Economy of Agricultural and Processing Enterprises, 2023, No 8

Contents

AGRARIAN ECONOMIC POLICY

Zakshevskii V.G., Merenkova I.N., Gavrilova Z.V. Diagnostics of spatial localization of rural territories of the Belgorod region (p. 2-12)

Kuznetsov V.V., Kholodova M.A. Assessment of the validity and practical feasibility of target indicators for the development of the livestock industry in the region within the framework of the State Program (p. 13-17)

Ivoylova I.V. Trends in the development of trade in agricultural products and food of the EAEU member states in modern conditions (p. 18-23)

AIC ENTERPRISES IN MARKET ECONOMY

Aleksanov D.S., Koshelev V.M., Sukharnikova M.A., Chekmareva N.V. About risk management of bakery development projects (p. 24-30)

Iovlev G.A., Goldina I.I. Organizational and economic aspects of the use of Indian-made tractors in business subjects of Russia (p. 31-37)

REGIONAL ASPECT

Bondarenko Yu.P. Regional factors of grain production growth in Russia (p. 38-48)

BUSINESS ACCOUNTING AND AUDIT

Sharapova V.M., Averkieva E.V., Sharapov Yu.V., Sharapova N.V. Algorithm for determining the share of agricultural production under the application of the unified agricultural tax (p. 49-54)

FINANCES AND CREDIT

Khabirov G.A., Nigmatullina G.R., Salimova G.A., Galeev A.F. Diagnostics and management of financial stability of organizations (p. 55-60)

LABOR MARKET AND SOCIAL SPHERE IN RURAL LOCALITY

Semin A.N. Features of the reproduction of skilled personnel in the agro-food sector of the economy and the mechanisms of their adaptation in rural territories (p. 61-66)

FOOD, RESOURCES AND TECHNICS MARKET

Dosova A.G., Peters I.A., Smotrova E.E., Zeleneva I.P. Management of customs logistics procedures as a system for regulating grain exports of the EAEU member states ................ (p. 67-74)

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-8-2-12

p. 2-12

Original article

Diagnostics of spatial localization of rural territories of the Belgorod region

Vasilii G. Zakshevskii1, Irina N. Merenkova2, Zoya V. Gavrilova3

1,2,3 Research Institute of Economics and Organization of Agro-Industrial Complex of the Central Chernozem Region branch of FGBSI Voronezh Federal Agrarian Scientific Center named after V.V. Dokuchaev, Voronezh, Russia

Abstract. The article deals with the issues of determining the level of spatial localization and inter-municipal polarization of rural areas of the Belgorod region. According to the main subsystems of spatial potential (labor, financial, infrastructural and social), the authors built ratings of municipal districts, reflecting their leadership or lag behind in various components. Using the relative magnitude of polarization, intermunicipal polarization was calculated by subsystems of spatial potential in the districts of the Belgorod region, and the total spatial potential for each district was calculated. The intermunicipal polarization, the total spatial potential and the degree of spatial localization of the districts of the Belgorod region are clearly presented in the form of cartograms. The interpretation of the results of the grouping is given and proposals are made for groups of municipalities with different levels of spatial potential.

Keywords: spatial localization, spatial potential, relative magnitude of polarization, diagnostics, rural areas, Belgorod region

 

Information about the authors:

V.G. Zakshevskii PhD (Economics), Professor, Academician of RAS (vgzak@bk.ru)

I.N. Merenkova PhD (Economics), Professor, Head of Department (upr-nii@yandex.ru)

Z.V. Gavrilova Candidate of Economic Sciences, Leading Researcher (zoya0203@yandex.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 06.06.2023, approved after reviewing on 03.07.2023, accepted for publication on 05.07.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-8-13-17

p. 13-17

Original article

Assessment of the validity and practical feasibility of target indicators for the development of the livestock industry in the region within the framework of the State Program

Vladimir V. Kuznetsov1, Marina A. Kholodova2

1, 2 Federal State Budget Scientific Institution Federal Rostov Agricultural Research Centre, Rassvet, Rostov region, Russia

Abstract. With the beginning of socio-economic transformations of the agrarian sphere in 2006-2021, the domestic livestock industry is developing within the framework of the formation of a modern strategic planning system. Priority goals, benchmarks, indicators of the development of the meat and dairy farming industry for the long-term perspective and the states obligations to support agricultural producers are reflected in the State Program. The implementation of strategic tasks is carried out at the regional level. The direct executors are agricultural producers. Stimulation of agribusiness entities in terms of the development of priority subsectors of animal husbandry in small forms of management, technical modernization of their technological processes, co-operational interactions is provided by providing state support funds. The article assesses the validity of the target indicators of the development of the livestock industry within the framework of the regional state Program of Rostov region and their practical feasibility. It is proved that the absence of an active predictive function in the strategic planning system at the regional level casts doubt on the objectivity of the formation and fulfillment of the target indicators of the regional state Program. The authors substantiated forecasts of the development of meat and dairy farming at the level of a specific region for the long term and the assessment of the current level of state support of the industry cause the need to revise the basic approaches to the allocation of budgetary funds in order to achieve strategic priorities.

