Economy of Agricultural and Processing Enterprises, 2023, No 5

Contents

AGRARIAN ECONOMIC POLICY

Semin A.N., Gusmanov R.U., Chernogor I.A., Subkhangulov R.R. Level model of food security (p. 2-8)

Shapoval V.M., Korneva G.V., Babaev B.S. Threats and problems of food security of modern society (p. 9-13)

Chepeleva C.V. Improvement of strategic planning of export of AIC products in Russia (p. 14-23)

AIC ENTERPRISES IN MARKET ECONOMY

Morhachov I.V., Kolpakova E.A. The need to targeting the return on assets and equity of enterprises of the agro-industrial complex (p. 24-28)

Lukomets A.V. Use of resources in crop production (p. 29-34)

REGIONAL ASPECT

Sharipov S.A., Titov N.L., Kharisov G.A. The institutional environment of a competitive agro-industrial complex as a factor in the sustainable development of rural areas (on the example of the Republic of Tatarstan) (p. 35-39)

Polyanskaya N.M., Kolesnyak A.A., Koval A.N. Provision of food to the population of the northern territories of Russia (p. 40-50)

Sitdikova G.Z., Khabirov G.A. Development of berry growing in the Republic of Bashkortostan (p. 51-55)

INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT

Rodnina N.V. Innovations and investments are the main factors of effective agribusiness management at the present stage (on the example of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) (p. 56-59)

BUSINESS ENTITIES: PROBLEMS AND PRACTICES

Gusmanov R.U., Stovba E.V., Salimova G.A., Nizamov S.S., Repin I.S. Strategic directions and prospects for development AIC agroholdings (p. 60-66)

ABROAD

Shaikin V.V., Shaikina E.V. The system of state grain quality control in Canada (p. 67-72)

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-5-2-8

p. 2-8

Original article

Level model of food security

Alexander N. Semin1, Rasul U. Gusmanov2, Irina A. Chernogor3, Rustem R. Subkhangulov4

1 Ural State University of Economics, Yekaterinburg, Russia

2 Bashkir State Agrarian University, Ufa, Russia

3 Omsk Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Omsk, Russia

4 Ufa Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Ufa, Russia

Abstract. In the conditions of general macroeconomic instability, the threat of famine in a number of countries of the world, as well as in the context of global climate change, which causes various kinds of cataclysms, leading to crop losses in many countries, the food security of the state is considered as the most important part of its national security. This article explores trends and methods for assessing the level of food security in the Russian Federation as a whole, and one of the regions of the Russian Federation (Omsk region), in particular. The purpose of the work is to analyze the level of food security of the Russian Federation and the Omsk region, their relationship and interdependence. Approaches were also applied to the analysis of statistical and predictive models in the field of strategic planning and management of the national security of the state. A model for assessing the level of food security was developed, an analysis of the level of food security in Russia and the Omsk region was carried out within the framework of the developed model, and conclusions were drawn about their relationship.

Keywords: Russia, Omsk region, national security, food security, national security strategy, food security Doctrine, level model of food security assessment, export potential, export-oriented products

 

Information about the authors:

A.N. Semin Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Academician of RAS (aleks_ural_55@mail.ru)

R.U. Gusmanov Doctor of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor (757121@mail.ru)

I.A. Chernogor PhD (Economics) (ichernogor1986@mail.ru)

R.R. Subkhangulov PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (55671@rambler.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 27.03.2023, approved after reviewing on 03.04.2023, accepted for publication on 05.04.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-5-9-13

p. 9-13

Original article

Threats and problems of food security of modern society

Valentina M. Shapoval1, Galina V. Korneva2, Boris S. Babaev3

1,2,3Moscow State University of Technology and Management named after K.G. Razumovsky (First Cossack University), Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article highlights and analyzes the most serious threats and problems affecting the food security of modern society; carried out their classification according to the main features. It is determined that the right to meet the needs for food is an integral element of basic human rights: social, civil, economic, political, cultural. This right is realized on the basis of the state policy of food security, which is one of the main goals not only of the agrarian, but also of the countrys economic policy in general, which forms the direction of the states food system to an ideal state. Accordingly, food security is the ability of the state to guarantee its citizens, regardless of actual and potential threats, the satisfaction of food needs in volumes, quality and assortment that meet scientifically based standards and norms. It has been proven that the lack of equal access to land, water, natural resources, their irrational use, as well as limited economic opportunities due to political or armed conflicts undermine food sustainability at various levels. Formation of food security is a continuous process during which changing not only the mechanisms for implementing the national agrarian policy, but also development priorities.

