Economy of Agricultural and Processing Enterprises, 2023, No 4

Contents

AGRARIAN ECONOMIC POLICY

Semin A.N., Tretyakov A.P. World trends in ensuring food security by water bioresources (p. 2-13)

AIC ENTERPRISES IN MARKET ECONOMY

Essaulenko D.V., Shelkovnikov S.A. Methodological approach to achieving a balance of interests of agricultural organizations, their employees and the state (p. 14-19)

Kolonchin K.V., Cherdantsev P.V. Development of business processes in the production of fish products (p. 20-25)0

REGIONAL ASPECT

Truba A.S., Karataeva O.G. Development of the raw material base of hop growing as a sub-branch of traditional agriculture in the Chuvash Republic (p. 26-28)

Shalaev L.V. Grain sub-complex of Perm Kari: trends, problems, prospects (p. 29-34)

FINANCES AND CREDIT

Volvak Yu.S. Formation of a methodological approach to the adaptation of small businesses to unstable conditions of the market environment (p. 35-40)

BUSINESS ENTITIES: PROBLEMS AND PRACTICES

Tkach A.V., Kaurova O.V., Maloletko A.N. Peasant (farmer) farms in the food supply system (p. 41-47)

Samarkhanov T.G., Turchin A.M. Farms: actual problems of effective functioning (p. 48-54)

ABROAD

Mukhametzyanov R.R., Storozhev D.V., Platonovskiy N.G., Snegirev D.V. Changes in the value of imports of fruit and vegetable products to Egypt (p. 55-62)

CONGRATULATIONS

Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences E.N. Krylatykh celebrates 90 years old (3rd p. of the cover)

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-4-2-13

p. 2-13

Original article

World trends in ensuring food security by water bioresources

Alexander N. Semin1, Anatoly P. Tretyakov2

1Ural State University of Economics, Yekaterinburg, Russia

2Ural Research Institute for Economic Security and Rural Development, Yekaterinburg, Russia

Abstract. The article presents the results of the analysis of the impact of the production of aquatic biological resources on food security in the world. The place of industrial fishing and aquaculture in the system of food supply for the planets population has been determined. A rating of the worlds leading countries - producers of fishery and aquaculture products has been carried out. Based on a 40-year analysis, the main global trends in the production, consumption, export and import of fish and fish products are highlighted. It has been established that the increase in the physical volume of production of aquatic biological resources is significantly (by 1/3) ahead of the population growth in the world.

Keywords: industrial fishing, aquaculture, aquatic bioresources, production, trade, food security, consumption, food, export, import

 

Information about the authors:

A.N. Semin PhD (Economics), Professor, Academician of RAS (aleks_ural_55@mail.ru)

A.P. Tretyakov PhD (Economics), Chief Researcher (tretyakovap@yandex.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 10.03.2023, approved after reviewing on 14.03.2023, accepted for publication on 15.03.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-4-14-19

p. 14-19

Original article

Methodological approach to achieving a balance of interests of agricultural organizations, their employees and the state

Dmitry V. Essaulenko1, Sergey A. Shelkovnikov2

1,2Novosibirsk State Agrarian University, Novosibirsk, Russia

Abstract. The state is interested in increasing the volume of agricultural production, but state support for agricultural production is limited. The activity of agricultural organizations is profitable, but the achieved level of profitability is still insufficient for a significant expansion of production. The low level of remuneration of agricultural workers does not create sufficient incentives for labor productivity growth. The use of the profit factor model constructed by the authors makes it possible to create a basis for the formation of vectors of interests of the state, producers and workers in one direction in such a way that state support creates the possibility of additional labor costs. Subject to compliance with the requirement of a faster rate of labor productivity growth, this will contribute to the growth of profits of commercial agricultural organizations received from an ever-increasing volume of production.

Keywords: state support, state investments, balance of interests, conflict of interests, interests of the state, interests of agricultural producers, interests of workers, target function

 

Information about the authors:

D.V. Essaulenko Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of State and Municipal Administration (essau@ngs.ru )

S.A. Shelkovnikov Doctor of Economics, Professor, Professor of the Department of Accounting and Financial Technologies (shelkovnikov1@rambler.ru )

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 31.01.2023, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 20.03.2023, accepted for publication on 21.03.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-4-20-25

p. 20-25

Original article

Development of business processes in the production of fish products

Kirill V. Kolonchin1, Pavel V. Cherdantsev2

1All-Russian Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography, Moscow, Russia

2Ural Research Institute for Economic Security and Rural Development, Yekaterinburg, Russia

Abstract. Fish processing is carried out in several stages, which contributes to the emergence of an increasing number of small and medium-sized businesses that use business processes, advanced technologies and high-quality raw materials in their work. At the same time, they, carrying out the production of certain types of products, have the opportunity to expand their range. The article is devoted to the study of the problem of improving business processes in the production of fish products in the Perm Region. Using the example of an individual entrepreneur, it is shown how even a small fish processing enterprise, using new technologies and recipes, can become profitable and take a stable position in the regional market of fish products.

