Economy of Agricultural and Processing Enterprises, 2023, No 12

Contents

AGRARIAN ECONOMIC POLICY

Agirbov Yu.I., Ibiev G.Z., Gamidov A.H., Poddymkina L.M. Reserve potential and prospects for improving the efficiency of grain production in the Russian Federation (p. 2-7)

Zhukov N.I. Agrarian space of the Non-Chernozem Region: macroeconomic management on the way to the development of high-tech grain farming in the region (p. 8-14)

AIC ENTERPRISES IN MARKET ECONOMY

Rudnev M.Yu., Vorotnikov I.L., Rozanov A.V. Methodological substantiation of the integrated economic development of beef cattle breeding enterprises (p. 15-19)

Kolotyrin K.P., Nayanov A.V., Sidelnikova M.V., Borodastova E.V. The basic principles of developing an algorithm for the organizational and economic mechanism of a fair wage system for employees of agricultural enterprises (p. 20-25)

Kryuchkov G.G., Providonova N.V. Additional lighting as a factor in increasing the economic efficiency of greenhouse vegetable production (p. 26-31)

REGIONAL ASPECT

Maslova V.V., Zaruk N.F., Silaeva L.P., Avdeev M.V. Formation of the investment potential of agriculture in the regions of the Russian Federation based on cluster analysis (p. 32-38)

Kazibekova N.A., Kislitsky P.M. Typology of regional agricultural systems in Russia (p. 39-41)

INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT

Sklyarov I.Yu., Sklyarova Yu. M., Zaporozhets D.V. Formation of an innovative environment as a necessary factor in the innovative development of the agricultural sector of the economy (p. 42-45)

BUSINESS ENTITIES: PROBLEMS AND PRACTICES

Kovalenko Yu.N., Ulezko A.V. The mechanism of economic interactions: the content of the category and essential characteristics (p. 46-51)

Shkurkin S.I., Zhdanov V.Yu. Organizational models of contract farm production (p. 52-56)

FOOD, RESOURCES AND TECHNICS MARKET

Kovalev V.E., Kilimnik E.V., Lylov A.S. Agro-food security in the regions of Near Asia and Africa in conditions of reduced exports of Russian and Ukrainian wheat (p. 57-61)

Sobolev O.S. Food indices and prices in the 3rd quarter of 2023 in Russia and abroad (p. 62-67)

STAFF TRAINING

Myrksina Yu.A., Chubko O.I., Karataeva A.V. Analysis of the development of digital education in the agricultural sector of Russia (p. 68-71)

ABROAD

Kurdyumov A.V.,Shaybakova L.F., Meshcheryagina V.A. Analysis of experience of state measures to support small and medium-sized businesses of foreign countries (p. 72-75)

RESEARCH BY YOUNG SCIENTISTS

Goverdovskaya M.D. The state and trends in the development of rice farming in the Krasnodar Region (p. 76-82)

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-12-2-7

p. 2-7

Original article

Reserve potential and prospects for improving the efficiency of grain production in the Russian Federation

Yuri I. Agirbov1, Gani Z. Ibiev2, Abdurakhman H. Gamidov3, Lyudmila M. Poddymkina4

1, 2, 3, 4 Russian State Agrarian University MSHA named after K.A. Timiryazev, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The study identifies and examines the process of intensification in grain production as a potential and reserve for increasing the production of grain sub-sector products, prospects for the development of crop production along an intensive path, how the intensification process affects the efficiency of grain production. The main factors that significantly affect the production potential and prospects for the development of grain production in the country are highlighted and justified. The assessment and analysis of the main indicators of cereal crops production, such as: acreage, gross grain harvest, yield of cereals and legumes, are given. The article presents and analyzes promising directions for the development of the crop industry due to the intensification process: chemicalization of grain production by applying organic and mineral fertilizers, gypsum, liming and phosphorization of soils to increase the economic fertility of land. It is shown what role intensification plays in reducing the cost of grain and increasing the profitability of production.

