Economy of Agricultural and Processing Enterprises, 2023, No 1

Contents

AGRARIAN ECONOMIC POLICY

Uzun V.Ya. Government food price restrictions: mechanisms, results, alternatives (p. 2-9)

Golubev A.V. Reserves for improving the efficiency of agriculture (p. 10-15)

REGIONAL ASPECT

Chepeleva K.V., Shelkovnikov S.A., Ovsyanko L.A. Economic efficiency and prospects for the development of oilseed production in the Krasnoyarsk Territory (p. 16-25)

Galsanova B.S., Gomboeva A.N., Itygilova E.Yu. Analysis of the state of dairy farming in the Republic of Buryatia (p. 26-30)

Vasilyeva L.F., Nazarova S.A. The state and dynamics of agricultural development in the Krasnodar Territory (p. 31-34)

INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT

Sinelnikov I.Yu. Formation of the information and digital infrastructure of the Russian agro-industrial complex (p. 35-42)

CO-OPERATION AND INTEGRATION IN AIC

Zhilina E.V., Nikitina A.A., Buranbaeva L.Z. The role of consumer cooperation for ensuring food security in the regions of the Russian Federation (p. 43-48)

FOOD, RESOURCES AND TECHNICS MARKET

Sobolev O.S. Weather conditions and food prices in the 3rd quarter of 2022 (p. 49-54)

RESEARCH BY YOUNG SCIENTISTS

Zubkova L.A., Cherenkova S.A., Zubkova Yu.V. Consumer habits and food losses as a case study of the behavior of schoolchildren and students in the canteens of educational establishments (p. 55-61)

INFORMATION

In memory of Professor E.P. Chirkov (obituary) (p. 62)

Chinarov V.I. Scientific and personnel potential of the livestock economy. The Economic Research Unit of the All-Russian Institute of Animal Husbandry is 80 years old (p. 63-64)

CONGRATULATIONS

Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences I.G. Ushachev is 85 years old (3rd p. of the cover)

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-1-2-9

p. 2-9

Original article

JEL: E65, L42, Q11, Q18.

Government food price restrictions: mechanisms, results, alternatives

Vasiliy Ya. Uzun

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. On December 2020 the Government of the Russian Federation launched measures to limit the maximum level of prices for sugar and sunflower oil. They were established on the basis of agreements between the Government of the Russian Federation, major manufacturers and retail chains. Decisions were made on an emergency basis. This paper analyzes the legislative basis of the decisions made, the mechanisms of regulation and their consequences. The study revealed problems in setting and observing maximum prices: flaws in the legal framework for imposing price restrictions and agreements between the government and business entities, difficulties in choosing business entities and regions for signing agreements, insufficient opportunities for signatories to implement agreements, difficulties in monitoring the implementation of agreements and evaluating the effectiveness of the introduction of marginal prices. Based on the results of the study, it was concluded that the experiment with limiting the maximum level of wholesale and retail prices for socially significant food products did not yield positive results and alternative options are needed to reduce the volatility of food prices.

Keywords: price regulation, socially significant food products, maximum allowable wholesale and retail prices, cartel agreement

 

Information about the author:

V.Ya. Uzun Doctor of Economics, Professor, Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation, Chief Researcher of the Center for Agri-Food Policy of the Institute of Applied Economic Research of the RANEPA (uzun@ranepa.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 15.11.2022, approved after reviewing on 05.12.2022, accepted for publication on 07.12.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-1-10-15

p. 10-15

Original article

Reserves for improving the efficiency of agriculture

Aleksey V. Golubev

VIAPI named after A.A. Nikonov is a branch of the Federal Scientific Center for Agrarian Economics and Social Development of Rural Territories VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. With the positive dynamics of development over the past decade and a half, Russian agriculture still has huge reserves for further growth. This applies both to intensive development by increasing crop yields and animal productivity, and extensive - by returning previously abandoned lands to circulation. Moreover, many reserves are associated not only with financial support, but also with the creation of formal and informal institutions that largely determine the effectiveness of agricultural production and the success of rural development. At the same time, the level of competence of the management is important, on which the rational use of numerous resources in agriculture largely depends, which often does not require significant funds.

