Economy of Agricultural and Processing Enterprises, 2023, No 2

Contents

AGRARIAN ECONOMIC POLICY

Semin A.N., Bukhtiyarova T.I., Mikhailyuk O.N., Baturina I.N. Methodological approaches to the formation of a system for managing the profitability of the agroecosystem and rural areas (p. 2-7)

AIC ENTERPRISES IN MARKET ECONOMY

Nechaev V.I., Poddubniy N.A. State support as the main tool of technological modernization of the domestic agro-industrial complex (p. 8-13)

Shalaev L.V. Balance of grain resources of Russia: optimistic scenario, trends, prospects (p. 14-20)

REGIONAL ASPECT

Sannikova M.O., Providonova N.V. Assessment of the level and potential of innovative technical and technological development of grain production in the regions of the Volga Federal District (p. 21-26)

INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT

Chirkov E.P. , Babyak M.A., Dyachenko O.V., Dyachenko V.V. Realization of achievements of scientific and technological progress in feed production as a factor of increasing its efficiency (p. 27-32)

BUSINESS ACCOUNTING AND AUDIT

Khairullina O.I. Accounting for the costs of repairing agricultural machinery: the practice of applying new standards (p. 33-38)

FINANCES AND CREDIT

Mazloev V.Z., Fiapshev A.B., Kumekhov K.K. Bank credit and its role in real investments of non-financial organizations in conditions of macroeconomic instability and regional differentiation (p. 39-48)

COOPERATION AND INTEGRATION IN AIC

Oborin M.S. Potential of agro-industrial clusters for the production of competitive products (p. 49-55)

ABROAD

Gataulina E.A. Small business in Canadas rural local economy (p. 56-62)

NEW BOOKS

Semin A.N. Book review: Bashmachnikov V.F. et al. Family-type farming: potency, development practice (p. 63-64)

CONGRATULATIONS

Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences A.F. Serkov is 90 years old (3rd p. of the cover)

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-2-2-7

p. 2-7

Original article

Methodological approaches to the formation of a system for managing the profitability of the agroecosystem and rural areas

Alexander N. Semin1, Tatyana I. Bukhtiyarova2, Oksana N. Mikhailyuk3, Irina N. Baturina4

1Ural State University of Economics, Yekaterinburg, Russia

2Chelyabinsk Branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Chelyabinsk, Russia

3Ural State Mining University, Yekaterinburg, Russia

4Kurgan State University, Kurgan, Russia

Abstract. The article analyzes various theoretical positions and scientific approaches to the formation of a system for managing the profitability of an agroecosystem and rural areas. An algorithm for studying the profitability management system in the agricultural sector and rural areas is proposed. An integrated scheme for managing the profitability of the agro-industrial complex and rural areas has been developed. The generalization of scientific theories of economic efficiency and reliability of the system for managing the profitability of the agroecosystem and rural areas is carried out. Specific scientific and practical recommendations are given.

Keywords: research logic, methodological approaches, management, strategy, profitability, model, agroecosystem, rural areas

 

Information about the authors:

A.N. Semin PhD (Economics), Professor, Academician of RAS (aleks_ural_55@mail.ru)

T.I. Bukhtiyarova PhD (Economics), Professor (viola_1_49@mail.ru)

O.N. Mikhailyuk PhD (Economics), Professor (o_mikhajluK@mail.ru)

I.N. Baturina PhD (Economics) (baturina76@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 31.01.2023, approved after reviewing on 02.02.2023, accepted for publication on 03.02.2023

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-2-8-13

p. 8-13

Original article

State support as the main tool of technological modernization of the domestic agro-industrial complex

Vasiliy I. Nechaev1, Nikolay A. Poddubniy2

1,2Federal Scientific Center for Agrarian Economics and Social Development of Rural Territories VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article is devoted to the economic aspects of the problem of technological modernization of the domestic agro-industrial complex in conditions of unprecedented external constraints. The complex of tasks related to effective and timely state support of branches and sub-sectors of the agricultural sector of the countrys economy, as well as a set of measures to support Russian agricultural producers in the field of providing technical means, seeds of agricultural crops, pesticides and other means of production is substantiated. The forms and methods of state support for innovative development of the material and production base of agriculture are considered. Mechanisms and tools to ensure technological sovereignty in the agricultural sector of the economy are proposed: an optimal balance between the interests of the state and business, a simplified import regime for a number of means of production, the development of domestic machine-building, breeding, genetic and chemical production, reducing administrative pressure and eliminating duplication of supervisory state functions. The considered directions should be reflected in the measures being developed for the innovative development of agricultural sub-sectors.