Keywords: reserve potential, intensification, innovative technologies, grain, grain farming, grain production, efficiency of grain production

 

Information about the authors:

Yu.I. Agirbov Doctor of Economics, Professor of the Department of Economics (veteranu@rgau-msha.ru)

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4522-5065

G.Z. Ibiev Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Economics (gibiev@rgau-msha.ru)

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6625-4394

A.H. Gamidov Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Resistance of Materials and Machine Parts (gamidov@rgau-msha.ru)

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4222-3726

L.M. Poddymkina Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Plant Protection (poddimkina@rgau-msha.ru)

https://orsid.org/0000-0002-7552-3696

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 11.10.2023, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 13.11.2023, accepted for publication on 15.11.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-12-8-14

p. 8-14

Original article

Agrarian space of the Non-Chernozem Region: macroeconomic management on the way to the development of high-tech grain farming in the region

Nikolay I. Zhukov

Federal Scientific Center for Agrarian Economics and Social Development of Rural Areas VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The functioning of the grain industry is based on the combined use of biological, economic and spatial (territorial) resources, which, combined with heterogeneous natural soil fertility and remoteness from sales markets, create a complex system of interaction characteristic of the macro-regions of the Non-Chernozem zone of the Russian Federation. Among them, the Central macroregion with a capacious grain market is distinguished by the greatest agricultural potential, but with low self-sufficiency in land resources, as well as their insufficient natural fertility. This together causes a shortage of grain production here, amounting to almost two thirds of the demand. To reduce such an imbalance in grain consumption with its own production, it is necessary to use the latest achievements in breeding, seed production, technologies and equipment, which, along with investment investments, will increase the self-sufficiency of grain in the Central macro-region of the Non-Chernozem zone.

Keywords: agricultural space, land rent, grain farming, self-sufficiency in grain, macroeconomic management, Non-Chernozem zone of the Russian Federation, production potential, Central Non-Chernozem region

 

Information about the author:

N.I. Zhukov Doctor of Economic Sciences, Leading Researcher (chukbal@yandex.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 18.10.2023, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 28.11.2023, accepted for publication on 30.11.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-12-15-19

p. 15-19

Original article

Methodological substantiation of the integrated economic development of beef cattle breeding enterprises

Maxim Yu. Rudnev1, Igor L. Vorotnikov2, Alexander V. Rozanov3

1, 3 Vavilov University, Saratov, Russia

2 Nizhny Novgorod State Agro-Technological University, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia

Abstract. The article presents an expert assessment of the potential of integrated development of beef cattle breeding enterprises. The key indicators forming the potential of integrated development are given. The subjective expert assessment of the integral indicator of the integrated development potential of the meat cattle breeding enterprise is considered. The mathematical model of the optimal project of integrated development at the enterprise for the cultivation of beef cattle is presented. This model is considered on the example of enterprises for the cultivation of cattle in the meat production area. The given objective function of integrated development is aimed at the socio-ecological and economic development of beef cattle breeding enterprises.

Keywords: beef cattle breeding, integrated development, potential, mathematical model, economic efficiency

 

Information about the authors:

M.Yu. Rudnev Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department Project management and foreign economic activity in agriculture(rudnevmu@yandex.ru)

I.L. Vorotnikov Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Rector of the University (ilvorotnikov@bk.ru)

A.V. Rozanov Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department Digital Process Management in Agriculture (arosanov@yandex.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 29.05.2023, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 27.10.2023, accepted for publication on 08.11.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-12-20-25

p. 20-25

Original article

The basic principles of developing an algorithm for the organizational and economic mechanism of a fair wage system for employees of agricultural enterprises

Konstantin P. Kolotyrin1, Alexander V. Nayanov2, Margarita V. Sidelnikova3, Ekaterina V. Borodastova4

1, 2, 3, 4 Saratov State University of genetics, biotechnology and engineering named after N.I. Vavilov, Saratov, Russia

Abstract. The article analyzes the current situation in the agro-industrial complex of the Russian Federation, identifies problems and factors that negatively affect the pace of development of agricultural enterprises and suggests measures to eliminate them. The basic principles of developing an algorithm for constructing an organizational and economic mechanism of a fair wage system and the stages of implementing this mechanism at enterprises are presented. The influence of the organizational and economic mechanism of a fair wage system on the performance and profitability of enterprises in conditions of fierce competition is determined.

Keywords: remuneration, organizational and economic mechanism, efficiency, agriculture, motivation

Gratitude. The research was carried out within the framework of the RNF grant No. 22-28-02046.