Keywords: agriculture, growth reserves, management, competence, efficiency

 

Information about the author:

A.V. Golubev Doctor of Economics, Professor, Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation, Chief Researcher (avgolubev@viapi.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 21.09.2022, approved after reviewing on 18.10.2022, accepted for publication on 20.10.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-1-16-25

p. 16-25

Original article

Economic efficiency and prospects for the development of oilseed production in the Krasnoyarsk Territory

Kristina V. Chepeleva1, Sergey A. Shelkovnikov2, Lidia A. Ovsyanko3

1,3Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia

2Novosibirsk State Agrarian University, Novosibirsk, Russia

Abstract. In the current conditions, oilseeds and their processed products are profitable and in-demand goods on the markets, and this situation will continue in the medium term. In the Krasnoyarsk Territory, there is a positive trend in the acreage of oilseeds, the region occupies a leading position in the Siberian Federal District in terms of the gross harvest of spring rapeseed, the share of these crops in the revenue structure of agricultural organizations is increasing. At the same time, the Krasnoyarsk Territory has a lower profitability of oilseed production compared to other regions of the Siberian Federal District. The main problems of the fatand-oil subcomplex of the agro-industrial complex of the region are, on the one hand, a significant shortage of processing capacities, and on the other hand, the underutilization of existing ones. As a result, most of the oilseed crop is sold both in other regions of Russia and abroad. To solve the problems, the article proposes a scenario for expanding the raw material base by increasing the sowing of oilseeds, as well as increasing the industrial production of products of the fat-and-oil subcomplex of the agro-industrial complex in the region. The implementation of investment projects for the development of the fat-and-oil subcomplex in the region will have a significant socio-economic effect.

Keywords: oilseed crops, oilseed production, oil and fat subcomplex, agro-industrial complex, economic efficiency, profitability, export, potential, Krasnoyarsk Territory

Acknowledgements: the project Efficiency of application of various types of taxation systems by agricultural organizations of the Krasnoyarsk Territory was implemented with the support of the Krasnoyarsk Regional Science Foundation.

 

Information about the authors:

K.V. Chepeleva Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor (kristychepeleva@mail.ru)

S.A. Shelkovnikov Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor (shelkovnikov1@rambler.ru)

L.A. Ovsyanko Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor (lidiya-ovs@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 10.10.2022, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 19.12.2022, accepted for publication on 20.12.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-1-26-30

p. 26-30

Original article

Analysis of the state of dairy farming in the Republic of Buryatia

Bairma S. Galsanova1, Alla N. Gomboeva2, Elena Yu. Itygilova3

1Chukotka Branch of the North-Eastern Federal University named after M.K. Ammosov

2,3FGBOU HE Buryat State Agricultural Academy named after V.R. Philippov

Abstract. The leading branch of agriculture of the Republic of Buryatia is animal husbandry. The article considers the current state of dairy husbandry of the Republic of Buryatia and the prospects for the development of this industry. The structure of cattle and cows by farm category, milk production dynamics, cow productivity is presented, the level of availability of breeding mother stock is studied.

Keywords: dairy farming, intensification, structure, productivity, security, dynamics, Buryatia

 

Information about the authors:

B.S. Galsanova PhD (Economics) (galsanova@mail.ru)

A.N. Gomboeva PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (allanicol@yandex.ru)

E.Yu. Itygilova PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (e_itygilova@inbox.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 21.10.2022, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 29.11.2022, accepted for publication on 05.12.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-1-31-34

p. 31-34

Original article

The state and dynamics of agricultural development in the Krasnodar Territory

Lorina F. Vasilyeva1, Svetlana A. Nazarova2

1,2Krasnodar branch of Financial University under Government of the Russian Federation, Krasnodar, Russia

Abstract. The article analyzes the state and dynamics of development in the modern period of agriculture in the Krasnodar Territory, which occupies a leading position in this industry in the country. The dynamics of the volume of production and the index of agricultural production, the balanced financial result profit for the agro-industrial complex of the region as a whole are studied. The dynamics and structure of grain exports from the region have been studied. Federal and regional agricultural support programs are considered. In general, according to the results of the analysis, there are good results of the development of agriculture in the Krasnodar Territory in recent years, especially in 2022.

Keywords: agriculture, agro-industrial complex, status, dynamics of development, grain products, export, Krasnodar Territory

 

Information about the authors:

L.F. Vasilyeva Professor of the Department of Economics and Finance, Doctor of Economics (lorinav@bk.ru)

S.A. Nazarova 5th year student (svetla90.00@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 24.10.2022, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 30.11.2022, accepted for publication on 05.12.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-1-35-42

p. 35-42

Original article

Formation of the information and digital infrastructure of the Russian agro-industrial complex

Igor Yu. Sinelnikov

Academy of Social Management, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article is devoted to one of the topical issues of economic modernization of Russia the process of formation of the digital infrastructure of the agricultural industry. The author identify the features of the digital transformation of the agro-industrial complex infrastructure; identify the circumstances that make it difficult to objectively measure and evaluate the results of digitalization; provide up-to-date data on the state and prospects of the introduction of technical and technological innovations in the agricultural sector.