Keywords: agricultural sector, State Program, target indicators, forecast, state support, animal husbandry, Rostov region

 

Information about the authors:

V.V. Kuznetsov Ph D (Economics), Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation, Professor, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences (kuzvlad2017@yandex.ru)

M.A. Kholodova Ph D (Economics), Associate Professor (kholodovama@rambler.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 13.06.2023, approved after reviewing on 19.06.2023, accepted for publication on 21.06.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-8-18-23

p. 18-23

Original article

Trends in the development of trade in agricultural products and food of the EAEU member states in modern conditions

Irina V. Ivoylova

Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution Federal Research Center of Agrarian Economy and Social Development of Rural Areas All Russian Research Institute of Agricultural Economics- FSBSIFRC AESDRA VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article examines the positive trends in the development of the agro-food sector of the economy of the EAEU member states, which take place despite the impact of negative internal and external factors. In 2021, the total volume of mutual trade in agricultural products and food of the EAEU amounted to 11.9 billion US dollars, an increase of 34.8% compared to 2018. Foreign trade turnover increased by 24.7% and reached almost $70 billion. The share of agro-food products in the total trade turnover of the EAEU states is almost continuously increasing. It should be noted that the EAEU countries have been steadily reducing imports of agri-food group goods. The level of intraregional trade in the EAEU in 2021 amounted to 25.5%, which is higher than the same indicator for other integration associations, however, significantly below the level of the European Union (about 70%).The largescale sanctions imposed against the two countries of the association Russia and Belarus - have closed the markets of many Western countries and significantly disrupted the established logistics chains. This forced the EAEU states to actively work on finding and establishing trade relations with new partners, in particular with Egypt, India, Israel, Indonesia, the United Arab Emirates; the expediency of concluding an agreement is being studied with Mongolia.

Keywords: EAEU, GDP, foreign trade, domestic trade, exports, imports, pandemic, geopolitical tensions, sanctions, food products, agricultural raw materials

 

Information about the author:

I.V. Ivoylova Researcher (cisnet@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 20.06.2023, approved after reviewing on 05.07.2023, accepted for publication on 10.07.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-8-24-30

p. 24-30

Original article

About risk management of bakery development projects

Dmitry S. Aleksanov1, Valery M. Koshelev2,, Maria A. Sukharnikova3, Natalya V. Chekmareva4

1,2,3,4 Russian State Agrarian University Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The bakery industry is one of the most important in the agro-industrial complex of Russia, since it serves to provide the population with one of the main food products. The development program of this industry provides for improving the quality of products by bringing manufacturers closer to consumers, as well as by increasing the flexibility of production and better adapting it to the needs of the population on the basis of the development of small-scale production, provided its profitability and competitiveness. In this regard, the industry is expected to increase the scale of development and implementation of investment projects, which necessitates their thorough analysis to identify specific risks and manage investment activities. In this article, the main attention is paid to the risks of erroneous assessment by the initiator of all the consequences of planned measures. Often, being sure of a positive result, assessors miss important circumstances, which can lead to the opposite effect. With strict adherence to the methodological recommendations and their comprehensive application, it is possible to avoid situations when the initiator of the project financially damages himself with his own decisions. In difficult cases, this requires timely and qualified consulting support.

Keywords: bakery industry, investment activity, assortment, competition between goods, efficiency assessment, risk analysis

 

Information about the authors:

D.S. Aleksanov PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (daleksanov@mail.ru)

ORCID 0000-0002-7983-6403

SPIN- 5071-4601

V.M. Koshelev Doctor of Economics, Professor (vmkoshelev@gmail.com)

ScopusAuthorID 57224409228

ORCID 0000-0002-6573-5898

SPIN- 1258-4999

AuthorID 713614

M.A. Sukharnikova PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (masukharnikova@mail.ru)

ScopusAuthorID 57222654823

ORCID 0000-0002-9960-2698

SPIN- 4334-8267

AuthorID 446240

N.V. Chekmareva PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (cnv2005@yandex.ru)