 

Information about the authors:

K.P. Kolotyrin Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department Project management and foreign economic activity in the agro-industrial complex, Professor (kpk75@mail.ru)

A.V. Nayanov Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department Project management and foreign economic activity in the agro-industrial complex (nayanovav@yandex.ru)

M.V. Sidelnikova Candidate of Economic Sciences, Junior Researcher (sidelnikovamvl@yandex.ru)

E.V. Borodastova Leading Specialist (borek23@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 03.11.2023, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 28.11.2023, accepted for publication on 29.11.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-12-26-31

p. 26-31

Original article

Additional lighting as a factor in increasing the economic efficiency of greenhouse vegetable production

Gennadij G. Kryuchkov1, Natalia V. Providonova2

1 Povolzhskiy Scientific Research Institute of Economic and Organization of Agroindustrial Complex Subdivision of the FSBRI Saratov Federal Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Saratov, Russia

2 St. Petersburg State Transport University of Emperor Alexander I, Saint Petersburg, Russia

Abstract. Due to the imposition of sanctions against Russia, domestic agriculture is faced with the urgent task of providing the population with high-quality food of its own production, reducing the countrys dependence on imported supplies. Particular importance should be given to the development of a vegetable-growing subcomplex that provides the population with fresh vegetables and processed products throughout the year. The authors analyzed the state of the Russian vegetable growing industry. Using the example of the Saratov region, it was revealed that despite the good material and technical base and the level of infrastructure development in greenhouse vegetable growing, one of the main problems of producers of vegetables of protected soil is unstable yields. Yield volatility leads to an insufficient volume of output, which causes significant financial losses for agricultural producers. The key to solving this problem may be modern additional lighting systems, the use of which will help to stabilize the yield of cultivated crops and improve product quality. The article presents the comparative characteristics of greenhouse lamps, as well as the calculation of the economic efficiency of their implementation.

Keywords: greenhouse vegetable growing, production, yield, efficiency, additional lighting systems

 

Information about the authors:

G.G. Kryuchkov Researcher at the Department of Land Relations Development in Agriculture (djoker2333@randex.ru)

SPIN 6018-2480; Author ID 791594; ORCID 0000-0002-3174-485X; Web of Science AAZ-4687-2020; Scopus 57215872941

N.V. Providonova Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of Accounting and Auditing Department (providonova@yandex.ru)

SPIN 6073-4136; ORCID 0000-0002-3027-3419

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 04.10.2023, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 26.10.2023, accepted for publication on 31.10.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-12-32-38

p. 32-38

Original article

Formation of the investment potential of agriculture in the regions of the Russian Federation based on cluster analysis

Vlada V. Maslova1, Natalya F. Zaruk2, Lidia P. Silaeva3, Mikhail V. Avdeev4

1, 2, 3, 4 Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution Federal Research Center of Agrarian Economy and Social Development of Rural Areas All-Russian Research Institute of Agricultural Economics, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article presents the assessment of the investment potential of agriculture in the regions of the Russian Federation based on the cluster analysis using the system of indicators characterizing the level of development of production, labor, consumer, infrastructure and financial potentials. The study was carried out in four stages: the development of the system of indicators characterizing the level of development of investment potential components; formation of enlarged components using factor analysis to identify groups of regions based on selected indicators; using cluster analysis to identify groups of regions (clusters) that are differentiated by the conditions of investment potential formation; characteristics of clusters based on a system of indicators that form investment potential in order to identify regions with the closest conditions for its formation. The methodology allowed us to identify 7 groups of regions of the country with similar parameters of investment attractiveness. This approach can be used to improve the measures of the state agrarian investment policy.

Keywords: investments, investment attractiveness, investment potential, agriculture, cluster analysis, subjects of the Russian Federation

 

Information about the authors:

V.V. Maslova Dr. Sci. (Econ.), Prof. RAS, Head of the Department for the Study of Price and Financial-Credit Relations in the AIC (maslova.ec-fin@vniiesh.ru)

N.F. Zaruk Dr. Sci. (Econ.), Prof., Chief Researcher (zaruk.ec-fin@vniiesh.ru)

L.P. Silaeva Dr. Sci. (Econ.), Prof., Chief Researcher (silaeva.prognos@vniiesh.ru)

M.V. Avdeev Ph. D (Econ.), Leading Researcher (avdeev.ec-fin@vniiesh.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 07.11.2023, approved after reviewing on 14.11.2023, accepted for publication on 16.11.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-12-39-41

p. 39-41

Original article

Typology of regional agricultural systems in Russia

Naida A. Kazibekova1, Pavel M. Kislitsky2

1, 2 Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Russia

Abstract. The modern conditions for the functioning of the Russian agro-industrial complex, due to both objective and subjective reasons, require improvement of adaptation and management mechanisms. The consequences of the coronavirus crisis have created a demand for transformation of the food security system. The regional level of management has the potential to overcome existing challenges and threats and solve emerging problems in the Russian agro-industrial complex. The transformation of regional agricultural systems requires comprehension both from the standpoint of an institutional approach and a theoretical and methodological one. The purpose of the study is to improve the theoretical principles of the functioning of regional agro-industrial complex systems by developing their typology. The article presents the scientific views of leading Russian scientists, as well as the results of their own research.