Keywords: hunger, food, law, state, provision, needs, food security, factors, influence, threats

 

Information about the authors:

V.M. Shapoval Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Professor of the Department of Finance, Accounting and Economic Security (vmshapoval2017@gmail.com)

G.V. Korneva Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Finance, Accounting and Economic Security (g.korneva@mgutm.ru)

B.S. Babaev Postgraduate Student of the Department of Finance, Accounting and Economic Security (bsbabaev@gmail.com)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 20.03.2023, approved after reviewing on 04.04.2023, accepted for publication on 10.04.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-5-14-23

p. 14-23

Original article

Improvement of strategic planning of export of AIC products in Russia

Cristina V. Chepeleva

Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia

Abstract. Since 2018, Russia has been actively developing agro-food exports as one of the priority areas of foreign economic activity, thereby implementing an export-oriented model of economic development of the agro-industrial complex. At the same time, despite the positive dynamics of the indicators of the implementation of the projects International cooperation and export, Export of agricultural products and the presence of numerous sectoral, sectoral strategies and programs for the development of the agro-industrial complex and its subcomplexes, certain problems of the development of export activities remain, which are intensified under the influence of sanctions pressure, restrictive measures and the transformation of global food markets. The main problem is that despite the presence of a large number of legal documents that reflect the issues of agricultural exports, there is a lack of a targeted vision for its development in the long term. The target indicators of program and strategic documents on the regulation and development of exports of agri-food products in the Russian Federation are not always related to the declared goals, they are predominantly quantitative in nature. In order to resolve the problem, it is proposed to change the types of strategic planning to pre-active with the prospect of developing interactive approaches, review the principles and methodological planning tools, as well as the inclusion of goal setting for various participants in agricultural export planning at different levels of management. To form the concept of pre-active strategic development of exports of agricultural products, methods of comparative analysis, situational and systemic approaches were used. High-quality strategic planning of export activities in the agro-industrial complex of the Russian Federation will allow developing a comprehensive science-based strategy, as well as creating an impulse for the formation of strategies at other levels (regional, municipal), subject to their harmonization. The latter will increase the manageability and efficiency of programs and projects for the development of agricultural exports in the Russian Federation.

Keywords: export of agricultural products, export-oriented model, export potential, strategy, strategic planning, proactive development

 

Information about the author:

C.V. Chepeleva PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (kristychepeleva@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 16.01.2023, approved after reviewing on 01.03.2023, accepted for publication on 06.03.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-5-24-28

p. 24-28

Original article

The need to targeting the return on assets and equity of enterprises of the agro-industrial complex

Illia V. Morhachov1, Ekaterina A. Kolpakova2

1,2Volgograd State Agricultural University, Volgograd, Russia

Abstract. The article clarifies the relevance of the implementation of targeting the return on assets and equity capital for enterprises of the agro-industrial complex. In the long term, the return on assets should exceed the price of debt capital, and the return on equity should exceed the inflation rate. Compliance with these rules will allow sector of the economy to exist and develop. The purpose of the work was to substantiate the need and clarify the specifics of targeting the return on assets and equity capital at the enterprises of the agro-industrial complex. The reasons for the need to target the considered indicators are determined: a high level of inflation, risk, the cost of borrowed capital, as well as the presence of a conflict of interests between managers and owners of enterprises. Ignoring the interests of the owners of the agro-industrial complex enterprises and their exclusion from real business management can cause an outflow of capital from the industry. Targeting return on assets and equity should be carried out complementary to the current planning at the enterprise. Despite the fact that the ultimate interest of business owners is to maximize the return on equity, this indicator should be targeted simultaneously with the return on assets, since achieving the target on the latter will allow using financial leverage and optimizing the amount of equity capital. The currently relevant values of the target of return on equity of agribusiness enterprises are 22%, return on assets - 20%.

