social Development of Rural Areas VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. There is a problem of establishing the digestibility of pasture feed, which leads to an expansion of the range of the obtained indicators and inaccuracy of the calculated values due to the accepted methodology for assessing enteral fermentation of methane by ruminant animals, based on the balance of produced products and feed consumption. In order to eliminate deviations, it is important not only to know the digestibility coefficient based on general estimates of feed, but also to take into account the duration of keeping animals on pastures. As calculations show, an increase in the duration of grazing greatly adjusts the average digestibility of consumed grasses, which leads to an increase in methane production and a decrease in the amount of metabolic energy per unit of feed, and ultimately to a decrease in productivity. Attempts to build an optimal scheme for grazing high-yielding animals on pasture in order to obtain the maximum yield of metabolic energy of consumed feed are impossible. In this regard, transferring high-yielding industrial cattle herds to year-round housing with feeding on walking areas is the only way to solve the identified problems in ensuring a balanced feed energy and reducing methane emissions.

Keywords: dairy cattle breeding, feed digestibility, crude fiber, feed metabolic energy, enteric methane fermentation, grazing period

 

Information about the author:

V.. Saraykin Doctor of Economics, Chief Researcher (svalera@viapi.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 21.09.2023, approved after reviewing on 16.10.2023, accepted for publication on 18.10.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-11-31-34

p. 31-34

Original article

Building an effective organizational and economic mechanism for managing a fair wage system at agricultural and processing enterprises

Konstantin P. Kolotyrin1, Alexander V. Nayanov2, Margarita V. Sidelnikova3, Ekaterina V. Borodastova4

1, 2, 3, 4 Saratov state university of genetics, biotechnology and engineering named after N.I. Vavilov, Saratov, Russia

Abstract. The article analyzes the activities of agricultural enterprises in the sphere of the agro-industrial complex of the Russian Federation, and also identifies the main problems of its unstable functioning, which made it possible to determine the influencing factors and principles for the formation of an effective wage mechanism at enterprises. The structure of optimal distribution of profits at agricultural enterprises is presented and recommendations are given on the formation of a fair wage system for workers in agricultural and processing enterprises for the short and long term development.

Keywords: fair wages, organizational and economic mechanism, factors, agro-industrial complex, agriculture, profit, enterprises

Acknowledgements: the study was carried out within the framework of the RNF grant No. 22-28-02046.

 

Information about the authors:

K.P. Kolotyrin Professor, Head of the Department Project management and foreign economic activity in the agro-industrial complex, Doctor of Economic Sciences, (kpk75@mail.ru)

A.V. Nayanov Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department Project management and foreign economic activity in the agro-industrial complex (nayanovav@yandex.ru)

M.V. Sidelnikova Candidate of Economic Sciences, Junior Researcher (sidelnikovamvl@yandex.ru)

E.V. Borodastova Leading Specialist (borek23@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 18.10.2023, approved after reviewing on 01.11.2023, accepted for publication on 02.11.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-11-35-40

p. 35-40

Original article

Typology of agricultural organizations as subjects of rural local economy

Khetag G. Kibirov1, Elena A. Soskieva2

1, 2 A.A. Nikonovs VIAPI, branch of Federal Scientific Center of Agrarian Economy and Social Development of Rural Areas VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. Agricultural organizations act as key agricultural producers. They account for more than half of the value of agricultural products produced in 2021. Consequently, in the process of analyzing the rural local economy, typologization of agricultural organizations is also necessary. The value of imputed income acts as an indicator by which the ranking of agricultural organizations is carried out. The typologization is based on the method of ranking by multiply increasing intervals of fluctuations in imputed income, since in this case it is possible to obtain a distribution of agricultural organizations close to normal. Within the framework of this study, we have obtained three typological groups of agricultural organizations: farms with low, medium and high income.

Keywords: rural local economy, agricultural organizations, level of imputed income, variation of the trait, statistical distribution

The main provisions:

- based on the amount of imputed income, agricultural organizations can be typologized as follows: 1) farms with a low level of imputed income, 2) farms with a level of imputed income below midsize, 3) farms with a midsized level of imputed income, 4) farms with a level of imputed income above midsize, 5) farms with a high level of imputed income;

- for the period from 2016 to 2021, there is a further trend towards the consolidation of agricultural organizations, which occurs due to the absorption of part of agricultural organizations with average and above average levels of imputed income;

- when developing a system of measures of state support for the activities of agricultural organizations, the most careful attention should be paid to economic entities with low and below midsized levels of imputed income, since they, as a rule, carry out their functioning in the conditions of rural local economy.