Keywords: agro-industrial complex, region, system, type, production, rural areas, approach

 

Information about the authors:

N.A. Kazibekova Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Socio-Humanitarian Disciplines (naid_econom@mail.ru)

P.M. Kislitsky Postgraduate student of the Department of Socio-Humanitarian Disciplines (p.kislitskiy@gmail.com)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 09.11.2023, approved after reviewing on 14.11.2023, accepted for publication on 16.11.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-12-42-45

p. 42-45

Original article

Formation of an innovative environment as a necessary factor in the innovative development of the agricultural sector of the economy

Igor Yu. Sklyarov1, Yulia M. Sklyarova2, Dmitry V. Zaporozhets3

1, 2 Stavropol State Agrarian University, Stavropol, Russia

3 National Research University Higher School of Economics, Institute of Agrarian Research, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. Within the framework of the countrys innovative development model currently being formed, the dominant direction of the economy is the formation of innovation and investment potential and an innovative environment. These processes are particularly clearly reflected in agriculture, where the development of a holistic concept for ensuring investment in the innovative activities of agricultural organizations is of particular importance. The formation of an integral, strategically oriented innovation and investment process determines the futility of investment in obsolete technologies in favor of intensifying Russias innovative transition to a new technological structure. The purpose of this study is to analyze trends in the formation of an innovative environment in the agricultural sector of the economy, in order to determine the prospects for further increasing the innovative potential of the industry. During the research process, statistical, monographic, calculation-constructive, analysis, synthesis, economic-mathematical and other general scientific methods were used. The analysis made it possible to identify problem areas in the formation of an innovation environment and identify conceptual directions for its development.

Keywords: agricultural sector of the economy, innovation, innovation environment, scientific support

 

Information about the authors:

I.Yu. Sklyarov Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Vice-Rector for Academic Affairs (isklyarov@yandex.ru)

ORCID: 0000-0003-3712-4544

Yu.M. Sklyarova Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Financial Management and Banking (isklyarov@yandex.ru)

ORCID: 0000-0002-6192-3189

D.V. Zaporozhets Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Researcher (dzaporozhets@hse.ru)

ORCID: 0000-0001-5650-4580

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 14.11.2023, approved after reviewing on 20.11.2023, accepted for publication on 22.11.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-12-46-51

p. 46-51

Original article

The mechanism of economic interactions: the content of the category and essential characteristics

Yulia N. Kovalenko1, Andrey V. Ulezko2

1 Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russia

2 Research Institute of Economics and Organization of Agro-Industrial Complex of the Central Chernozem Region Branch of Voronezh Federal Agricultural Scientific Centre named after V.V. Dokuchaev, Voronezh, Russia

Abstract. The mechanism of economic interactions is represented by mechanisms of three main types: vertical, horizontal and network interactions. The essence of these types of interaction mechanisms, the features of their organization and formation are demonstrated. The mechanism of vertical interactions implies the presence of a certain center that determines the rules of the game within the boundaries of the economic space it controls. This type of mechanisms includes, for example, the mechanism of interaction between the state and economic entities, the mechanism of interaction between management companies and various subdivisions in holding-type structures. The mechanism of horizontal interactions is focused on the initiation and maintenance of intersystem and intrasystem interactions. Also there are the issues of organizing interpersonal interactions of individuals acting as independent economic entities in the sphere of influence of this mechanism. The mechanism of network interactions ensures the formation of network communities of an open type, within which there is a trusting cooperation of heterogeneous entities that share the values of these communities and are ready to interact with each other in order to achieve common interests within the framework of formal and informal ties with different levels of scale, intensity and frequency of transactions. As the essential characteristics of these mechanisms, the following are distinguished: the predominant direction of influences, the presence of entities that implement the functions of management, regulation and coordination, the predominant type of interactions, economic spaces within which interactions are organized, the functions of mechanisms.