Keywords: return on equity, return on assets, targeting, agro-industrial enterprises, interests of enterprise owners, inflation

 

Information about the authors:

I.V. Morhachov Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor of the Department Management and Logistics in the Agro-industrial Complex (Morgachov-ilya@yandex.com)

E.A. Kolpakova Senior Lecturer of the Department Departments of Economic Security (kolpakova_ekaterina@volgau.com)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 13.02.2023, approved after reviewing on 01.03.2023, accepted for publication on 13.03.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-5-29-34

p. 29-34

Original article

Use of resources in crop production

Artem V. Lukomets

ll-Russian Research Institute of Oilseeds named after V.S. Pustovoit, Krasnodar, Russia

Abstract. The article analyzed the phases of the reproduction process in crop production and the transformation of resources during the production cycle. Based on the review of literature sources, the main and additional indicators for assessing the effectiveness of the use of certain types of resources in crop production were systematized, as well as generalizing indicators and methodological approaches for assessing the totality of labor, natural and material resources of the crop industry were identified. Based on the analysis of the reporting of agricultural organizations, general and specific indicators of the efficiency of resource use in crop production are calculated. The analysis revealed a high share of material costs in the cost of crop production and an increase in the efficiency of using material resources both in crop production as a whole and in their individual types and individual indicators of resource efficiency in the analyzed period.

Keywords: agriculture, crop production, reproduction, resources, efficiency, indicators, use

 

Information about the author:

A.V. Lukomets PhD (Economics), Leading Scientific Worker (alukomets@yandex.ru)

ORCID: 0000-0002-0721-7822

The article was submitted 20.04.2023; approved after reviewing 25.04.2023; accepted for publication 26.04.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-5-35-39

p. 35-39

Original article

The institutional environment of a competitive agro-industrial complex as a factor in the sustainable development of rural areas (on the example of the Republic of Tatarstan)

Salimzyan A. Sharipov1, Nikolay L. Titov2, Gumer A. Kharisov3

1,2 Tatar institute of retraining personals of agribusiness, Kazan, Russia

3 Kazan innovative University named after V.G. Timirjasov (IEML), Kazan, Russia

Abstract. In conditions of limited resources, the problem of organizing the institutional environment, which determines the effective interaction of business entities, the introduction of innovations and digital technologies, is becoming more urgent. The organization of effective innovative production generates systemic effects of including resources in production, reducing costs for entering the industry, developing infrastructure, and increasing the competitiveness of agricultural enterprises. At the same time, in modern conditions, the level of requirements for the competencies of agricultural workers is changing. The implementation of an innovative system of training specialists and professional retraining of personnel, modern educational platforms provide for the transition to the implementation of individual training programs for specialists and professional retraining of personnel, the development of relevant competencies and training specialists to work in the environment of modern technological complexes. In the Republic of Tatarstan, the system of state support measures for agricultural enterprises has led to an innovative renewal of the production technological base, digitalization of agricultural production, improvement of the personnel training system, and, ultimately, increasing the efficiency of the agricultural sector of the economy and ensuring the competitive advantages of agricultural formations, ensuring sustainable development of rural areas. The synergistic effects of timely effective state support led to the growth of agricultural production in the republic.