Keywords: Russian Federation, agro-industrial complex, agriculture, state support, technological modernization

 

Acknowledgements: the study is based on the materials of the parliamentary hearings On the effectiveness and accessibility of state support measures for agricultural producers of the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation (November 18, 2022, Moscow)

 

Information about the authors:

V.I. Nechaev Doctor of Economics, Professor, Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation, Chief Researcher (vin981@yandex.ru)

N.A. Poddubniy Postgraduate student (kolyapodd@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 19.12.2022, approved after reviewing on 16.01.2023, accepted for publication on 18.01.2023

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-2-14-20

p. 14-20

Original article

Balance of grain resources of Russia: optimistic scenario, trends, prospects

Lyudmila V. Shalaev

Perm State Agrarian and Technological University named after Academician D.N. Pryanishnikov, Perm, Russia

Abstract. Trends in the formation and use of grain resources can have a significant impact on the level of food security of the Russian Federation, the countrys position on the world grain market. The assessment of these processes revealed negative trends: a reduction in the reserves of grain resources of the Russian Federation by 12.5%, production consumption of grain resources by 3.3%, grain exports relative to the level of 2020 by 11.96%. There is a lag from the optimistic scenario of 2021 in grain production, the total volume of its resources, and exports. The following factors had a positive impact on the grain balance: an increase in the volume of grain processing, a reduction in losses. The domestic consumption of grain is fully ensured by its own production. The regional peculiarities of the formation and use of grain resources are revealed: the largest volume of production and industrial consumption of grain falls on the Southern and Central Federal Districts, grain processing is developed in the Central and Volga Federal Districts, the largest volume of grain for export comes from the Southern and Central Federal Districts, the largest share of grain reserves takes place in the Central, Volga, Southern and Siberian Federal Districts. The export-oriented strategy of grain production in Russia has been confirmed. The directions and tasks of the grain complex development are outlined, the implementation of which will serve as a factor for the growth of food security of the Russian Federation.

Keywords: grain complex, grain resources, balance, the share of the regions participation, self-sufficiency, food security

 

Information about the author:

L.V. Shalaev PhD (Economics), Associate Professor, Head of Chair (shalaewa2013@yandex.ru)

SPIN 5896-5152

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9411-0061

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 16.05.2022, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 20.09.2022, accepted for publication on 28.09.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-2-21-26

p. 21-26

Original article

Assessment of the level and potential of innovative technical and technological development of grain production in the regions of the Volga Federal District

Marina O. Sannikova1, Natalia V. Providonova2

1Saratov State University of Genetics, Biotechnology and Engineering named after N.I. Vavilov, Saratov, Russia

2Povolzhskiy Scientific Research Institute of Economic and Organization of Agro-industrial Complex Subdivision of the FSBRI Saratov Federal Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Saratov, Russia

Abstract. The sustainable development of grain production is directly dependent on the pace of technical and technological development and innovation activity. The article presents an assessment of the potential innovative technical and technological development of grain production in the regions of the Volga Federal District based on the developed integral indicator. Using the example of the Saratov Region positive trends have been identified that serve as the basis and drivers of innovative technical and technological development of grain production (increased investment in fixed assets of grain production, an increase in the number of high-performance jobs in agriculture), and negative ones, which at the same time contain development potential (low technical security of agricultural producers, non-compliance scientifically-based fertilizer application standards, low level of innovation activity). Stimulating technical and technological development and increasing the innovative activity of grain producers will allow the industry to move to a new qualitative level and increase the efficiency of the production process.