Keywords: agro-industrial complex, digital infrastructure, digitalization, digital agriculture, digital transformation

 

Information about the author:

I.Yu. Sinelnikov Leading Researcher of the Expert-Analytical Department (siu1104@yandex.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 29.08.2022, approved after reviewing on 10.10.2022, accepted for publication on 17.10.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-1-43-48

p. 43-48

Original article

The role of consumer cooperation for ensuring food security in the regions of the Russian Federation

Ekaterina V. Zhilina1, Angelika A. Nikitina2, Liliya Z. Buranbaeva3

1,2Bashkir State University, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation

3Bashkir Academy of Public Administration and Service under the Head of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation

Abstract. Consumer cooperatives do not always use the possible potential of the region for their development. The success of the development of the cooperative largely depends on support from the state. Also, with an increase in production volumes by households by 3.7%, the volume of purchases from consumer cooperation is reduced by 8.5%. The novelty of the study is the results obtained on the potential of the purchasing and marketing activities of consumer cooperatives.

Keywords: consumer cooperation, households, food security, sustainable development of territories, purchasing and marketing activities

 

Information about the authors:

E.V. Zhilina Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Economic and Legal Security (Ekaterina-zhilina@inbox.ru) ORCID id: 0000-0002-2626-5854

A.A. Nikitina Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Economic and Legal Security (aa_nikitina@mail.ru) ORCID id: 0000-0001-6620-5285

L.Z. Buranbaeva Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Economic Theory and Socio-Economic Policy (blz05101969@mail.ru) ORCID id: 0000-0002-0938-0033

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 30.05.2022, approved after reviewing on 06.07.2022, accepted for publication on 12.07.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-1-49-54

p. 49-54

Original article

Weather conditions and food prices in the 3rd quarter of 2022

Oleg S. Sobolev

VIAPI named after A.A. Nikonov is a branch of the Federal Scientific Center for Agrarian Economics and Social Development of Rural Territories VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The influence of drought on the grain harvest in the Russian Federation is analyzed. The quarterly statistics of the excess of domestic producer prices over world prices on the milk and sugar market are given. Producer prices for grain, milk, meat and sugar in Russia, the EU, and the USA in the 3rd quarter of 2022 are compared. There was a slowdown in food and general inflation in Russia in the 3rd quarter compared to the 2nd quarter.

Keywords: weather conditions, climatic changes, drought, producer prices for agricultural raw materials, slowing inflation, record grain harvest in the Russian Federation

 

Information about the author:

O.S. Sobolev PhD (Engineering), Leading Researcher (oleg209sob@viapi.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 28.11.2022, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 19.12.2022, accepted for publication on 20.12.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-1-55-61

p. 55-61

Original article

Consumer habits and food losses as a case study of the behavior of schoolchildren and students in the canteens of educational establishments

Lada A. Zubkova1, Svetlana A. Cherenkova2, Yulia V. Zubkova3

1,2The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), Moscow, Russia

3Federal Scientific Center for Agrarian Economics and Social Development of Rural Territories VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. This study aims to identify the consumer habits of people and their level of awareness in the matters of food loss and food waste. As a part of the study, peoples behavior monitoring in canteens of educational establishments was carried out during the lunch break: at school for 5 days and in a university for 10 days. Thus, the size of food waste was recorded for each component of the lunch, as a percentage of a full serving as well as in weight equivalent. The data obtained were expanded and supplemented by interviewing 536 students and schoolchildren. As a result of the poll, data were obtained on the eating habits and preferences of visitors of catering places in universities and schools, also the respondents awareness level of their own food waste and food left by others was assessed.

Keywords: food security, food losses and food waste, food product, public catering

 

Information about the authors:

L.A. Zubkova Student

S.A. Cherenkova Student

Yu.V. Zubkova Researcher (zuv.ciitei@vniiesh.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 22.11.2022, approved after reviewing on 30.11.2022, accepted for publication on 05.12.2022

 

 

p. 62

In memory of Professor E.P. Chirkov (obituary)

 

 

p. 63-64

 

Scientific and personnel potential of the livestock economy. The Economic Research Unit of the All-Russian Institute of Animal Husbandry is 80 years old

Vladimir I. Chinarov

Federal Research Center for Animal Husbandry named after Academy Member L.K. Ernst, Dubrovitsy, Moscow region, Russia

 

Information about the author:

Chinarov V.I. Doctor of Economics,, Head of the Laboratory of Economics and Organization of Animal Husbandry (vchinarov@yandex.ru)

 

 

p. 65

Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences I.G. Ushachev is 85 years old