Keywords: economic interactions, interaction subjects, inter-subject interactions, interaction mechanism, essential characteristics

 

Information about the authors:

Yu.N. Kovalenko Candidate of Economic Sciences, assistant professor Academic Department of Financial control, analysis and audit of the office of the Controller General of Moscow (yuliya.severina@gmail.com)

A.V. Ulezko Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Chief Research Scientist (arle187@rambler.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 16.10.2023, approved after reviewing on 07.11.2023, accepted for publication on 10.11.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-12-52-56

p. 52-56

Original article

Organizational models of contract farm production

Sergey I. Shkurkin1, Vasiliy Yu. Zhdanov2

1, 2 D.N. Pryanishnikov Research Institute of Agrochemistry, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. One of the disadvantages of traditional approaches to stimulating entrepreneurial activity in agriculture is the unresolved issue related to the sale of products, which limits the sustainable development of small businesses in this area. The strategy of contract production can become an effective tool for solving the issue of product sales. . It allows businesses to focus on their core competencies, manufacturing and improving the quality of their products. The article discusses three main models of contract farming depending on the supplier of resources. These models are universal for different markets and regions. Alternative models of contract farming are also presented, such as: centralized, a model with a main field, a multilateral model, an informal model, and an intermediary model. The organizational mechanism of interaction in each of them is determined. Based on the results of the analysis of foreign and Russian contract companies, the peculiarities in their business models are highlighted. The specific features of the contract agreement between farmers and the customer company are indicated. A list of advantages and disadvantages of contractual relations has been compiled for both the farmer and the customer.

Keywords: contract farming, models of contract farming, agribusiness, business models of contract production, advantages and disadvantages

Highlights: the integration of farmers into modern industrial chains with customer companies gives them the opportunity to receive technical assistance, guaranteed sales markets, as well as resources, which ultimately allows even small farms to make a profit.

 

Information about the authors:

S.I. Shkurkin Candidate of Law Sciences, Director of the Institute (info@vniia-pr.ru)

V.Yu. Zhdanov PhD in Economics, Researcher (vasilii.zhdanov@gmail.com)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 27.11.2023, approved after reviewing on 30.11.2023, accepted for publication on 01.12.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-12-57-61

p. 57-61

Original article

Agro-food security in the regions of Near Asia and Africa in conditions of reduced exports of Russian and Ukrainian wheat

Viktor E. Kovalev1, Evgeny V. Kilimnik2, Anton S. Lylov3

1, 3 Ural State Economic University, Ekaterinburg, Russia

2 Ural Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, Ekaterinburg, Russia

Abstract. The article notes that Russian and Ukrainian grain exports account for more than a quarter of the total volume of wheat on the world market. Due to the acute armed political conflict, wheat exports from Russia and Ukraine fell sharply. The result revealed that a decrease in world wheat trade by only 1 percent could increase exporters prices for wheat by 1.1 percent. It was determined that an increase in the pricing policy of producers by 1 percent can reduce wheat consumption by 0.59 percent. A decrease in wheat exports from Russia and Ukraine may worsen the situation with shortages of food products in the countries of the Middle East and Africa. To increase their regional food security, developing countries must, as part of strengthening state food policy, expand domestic wheat production using the latest technologies and additional investments in agricultural development.

Keywords: world food security, threats, grain production, wheat, exports and imports, consumption, Near Asia and Africa regions, conflict, Russia, Ukraine

 

Information about the authors:

V.E. Kovalev Doctor of Economics, Professor of the Department of World Economy and Foreign Economic Activity (vicko@yandex.ru)

E.V. Kilimnik Professor of the Department of Philosophy, Psychology and Humanities (kilimnik_06@mail.ru)

A.S. Lylov Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Competition Law and Antimonopoly Regulation (las@usue.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 01.11.2023, approved after reviewing on 08.11.2023, accepted for publication on 10.11.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-12-62-67

p. 62-67

Original article

Food indices and prices in the 3rd quarter of 2023 in Russia and abroad

Oleg S. Sobolev

VIAPI named after A.A. Nikonov is a branch of the Federal Scientific Center for Agrarian Economics and Social Development of Rural Areas VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article derives the formula of the multiple consumer price index (CPI) from the geometric Laspeyres index. An economic analysis of producer prices in the grain, milk and meat markets in Russia, the EU and the USA is presented. There was an undiminished increase in domestic bread prices, an increase in the FAO CPI for sugar and a seasonal decrease in grain prices on the world market in the 3rd quarter. Milk production in Russia, the EU and the USA for 9 months of 2023 is compared.