 

Information about the authors:

Kh.G. Kibirov Ph.D. (Econ.), Associate Professor, Leading Researcher (h.g.kibirov.viapi@vniiesh.ru)

E.A. Soskieva Ph.D. (Econ.), Associate Professor, Researcher (e.a.soskieva.viapi@vniiesh.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 06.10.2023, approved after reviewing on 11.10.2023, accepted for publication on 12.10.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-11-41-48

p. 41-48

Original article

Evaluation of exchange-distribution relations based on cross-industry comparisons in the agro-industrial complex

Maria F. Tyapkina1, Viktor I. Samarukha2

1 Irkutsk State Agrarian University named after A.A. Ezhevsky, Irkutsk, Russia

2 Baikal State University, Irkutsk, Russia

Abstract. The state provides domestic agricultural producers with support aimed at creating favorable conditions for their functioning, sustainable development of agricultural production, ensuring food security and improving the supply of food to the population, and the food industry with raw materials. With the transition to a new technological order and an orientation towards an innovative development path, this requires huge investments. It should also be taken into account that during the years of reforms, incomes were withdrawn from agriculture through price disparity. It is necessary to create a mechanism of financial support for the modernization of agriculture on the basis of strategic planning, which will ensure sufficient profitability of agricultural producers and restrain intersectoral disparity and rising prices for resources for the agricultural sector of the economy. This is confirmed in the article by calculations using deflator coefficients, which are used by the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia for budget planning and the formation of federal, regional and sectoral strategic planning documents.

Keywords: agro-industrial complex, price disparity, reproduction process, exchange and distribution relations

 

Information about the authors:

M.F. Tyapkina Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Economics and Accounting (mft74@mail.ru )

V.I. Samarukha Doctor of Economics, Professor of the Department of World Economy and Economic Security (oksalsam@mail.ru )

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 15.08.2023, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 25.09.2023, accepted for publication on 02.10.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-11-49-55

p. 49-55

Original article

Formation of a labeling system for ecological and organic food products

Alexander Yu. Pavlov1, Evgeniya V. Burlyukina2

1,2 Penza State Technological University, Penza, Russia

Abstract. The authors analyzed the international and domestic experience of labeling ecological and organic food products. The features of the development of individual segments of the food market in terms of labeling of food products are highlighted. The study of Russian legislation made it possible to distinguish two levels of federal brands of ecological purity of products: Organic (for organic products) and Green standard (for products with improved characteristics). Attention is drawn to the fact that significant costs of producers at the stage of transition from the traditional to the organic model of management hinder the development of the market, since the price of products with improved characteristics cannot be increased until the appropriate labeling is obtained. In this regard, the authors proposed to supplement the labeling system with a special regional sign used during the transition period PRODNAT (natural product). This marking will indicate a higher quality of the regional product and the manufacturers commitment to pass certification for federal brands within a few years.

Keywords: organic products, products with improved characteristics, natural products, federal and regional labeling, greenwashing, graphic sign

Acknowledgements: the research was carried out at the expense of the grant of the Russian Science Foundation No. 22-28-20515, https://rscf.ru/project/22-28-20515 on the basis of Penza State Technological University

 

Information about the authors:

A.Yu. Pavlov Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Economics and Management (crsk@mail.ru)

E.V. Burlyukina Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Economics and Management (burlukina@yandex.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on. 03.10.2023, approved after reviewing on 09.10.2023, accepted for publication on 11.10.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-11-56-60

p. 56-60

Original article

On the impact of planning on agricultural development

Natalia V. Rodnina

Arctic State Agrotechnological University, Yakutsk, Russia

Abstract. The article discusses the issues of planning agricultural development indicators in one of the North Arctic regions. The purpose of the study is to determine the need to change approaches to predictive calculations of indicators of agricultural development, as well as to take into account the factor of innovation as having the greatest impact on the state of the industry. In addition to this, the author proposes to take into account the need for synchronous development of agriculture and rural areas and apply an integrated approach to forecasting. The research was carried out on the basis of economic and statistical methods, analytical and computational algorithms for processing information on the development of agriculture in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).

Keywords: planning, agriculture, Yakutia, Russian Arctic zone, innovation, food self-sufficiency, living standards

 

Information about the author:

N.V. Rodnina Doctor of Economics, Dean of the Faculty of Economics (rodninanv@gmail.com)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 22.09.2023, approved after reviewing on 03.10.2023, accepted for publication on 05.10.2023

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-11-61-67

p. 61-67

Original article

Strategic directions of innovative development food industry in the Siberian Federal District

Olga V. Borisova1, Dmitriy V. Borisov2

1, 2 Siberian Federal Research Center of Agrobiotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Altai Laboratory of Siberian Research Institute of Agricultural Economics, Barnaul, Russia

Abstract. The article discusses the strategic documents of the Russian Federation regulating the innovative development of the food industry in the Siberian Federal District. The purpose of the study is to determine the innovative development of the industry based on the rational use of raw materials, optimal development of the capacities of food and processing enterprises, improvement of commodity strategies of export-oriented enterprises. The assessment of the development of the agricultural raw materials market, the current state of the industry is given. Conclusions are drawn that further innovative development of the industry is impossible without an active industrial policy, the creation of state-owned enterprises in the most significant sub-sectors, and the conduct of multi-vector innovation activities.