ScopusAuthorID 57222654785

ORCID 0000-0003-2268-1233

SPIN- 6103-3566

AuthorID 471407

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 23.05.2023, approved after reviewing on 20.06.2023, accepted for publication on 26.06.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-8-31-37

p. 31-37

Original article

Organizational and economic aspects of the use of Indian-made tractors in business subjects of Russia

Grigory A. Iovlev1, Irina I. Goldina2

1, 2 Ural State Agrarian University, Yekaterinburg, Russia

Abstract. The study presents the main manufacturers of agricultural machinery and tractors in India, their share in total production, dynamics in recent years. The production of tractors in India over the past 70 years has been analyzed. It is mainly focused on the production of tractors with an engine power of up to 50 hp. Indian-made tractors that have appeared on the Russian market have a rather high energy saturation, which will allow using ballast weights to obtain satisfactory traction properties and high performance properties. When determining the economic efficiency of using tractors, it was revealed that the Indian-made Solis 90 tractor is practically not inferior to Chinese-made tractors, and surpasses them in a number of parameters.

Keywords: agricultural tractors, India, tractor characteristics, market, analysis, operational properties, energy saturation, cost, economic efficiency

 

Information about the authors:

G.A. Iovlev PhD (Economics), Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Service of Transport and Technological Machines and Equipment in the Agro-industrial Complex (gri-iovlev@yandex.ru)

I.I. Goldina Senior Lecturer at the Department of Service of Transport and Technological Machines and Equipment in the AIC (ir.goldina@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 05.06.2023, approved after reviewing on 13.06.2023, accepted for publication on 14.06.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-8-38-48

p. 38-48

Original article

Regional factors of grain production growth in Russia

Yuri P. Bondarenko

The Institute of Agrarian Problems is a separate structural subdivision of the Federal State Budgetary Institution of Science of the Federal Research Center Saratov Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Saratov, Russia

Abstract. The record gross grain harvest in 2022 made it possible to strengthen Russias food security and increase its export potential. This increases the relevance of the study of regional factors of grain production growth to maintain this trend. A study of 27 regions with the most developed grain subcomplex, which produce almost 90% of grain in the country, showed a low dependence of grain production growth rates on the value of indicators of material and financial security of agriculture. It is concluded that a ranked increase in the growth rate of grain production in almost half of the regions occurred with a decrease in the staffing of enterprises with basic types of agricultural machinery, a decrease in the volume of mineral and organic fertilizers, a reduction in the volume of investment and subsidization of agriculture and an increase in the degree of general and complete depreciation of fixed assets of agriculture. Over the past eight years, the indicators of material and financial security of agriculture in all surveyed regions have sharply decreased, which significantly reduces the possibility of further growth in grain production. The selected regions were grouped according to the existing level of agricultural production potential. It was revealed that only ten regions have a relatively balanced material and financial potential, which makes it possible to continue increasing grain production in the near future with a high probability while maintaining the existing volumes of state support. In the remaining seventeen regions, further increase in grain production will be impossible without a significant increase in support and financing of the grain subcomplex.

Keywords: grain production, regions of Russia, interregional differentiation, factors of production, agro-climatic conditions, investment, subsidies, fertilizer application rates, availability of basic types of agricultural machinery, fixed assets of agriculture, preservation of grain production growth rates

 

Information about the author:

Yu.P Bondarenko PhD (Economics), Senior Researcher (Bondarenko-YP@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 19.06.2023, approved after reviewing on 03.07.2023, accepted for publication on 05.07.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-8-49-54

p. 49-54

Original article

Algorithm for determining the share of agricultural production under the application of the unified agricultural tax

Valentina M. Sharapova1, Elena V. Averkieva2, Yuri V. Sharapov3, Natalia V. Sharapova4

1, 2 3, 4 Ural State University of Economics, Yekaterinburg, Russia

Abstract. The article describes the features of the application of the unified agricultural tax (UAT) on the example of an agricultural enterprise engaged in the processing of dairy products. The technique is considered and the algorithm for determining the share of agricultural products in the implementation of primary and secondary processing of milk is proposed. The taxation of the agricultural sector remains one of the main directions in the development of the tax policy of the Russian Federation. UAT performs mainly a stimulating function, at the same time, being one of the main economic instruments of the state to regulate the countrys agro-industrial complex. The pace of development of the agrarian sector is closely related to the size of the incoming tax in the consolidated budget of the state. The calculation of the base for calculating the unified agricultural tax is an important condition. Therefore, the algorithm proposed by the authors for determining the share of agricultural products when using the Unified Agricultural Tax is of practical importance.