Keywords: institutional environment, agro-industrial complex, competitiveness, agricultural production, human capital, innovations, digital technologies, rural areas, Tatarstan

 

Information about the authors:

S.A. Sharipov Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Corresponding Member of RAS, Scientific Worker (tipka_umo@mail.ru)

N.L. Titov Candidate of Economic Sciences, Rector (tipkia@mail.ru)

G.A. Kharisov Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor (g.kharisov@gmail.com)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 05.04.2023, approved after reviewing on 25.04.2023, accepted for publication on 27.04.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-5-40-50

p. 40-50

Original article

Provision of food to the population of the northern territories of Russia

Natalya M. Polyanskaya1, Antonina A. Kolesnyak2, Anatolij N. Koval3

1 Banzarov Buryat State University, Ulan-Ude, Russia

2,3 Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia

Abstract. In recent years, negative processes have been developing in the overwhelming majority of the northern regions of Russia: the population is declining (with the threat of depopulation of rural areas). Acreage is also decreasing; livestock of cattle and reindeer is decreasing. And as a result, the level of self-sufficiency in meat and dairy products, especially necessary for residents of these territories, is decreasing. The full-fledged food supply of the population is limited by its low incomes, significant property stratification, as well as low availability of arable land and low transport accessibility of territories. The share of the northern regions in the Far Eastern regions accounts for more than 70% of the districts territory, despite the fact that no more than one third of its population lives there. Regions differ significantly in natural and climatic, economic and geographical, demographic conditions, resource potential, which causes significant differences in the level of food production and consumption. There is extremely low self-sufficiency in all types of food, which reduces the level of its availability. The population of all these regions consumes dairy products, vegetables and melons below the rational norm, and residents of Chukotka also experience a significant shortage of meat products, eggs, potatoes and bread. This requires taking appropriate measures to comprehensively address the food problem in the northern territories.

Keywords: Far North, Far Eastern Federal District, food supply, food security, natural and climatic conditions, agriculture, production, consumption, population, region

 

Information about the authors:

N.M. Polyanskaya Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Senior Researcher at the Research Center of the Institute of Economics and Management (natali_mz@mail.ru)

Scopus Author ID: 57193360921; ORCID: 0000-0002-6387-6494; SPIN: 3603-3154

A.A. Kolesnyak Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor, Honored Worker of Higher Education of the Russian Federation, Honored Economist of the Republic of Buryatia; Professor of the Department of State, Municipal Management and Personnel Policy
(kolesnyak antonina@yandex.ru)

Scopus Author ID: 57131029600; ORCID: 0000-0001-6681-2261; SPIN: 9399-1529

A.N. Koval Postgraduate Student of the Department of State, Municipal Management and Personnel Policy (anatoly3919@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 08.02.2023, approved after reviewing on 06.03.2023, accepted for publication on 09.03.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-5-51-55

p. 51-55

Original article

Development of berry growing in the Republic of bashkortostan

GuzaliaZ. Sitdikova1, Gamir A. Khabirov2

1,2 Bashkir State Agrarian University, Ufa, Russia

Abstract. The article substantiates one of the directions of solving the problem of self-sufficiency of the countrys population with food, in particular, fruits and berries. It has been established that strawberry orchards have the shortest payback periods. Technological maps have been developed, on the basis of which technical and economic indicators for laying berry crops and caring for them have been determined. Reserves for increasing berry production in the Republic of Bashkortostan have been identified.

Keywords: the level of self-sufficiency in fruits and berries, measures of state support for the development of horticulture, the efficiency of berry production, technical and economic indicators, laying and caring for berry crops

 

Information about the authors:

G.Z. Sitdikova Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor (guz448@yandex.ru)

G.A. Khabirov Doctor of Economics, Professor (gamir.habirov@yandex.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 23.01.2023, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 23.03.2023, accepted for publication on 27.03.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-5-56-59

p. 56-59

Original article

Innovations and investments are the main factors of effective agribusiness management at the present stage (on the example of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)

Natalia V. Rodnina

Arctic State Agrotechnological University, Yakutsk, Russia

Abstract. The article is devoted to the problems of overcoming the technical and technological backwardness of the agrarian sector of the region. In modern conditions, the state is faced with the task of ensuring the effective management of the entire national economy, while the agro-industrial complex is one of the most important life-supporting areas. Food supply and well-being of the population depend on the state of the agro-industrial complex. At the same time, the agricultural complex retains the position of a less prepared industry for the transition to an innovative path of development and solving the issue of import substitution under sanctions. On the example of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), the article reflects negative trends that impede the development of the industry. The need to form an innovation process in the agro-industrial complex and its transition to a new economic strategy is defined as a primary task.