Keywords: technical and technological development, potential, grain production, innovation activity, integral indicator, Volga Federal District, Saratov Region

 

Information about the authors:

M.O. Sannikova PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (sannikovamarin@yandex.ru)

N.V. Providonova Researcher (providonova@yandex.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 07.11.2022, approved after reviewing on 16.11.2022, accepted for publication on 28.11.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-2-27-32

p. 27-32

Original article

Realization of achievements of scientific and technological progress in feed production as a factor of increasing its efficiency

Evgeniy P. Chirkov1 , Mikhail A. Babyak2, Oksana V. Dyachenko3, Vladimir V. Dyachenko4

1,2,3,4Bryansk State Agrarian University, Kokino village, Vygonichsky district, Bryansk region, Russia

Abstract. Scientific and technological progress (hereinafter referred to as STP) is an evolutionary process, during which the development and improvement of both food and production methods is ensured, as a result of increasing the level of scientific knowledge and the introduction of this knowledge into production; the practical implementation of the achievements of STP is called an innovative process. At all stages of the development of feed production, great importance was attached to the intensification of this branch of agriculture based on the introduction of STPs, which is manifested in the development of production forces, technology, organization and management of production. On the basis of the development of productive forces, qualitative changes are taking place in science, technology, technologies, leading to a deep restructuring of feed production. At the current stage, qualitative changes in the development of science and technology are taking place, production conditions are changing, STP is accelerating. This is manifested in the qualitative transformation of feed production, tools and objects of labor, the energy base, technology, organization and management of production; scientific and technical achievements in economic practice are being introduced faster; connections in the science-technology-production chain become more intensive and deeper. In accordance with this, the article considers the main innovative directions for the production, procurement and storage of feed based on the use of the latest means of mechanization of feed production, innovative progressive technologies, including digital (information), a rational combination of traditional and rare, but promising, innovative types and varieties of feed crops. Taking into account these areas, groups of achievements of STP in feed production were determined.

Keywords: feed production, scientific and technological progress, innovative technologies, technical renewal, rare innovative species of feed plants, economic efficiency

 

Information about the authors:

E.P. Chirkov Doctor of Economics, Professor, Honored Economist of the Russian Federation

M.A. Babyak PhD (Economics), Associate Professor

O.V. Dyachenko PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (doksa1979@mail.ru)

V.V. Dyachenko Doctor of Agriculture, Associate Professor

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 22.12.2022, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 01.02.2023, accepted for publication on 02.02.2023

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-2-33-38

p. 33-38

Original article

JEL Classification: Q02, Q13.

Accounting for the costs of repairing agricultural machinery: the practice of applying new standards

Olga I. Khairullina

Perm State Agrarian and Technological University named after Academician D.N. Pryanishnikov, Perm, Russia

Abstract. This article discusses the legal and methodological features of accounting for the costs of various types of equipment repair. Innovations in legislation have significantly changed approaches to the restoration of fixed assets. In particular, the repair costs can be differentiated into current and capital, it is required to evaluate and reflect information on the material values received after the repair, and their disposal. Features of accounting for repair costs in tax accounting are defined. Directions of costs and their generalization on the accounts of accounting are systematized. An algorithm for accounting for repair costs, depending on the type of repair and the method of its implementation, was proposed.

Keywords: agricultural machinery, repair, expenses, accounting, FSB, taxes, material assets

 

Information about the author:

O.I. Khairullina Doctor of Economics, Professor (o.i.khayrullina@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 25.10.2022, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 21.11.2022, accepted for publication on 28.11.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-2-39-48

p. 39-48

Original article

Bank credit and its role in real investments of non-financial organizations in conditions of macroeconomic instability and regional differentiation

Vitaly Z. Mazloev1, Alim B. Fiapshev2, Konstantin K. Kumekhov3

1Federal Scientific Center for Agrarian Economics and Social Development of Rural Territories VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