Keywords: unified agricultural tax, agricultural products, primary processing, subsequent (industrial) processing

 

Information about the authors:

V.M. Sharapova Doctor of Economics, Professor (agroprom23@mail.ru)

E.V. Averkieva masters student (avselena@mail.ru)

Yu.V. Sharapov PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (iura.sharapov@list.ru)

N.V. Sharapova Doctor of Economics (sharapov.66@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 28.06.2023, approved after reviewing on 05.07.2023, accepted for publication on 10.07.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-8-55-60

p. 55-60

Original article

Diagnostics and management of financial stability of organizations

Gamir A. Khabirov1, Gulnaro R. Nigmatullina2, Guzel A. Salimova3, Aidar F. Galeev4

1,2,3,4 Bashkir State Agrarian University, Ufa, Russia

Abstract. The article describes the methodological aspects of diagnosing the financial stability of a commercial organization. The risks of its bankruptcy, creditworthiness and types of financial stability were assessed. The classification of financial risks and the mechanism of their management, the mechanism of financial stability management based on the minimization of financial risks are disclosed.

Keywords: financial stability, diagnostics, bankruptcy risk assessment, creditworthiness, types of financial stability, classification of financial risks, minimization of financial risks

 

Information about the authors:

G.A. Khabirov Doctor of Economics, Professor (gamir.habirov@yandex.ru)

G.R. Nigmatullina Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor (nigmatullina419@yandex.ru)

G.A. Salimova Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor (salimovaguzel@mail.ru)

A.F. Galeev Junior research assistant (galeevaidar2001@gmail.com)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 20.03.2023, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 24.04.2023, accepted for publication on 26.04.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-8-61-66

p. 61-66

Original article

Features of the reproduction of skilled personnel in the agro-food sector of the economy and the mechanisms of their adaptation in rural territories

Alexander N. Semin

Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russia

Abstract. The article presents the results of the analysis of the influence of various socio-economic factors on the processes of reproduction of qualified personnel and the adaptation of young specialists in rural areas of the Middle Urals. It has been established that young specialists consider insufficient practical (practice-oriented) training in an agricultural educational institution to be the most important factor preventing full adaptation (unlike in previous years). They are also very concerned (according to the survey data) about the lack of mentorship in most of the economic entities of the agro-industrial complex. Faster than other young professionals, veterinarians and zooengineers adapt to the new production environment (average adaptation time is 1.5 years). It is recommended to carry out career guidance work on the stages of the reproductive process (preparation in kindergarten - at school - at college - at the university - arrival at the place of work and adaptation to production processes - advanced training - retraining if necessary).

Keywords: rural area, reproduction, qualified personnel, young specialists, adaptation, vocational education, remuneration, housing stock

 

Information about the author:

A.N. Semin Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Economics, Professor, Chief Researcher of the Sector for Research on Adaptation of Regional Systems (aleks_ural_55@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 05.07.2023, approved after reviewing on 10.07.2023, accepted for publication on 11.07.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-8-67-74

p. 67-74

Original article

Management of customs logistics procedures as a system for regulating grain exports of the EAEU Member States

Aizhan G. Dosova1, Irina A. Peters2, Elena E. Smotrova3, Irina P. Zeleneva4

1, 2, 3 Volgograd State Agrarian University, Volgograd, Russia

4 University College, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The largest subcomplex of the agro-industrial complex and the backbone of the domestic food market as a whole is grain farming. The efficiency of this sector of the economy determines the provision of the population with food, as well as the food security of the country. Grain production is the basis of export potential growth and competitive advantage in the world food market. The article presents the dynamics of changes in the gross harvest and export of grain by the EAEU countries, the impact of customs duties and state support on pricing in the grain subcomplex in the Russian Federation. The features of the damping mechanism of pricing in grain production and measures of customs and logistics regulation in the grain market of the Russian Federation are investigated.

Keywords: customs and logistics regulation, agriculture, grain subcomplex, production, commodity and purchase interventions, duties, grain exports, price damping mechanism in grain production

 

Information about the authors:

A.G. Dosova PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (aijanraskalieva@mail.ru)

I.A. Peters PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (peters_irina@mail.ru)

E.E. Smotrova PhD (Economics), Associate Professor (elena_sm11@mail.ru)

I.P. Zeleneva Lecturer (i.zeleneva@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 18.01.2023, approved after reviewing on 13.02.2023, accepted for publication on 20.02.2023.