Keywords: food industry, innovative development, strategic directions, industrial policy, development programs, Healthy nutrition concept, Siberian Federal District

 

Information about the authors:

O.V. Borisova Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor, Chief Researcher (borisova_ov@bk.ru)

D.V. Borisov Candidate of Economic Sciences, Researcher (borisov_dv@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 23.10.2023, approved after reviewing on 30.10.2023, accepted for publication on 31.10.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-11-68-74

p. 68-74

Original article

Practical aspects of the audit of the effectiveness of the organizations activities as part of the assessment of its investment attractiveness

Irina S. Egorova

Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. In modern conditions, with the increasing information needs of users of accounting (financial) statements, the role of the development of the audit institute is great in terms of the formation of its promising types, one of which is efficiency audit. Moreover, this is not an efficiency audit carried out by the Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation in terms of the efficiency of the use of state resources, but it is an audit of commercial organizations. This article will focus on the features of evaluating the effectiveness of invested capital using its weighted average cost, realized through the WACC indicator.

Keywords: performance audit, WACC, ROA, EVA, investment attractiveness, business continuity, accounting (financial) reporting

 

Information about the author:

I.S. Egorova Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Audit and Corporate Reporting Department (ISEgorova@fa.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 28.09.2023, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 11.10.2023, accepted for publication on 12.10.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-11-75-80

p. 75-80

Original article

The contribution of peasant (farm) households to ensuring Russias food security

Alevtina N. Adukova1, Marina Yu. Kazora2

1,2 VNIOPTUSH is a Branch of the FSBSI FRC AESDRA VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article shows the level of provision of the Russian population with basic food products and their economic accessibility. An analysis of agricultural production by category of farms for 2000-2021 was carried out, for each of them changes in the volumes and share of products received were presented. It is concluded that peasant (farm) households have high sustainability and great potential, the full implementation of which would make it possible to make a significant contribution to solving the problem of food security. Based on the analysis of the activities of peasant (farm) households, the reasons hindering their development have been identified, and proposals have been made to eliminate them.

Keywords: peasant (farm) farms, agriculture, agro-industrial complex, food security, economic efficiency, social efficiency

 

Information about the authors:

A.N. Adukova Doctor of Economics, Professor, Chief Researcher (a.n.adukova@vniiesh.ru)

M.Yu. Kazora Researcher (m.yu.kazora@vniiesh.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 04.10.2023, approved after reviewing on 09.10.2023, accepted for publication on 10.10.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-11-81-85

p. 81-85

Original article

Theoretical and methodological concepts for a smart village development

Oksana D. Falchenko1, Viktor E. Kovalev2

1, 2 Ural State Economic University, Ekaterinburg, Russia

Abstract. The authors systematize the conceptual foundations of a smart village described in Russian and foreign studies. As a result of the analysis, such research concepts as environmental, territorial growth, socio-economic, demographic, sustainable development, innovation-technological, integrated, systemic were identified. A comparative analysis of these concepts is presented.

Keywords: smart village, smart village concept, rural (non-urban) areas

 

Information about the authors:

O.D. Falchenko Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of World Economy and Foreign Economic Activity (falchenko@usue.ru)

V.E. Kovalev Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of World Economy and Foreign Economic Activity (kovalev@usue.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 20.10.2023, approved after reviewing on 31.10.2023, accepted for publication on 02.11.2023.

 

 

p. 86-91

Original article

Development of the structure of Romanian agricultural exports

Vladislav Luchian

Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. Romanias foreign trade in agricultural products has undergone fundamental changes over the past more than thirty years. In a country with a significant agricultural complex, during the period from 1990 to 2021, only five categories of goods (68.7% in agricultural exports) noted a positive contribution to the foreign trade balance of agricultural products: live animals, grains, oilseeds and fruit, industrial and medicinal plants, straw and feed, weaving materials and other products of plant origin, tobacco and its substitutes. The article presents an analysis of the development of the raw material and commodities model of agricultural development and what path Romania has taken in the development of consolidation of the agro-export product range (1990-2021).

Keywords: Romania, agriculture, productivity, export potential, agroexport, supply chains, markets, economic development

 

Information about the author:

V. Luchian Graduate Student (vluchian@eximshow.com)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 28.06.2023, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 29.09.2023, accepted for publication on 03.10.2023.

 

 

p. 92

Rules for article publication

 

 

p. 93

Professor A.V. Tkach celebrates 85 years old