2Financial University under Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

3The Odintsovo Branch of MGIMO-University, Moscow Region, Russia

Abstract. The article describes the general and special features of the economy of emerging market countries, shows the distinctive features of the Russian economy. The insufficient effectiveness of indirect instruments for regulating investment processes, including bank credit, is aggravated in the Russian Federation by the action of non-economic factors, state regulatory practices, unresolved structural and institutional problems. The authors assess the quantitative and qualitative aspects of the investment activity of organizations of the non-financial sector of the Russian economy, show the role of bank credit in its stimulation. Separately, the impact of the tightening of banking supervision, expressed in a large-scale exodus from the market of small and medium-sized banks, is analyzed, special attention is paid to gaps in the level of socio-economic development of regions and their investment opportunities. The directions of increasing the role of bank credit in the growth of real investments are determined, which largely go beyond the monetary sphere and determine the need to improve the entire system of state influence on economic processes.

Keywords: investments, non-financial sector of the economy, bank lending, non-financial organizations

 

Information about the authors:

V.Z. Mazloev Doctor of Economics, Professor, Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation, Chief Researcher (mazloevv@mail.ru)

A.B. Fiapshev Doctor of Economics, Professor (fiapshev@rambler.ru)

K.K. Kumekhov Doctor of Economics, Professor (k.kumehov@odin.mgimo.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 19.12.2022, approved after reviewing on 25.12.2022, accepted for publication on 27.12.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-2-49-55

p. 49-55

Original article

Potential of agro-industrial clusters for the production of competitive products

Matvey S. Oborin

Perm Institute (Branch) of the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics,

Perm State National Research University,

Perm State Agrarian and Technological University named after Academician D.N. Pryanishnikov, Perm, Russia

Abstract. Modern conditions for the creation of clusters act as the main tool for effective management of the agro-industrial sector in Russia, as they allow accumulating and combining resources and production capacities of various agricultural and industrial organizations. The article discusses the features of the functioning of agro-industrial clusters and their role in regional development. On the example of the Krasnodar Territory, the activity of the Kuban cluster is analyzed, its importance in the production of competitive products is determined, problems are identified and measures are planned to increase its development potential.

Keywords: agro-industrial cluster, clusters, agriculture, food products, competitiveness, development

 

Information about the author:

M.S. Oborin Doctor of Economics, Professor (recreachin@rambler.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 30.05.2022, approved after reviewing on 29.07.2022, accepted for publication on 28.11.2022

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-2-56-62

p. 56-62

Original article

Small business in Canadas rural local economy

Ekaterina A. Gataulina

All-Russian Institute for Agrarian Issues and Informatics named after A.A. Nikonov branch of VNIIESkH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. Within the framework of the research of the local rural economy, developed by VIAPI named after. A.A. Nikonov, an analysis of small rural businesses in Canada was carried out based on the Rural Canada Business Profiles Database. The latest data at the time of writing the article, 2019, is taken as the basis for the analysis (updated as of March 2022). It was revealed that the small rural business in Canada is more developed than in Russia and more diversified. Thus, in terms of the density of rural business, classified as small, per 100 people of the rural population, Canada surpasses Russia by almost 2 times, which indicates more favorable conditions created in Canada. Also, if in Russia small enterprises specializing in scientific and technical activities are extremely rarely located in rural areas, in Canada almost 8% of the total number of rural small business units are specialized in this activity. In addition to agriculture, construction and retail trade industries traditionally attractive for rural small businesses in Russia as well, in Canada rural small businesses are more involved in providing personal services to the population, renting and selling real estate. The article analyzes the financial ratios of rural and urban small businesses in Canada. It is revealed that rural small businesses are comparable in financial performance to urban ones, are less indebted.

Keywords: Canada, small business, rural local economy, rural development

 

Information about the author:

E.A. Gataulina PhD (Economics), Leading Scientific Worker (egataulina@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 19.12.2022, approved after reviewing on 16.01.2023, accepted for publication on 17.01.2023

 

 

p. 63-64

Book review: Bashmachnikov V.F. et al. Family-type farming: potency, development practice

Alexander N. Semin, PhD (Economics), Professor, Academician of RAS, Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation

 

 

p. 65

Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences A.F. Serkov is 90 years old