Keywords: fish processing, business processes, production of fish products, fish preserves, small business, profitability

 

Information about the authors:

K.V. Kolonchin Director (vniro@vniro.ru)

P.V. Cherdantsev Senior Researcher (cherdantsev.vadim@yandex.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 02.03.2023, approved after reviewing on 09.03.2023, accepted for publication on 13.03.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-4-26-28

p. 26-28

Original article

Development of the raw material base of hop growing as a sub-branch of traditional agriculture in the Chuvash Republic

Anatoliy S. Truba1, Oksana G. Karataeva2

1Michurinsk State Agrarian University, Michurinsk, Tambov Region, Russia

2 Russian State Agrarian University - MSKhA named after K.A. Timiryazev, Moscow, Rissia

Abstract. The article considers the prospects for the development of the raw material base for the commodity production of hop raw materials. The trends in the development of the hop-growing industry in the Chuvash Republic are presented and analyzed. The problems of commodity producers and processors of hop raw materials in the current conditions of agribusiness development are formulated. The obtained results prove that the innovative development of the industry involves not only the use of resource-saving technologies in the production and processing of hop raw materials, but also the production of hop raw materials of various marketability.

Keywords: raw material base, traditional agriculture, hop growing, hop plantations, subsidies, regional programs, concept, Chuvash

 

Information about the authors:

A.S. Truba Doctor of Economics, Professor (truby.anatoly@yandex.ru)

O.G. Karataeva PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (okarataeva@rgau-msha.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 02.03.2023, approved after reviewing on 22.03.2023, accepted for publication on 23.03.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-4-29-34

p. 29-34

Original article

Grain sub-complex of Perm Kari: trends, problems, prospects

Lyudmila V. Shalaev

Perm State Agrarian and Technological University named after Academician D.N. Pryanishnikov, Perm, Russia

Abstract. The production of grain products is a strategic direction of agricultural production and a determining factor in ensuring the food security of Russia as a whole and its individual regions. Trends in the production of grain products in the Perm Region can have a significant impact on the formation of food resources and the level of food security in the region. Evaluation of the dynamics of factors of grain production (yield, acreage, intensification) has revealed positive and negative trends. A significant decrease in yields, a decrease in acreage and a decrease in area of mineral fertilizers application have led to a reduction in gross grain production in 2021 by 27%. At the same time, wheat sowing areas have expanded, and a high level of organic fertilizers has been maintained. With a high share of grain processing (76% in 2021), domestic consumption of grain products is provided by own production by only 39%. This determines the high degree of dependence of the region on external sources of grain resources formation and reduces the indicators of food security of the Perm Region. The increase in the technological capacity of the enterprises of the grain complex of the region, their provision with mineral fertilizers and varietal seeds with sufficient state support will increase the yield of grain crops, grain quality, which will serve as a factor in the growth of grain production and processing in the region and, as a consequence, the growth of food security of the Perm Region.

Keywords: grain resources, grain production, grain yield, acreage, intensification, food resources, Perm Kari

 

Information about the author:

L.V. Shalaev PhD (Economics), Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Accounting and Finance (shalaewa2013@yandex.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 11.08.2022, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 10.11.2022, accepted for publication on 18.11.2022.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-4-35-40

p. 35-40

Original article

Formation of a methodological approach to the adaptation of small businesses to unstable conditions of the market environment

Yulia S. Volvak

Lugansk State Agrarian University, Lugansk, LPR, Russia

Abstract. The authors conceptual view on the problem of ensuring the financial and economic stability of small businesses of agriculture in unstable market conditions is presented in the article. Methodological solutions for optimize the production parameters of small businesses for adapt to uncontrolled factors of the market environment have been developed.

Keywords: small business, environment instability, break-even point, risk management, optimization, economic and mathematical model

 

Information about the author:

Yu.S. Volvak Assistant of the Department of Agrarian Economics, Management and Law (yulia-volvak@mail.ru).