Keywords: multiple index, the FAO Consumer Price Index (CPI), food prices, an increase in the FAO sugar price index, an increase in domestic retail prices for chicken and pork

 

Information about the author:

O.S. Sobolev PhD (Engineering), Leading Researcher (oleg209sob@viapi.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 07.11.2023, approved after reviewing on 20.11.2023, accepted for publication on 22.11.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-12-68-71

p. 68-71

Original article

Analysis of the development of digital education in the agricultural sector of Russia

Yulia A. Myrksina1, Olga I. Chubko2, Alexandra V. Karataeva3

1, 2, 3Russian State Agrarian University - MSHA named after K.A. Timiryazev, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article discusses the aspects of development of digital education in the agricultural sector of Russia. The trends in the formation of the digital ecosystem of domestic education are presented and analyzed, and the problems of digital education in agricultural universities are formulated. The results obtained prove that digital education not only shapes the educational ecosystem, but also determines the vector of training for future specialists.

Key words: digital education, agricultural sector, workforce of the future, artificial intelligence, competencies, intellectual migration

 

Information about the authors:

Yu.A. Myrksina Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Scientific Supervisor (myrksina@rgau-msha.ru)

O.I. Chubko 1st year masters student (olganazar16071999@gmail.com)

A.V. Karataeva 3rd year bachelor (alkarataewa@yandex.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 01.11.2023, approved after reviewing on 08.11.2023, accepted for publication on 10.11.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-12-72-75

p. 72-75

Original article

Analysis of experience of state measures to support small and medium-sized businesses of foreign countries

Aleksander V.Kurdyumov1, Lyudmila F. Shaybakova2, Veronica A. Meshcheryagina3

1,2,3 Ural State Economic University, Ekaterinburg, Russia

Abstract. The article examines the experience of state measures to support economic entities of small and medium-sized businesses of foreign countries: USA, Great Britain, Germany, France, Japan and China. The authors analyzed state measures to support small and medium-sized businesses of foreign countries in similar economic and political development conditions with the Russian Federation for the period 2021-2022. Particular attention is paid to the study of support in the field of agriculture. The conclusion was formulated about the impossibility of achieving positive dynamics of indicators of development of small and medium-sized businesses without state support.

Keywords: state support, support measures, small and medium-sized businesses, an economic entity, leading countries, agriculture

 

Information about the authors:

A.V. Kurdyumov Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Competition Law and Antitrust Regulation (kurdyumov@usue.ru)

L.F. Shaybakova Doctor of Economics, Professor, Professor of the Department of Competition Law and Antitrust Regulation (econlaw@mail.ru)

V.A. Meshcheryagina Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Constitutional and International Law (metsheryagina@yandex.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 08.11.2023, approved after reviewing on 14.11.2023, accepted for publication on 16.11.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-12-76-82

p. 76-82

Original article

The state and trends in the development of rice farming in the Krasnodar Region

Maria D. Goverdovskaya

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education State University of Land Use Planning, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article is devoted to the analysis of the state and trends in the development of rice cultivation in the Krasnodar Territory from the standpoint of environmentally safe production. Based on the current trend, it presents a forecast of yield, acreage and gross rice harvest for the period up to 2035. It has been established that the yield of rice in the Krasnodar Territory is steadily growing, but the presented dynamics of changes in acreage and gross rice harvest indicate the insufficient effectiveness of the applied technology of cultivation of this crop, based on the introduction of high doses of mineral fertilizers. The presented forecast of the growth of the volumes of applied mineral fertilizers indicates their enormous increase with a rapid decrease in the proportion of humus and deterioration of the environmental situation. To change the current practice, the article proposes the use of an ecosystem approach as a conceptual basis for the organization of land use in rice-growing areas. This approach is based on resource-saving technologies and the use of moderate, environmentally and economically justified doses of mineral fertilizers.

Keywords: development of rice farming, yield, acreage, gross harvest, humus, forecast, trend line, Krasnodar Territory

 

Information about the author:

M.D. Goverdovskaya Postgraduate Student (shagina-95@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 18.08.2023, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 16.10.2023, accepted for publication on 23.10.2023.