Keywords: innovation, investment, agro-industrial complex, agriculture, economic strategy, state support, development, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)

 

Information about the author:

N.V. Rodnina Doctor of Economics, Dean of the Faculty of Economics (rodninanv@gmail.com)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 20.03.2023, approved after reviewing on 24.04.2023, accepted for publication on 26.04.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-5-60-66

p. 60-66

Original article

Strategic directions and prospects for development AIC agroholdings

Rasul U. Gusmanov1, Evgeniy V. Stovba2, Guzel A. Salimova3, Sadyk S. Nizamov4, Igor S. Repin5

1,3Bashkir State Agrarian University, Ufa, Russia

2,4Ufa University of Science and Technology (Birsk branch), Birsk, Russia

5 Russian Academy of Staffing for the Agro-Industrial Complex, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. At present, the problem of the formation and development of agroholding entities is an important and relevant topic for discussion in the scientific community of the Republic of Bashkortostan and the country as a whole. The relevance of the study is largely determined by the presence on a regional scale of a large proportion of the rural population (38%), which is an important distinguishing feature of Bashkortostan, growing unemployment and a decrease in real incomes of rural residents of the republic. This requires a balanced and systematic approach to the development of agricultural production on a regional scale. It should be noted that in the republic the formation of agroholdings is an inevitable and objective process of consolidation of agricultural organizations, which is largely determined by the migration of capital and other resources from a number of sectors of the economy and the provision of significant preferences by the state to agricultural production in recent years. At the same time, equal rights should be ensured for all forms of ownership and management in the countryside. So, on the Bashkir land today it is quite comfortable in economic terms to conduct economic activities of personal (subsidiary) households of the population, peasant (farmer) households and agricultural organizations. Several large agricultural organizations operate in the republic, which fully correspond to the parameters of agroholdings. However, it must be stated that the categorical definition of the term agroholdings has not yet been presented in legislative acts and regulatory documents. Such terminological uncertainty leads to the fact that many large agricultural organizations continue to work under the auspices of a personal (subsidiary) farm, which, in turn, determines the emergence of serious contradictions in certain aspects of taxation, accounting, and state support for agricultural producers.

Keywords: agroholdings, agro-industrial complex, agricultural organizations, grain farming, agricultural land

 

Information about the authors:

R.U. Gusmanov Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Economics and Management (757121@mail.ru)

E.V. Stovba Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Computer Science and Economics (stovba2005@rambler.ru)

G.A. Salimova Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Finance, Analysis and Accounting Technologies (salimovaguzel@mail.ru)

S.S. Nizamov Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Social, Humanitarian and Economic Disciplines (sadyk765@mail.ru)

I.S. Repin Postgraduate Student (irepin1978@yandex.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 27.03.2023, approved after reviewing on 31.03.2023, accepted for publication on 03.04.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-5-67-72

p. 67-72

Original article

The system of state grain quality control in Canada

Vladimir V. Shaikin1, Elena V. Shaikina2

1 Federal Scientific Center for Agrarian Economics and Social Development of Rural Territories VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

2 State University of Land Management, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The organization of quality control of food products is an important function of state control and supervisory authorities in Canada. Special attention in this country is paid to quality control of grain and grain products. The latter is due to the fact that Canada supplies most of its grain products for export. Some elements of the Canadian system of state grain quality control may also be of interest to Russia.

Keywords: Canada, grain quality, state quality control, gross production, Canadian Grain Commission, grain classes, grain samples

 

Information about the authors:

V.V. Shaikin PhD (Economics), Senior Researcher, Associate Professor (vladimir_shaikin@mail.ru)

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2229-8296

E.V. Shaikina PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (sh_ev24@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 16.03.2023, approved after reviewing on 21.03.2023, accepted for publication on 22.03.2023.