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 16.03.2023, approved after reviewing on 22.03.2023, accepted for publication on 23.03.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-4-41-47

p. 41-47

Original article

Peasant (farmer) farms in the food supply system

Alexander V. Tkach1, Olga V. Kaurova2, Alexander N. Maloletko3

1,2,3Russian University of Cooperation, Mytishchi, Moscow region, Russia

Abstract. The relevance of the results of the activities of peasant (farmer) farms in the food supply system has increased due to the introduction of sanctions and embargoes for Russia by Western countries. The article presents the main goals, tasks, problems of the work of peasant (farmer) farms as a special group of agricultural producers, the possibilities of farmers cooperation in the new economic reality. The features of production in the agricultural sector in comparison with large commodity production and other aspects of the agricultural sector are considered, based on the economic material obtained in the course of research. The problems of farms related to state support in the new economic realities are considered.

Keywords: farmers, cooperation, agribusiness, peasant (farmer) farms, personal subsidiary farms, agricultural producers, agrarian policy

 

Information about the authors:

A.V. Tkach Doctor of Economics, Professor, Honored Worker of Science of the Russian Federation, Honored Worker of Consumer Cooperation, Professor of the Department of Economics and Customs Affairs (alex.tkach2017@yandex.ru)

O.V. Kaurova Doctor of Economics, Professor, Vice-rector for research (Atosika2006@mail.ru)

A.N. Maloletko Doctor of Economics, Professor, Head of the Department of Economics and Management (shadow.economy@gmail.com)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 15.02.2023, approved after reviewing on 02.03.2023, accepted for publication on 03.03.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-4-48-54

p. 48-54

Original article

Farms: actual problems of effective functioning

Tagir G. Samarkhanov1, Andrey M. Turchin2

1,2Russian Academy of Staffing for the Agro-Industrial Complex, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. Since 2006, an analysis of the activities of peasant (farmer) farms has been carried out, among which there is a fairly wide spread in both the provision of land and labor resources, as well as their material and technical equipment. Today there is no systematic analysis of the organizational structure and conditions of functioning of farms in general and in some subjects of the Russian Federation, which create the illusion of successful development of all Russian farming. Despite the numerical superiority of small farms, their share in total production remains insignificant. Only large and super-large farms show sufficiently high economic efficiency. The article examines the reasons for the low efficiency of small farms, and also shows ways to increase their profitability.

Keywords: small forms, peasant (farmer) farms, profitability, state support, provision of land resources

 

Information about the authors:

T.G. Samarkhanov Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor, Deputy Head of Federal Center for Agricultural Consulting of Russian Academy of Staffing for the Agro-Industrial Complex (turmaevo@mail.ru)

A.M. Turchin Postgraduate Student (beardygrass@gmail.com)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 14.03.2023, approved after reviewing on 21.03.2023, accepted for publication on 22.03.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-4-55-62

p. 55-62

Original article

Changes in the value of imports of fruit and vegetable products to Egypt

Rafail R. Mukhametzyanov1, Danil V. Storozhev2, Nikolay G. Platonovskiy3, Dmitriy V. Snegirev4

1,3,4 Russian State Agrarian University - MSHA named after K.A. Timiryazev, Moscow, Russia

2MGIMO University of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article presents an analysis of changes in the value of imports of fruit and vegetable products to Egypt for 2010-2021. The transformation of import volumes from abroad is considered both in the whole of this food group and in the context of its main subgroups. The changes in the parameters and structure of imports of fruit and vegetable products to Egypt by the countries acting as its main suppliers are analyzed and characterized, and a rating for 2021 of fifteen main ones is compiled. Similar calculations and conclusions were made for specific subgroups of two groups: 07 Vegetables, root crops and tubers and 08 Fruits, berries and nuts. The authors found that in 2010-2021, the import of fruit and vegetable products to Egypt increased from $ 627.4 million to $ 1,130.2 million, that is, 1.8 times. However, this was mainly due to the group 08 Fruits, berries and nuts. As a result, the share of vegetables and root crops in this indicator decreased from 67.9% in 2010 to 43.2% in 2021, and the share of fruits and berries increased from 32.1% to 56.8%.

Keywords: Egypt, import, fruit and vegetable products, vegetables, root crops and tubers, fruits, berries and nuts, partner countries

 

Information about the authors:

R.R. Mukhametzyanov Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Political Economy and World Economy (mrafailr@yandex.ru)

D.V. Storozhev Masters degree (stordanvla@yandex.ru)

N.G. Platonovskiy Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Management (platonovsky@rgau-msha.ru)

D.V. Snegirev Senior Lecturer of the Department of Microbiology and Immunology (antiminc@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 26.12.2022, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 07.03.2023, accepted for publication on 13.03.2023.

 

 

p. 63

Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences E.N. Krylatykh celebrates 90 years old