Economy of Agricultural and Processing Enterprises, 2023, No 9

Contents

AGRARIAN ECONOMIC POLICY

Altukhov A.I. The main mechanisms for ensuring national food security (p. 2-9)

Shelamova N.A. Strategic directions for strengthening the food security of the BRICS countries at the present stage (p. 10-15)

Moiseev A.V. Development of the concept of sustainable development of breeding and seed production in the region (p. 16-21)

Petrikov A.V. 105 years since the birth of Academician A.A. Nikonov (p. 22-26)

AIC ENTERPRISES IN MARKET ECONOMY

Yakushkin N.M., Alekseev S.L., Sharipov S.A., Sergeeva Yu.S. Dynamics of labor productivity, resource saving and anti-corruption control in the formation of competitive actors (p. 27-32)

Vizirskaya M.M., Zhdanov V.Yu. Controlling the economic sustainability of agricultural organizations with the help of the agrochemical service (p. 33-39)

REGIONAL ASPECT

Maslova V.V., Zaruk N.F., Avdeev M.V. The assessment of investment risks in agriculture in Russia (p. 40-47)

Kolesnyak A.A., Polyanskaya N.M., Shaporova Z.E. Methodological approaches to the typologization of regions according to the level of development of the agro-food system (based on the materials of the Far Eastern Federal District) (p. 48-56)

Novikova I.I. Spatial asymmetry in infrastructure security of non-urbanized territories of the Russian Federation (p. 57-63)

INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT

Vodyannikov V.T., Eder A.V. The role of scientific and technological progress in the process of AIC modernization in the context of digital transformation (p. 64-68)

Skvortsov E.A., Yalunina E.N., Gusev A.S. Application of artificial intelligence systems in prediction of yield of agricultural crops (p. 69-74)

BUSINESS ENTITIES: PROBLEMS AND PRACTICES

Goncharov V.D. Non-cooperative forms of market integration of small business entities (p. 75-80)

FOOD, RESOURCES AND TECHNICS MARKET

Sobolev O.S. Food consumer and production prices and indices in the 2nd quarter of 2023 (p. 81-86)

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-9-2-9

p. 2-9

Original article

The main mechanisms for ensuring national food security

Anatoly I. Altukhov

FSBSI Federal Research Center of Agrarian Economy and Social Development of Rural Areas All-Russian Research Institute of Agricultural Economics, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. When ensuring national food security, it is necessary to proceed from the essence of this economic category in relation to the state, and not to its individual regions. It is the State that should be entrusted with the responsibility for its reliable provision, regardless of the influence of internal and external threats and challenges. Its role in the development of the entire food supply system of the countrys population is especially increasing in modern conditions of increasing sanctions pressure on it and conducting a special military operation in Ukraine. At the same time, the responsibility of the State for mobilizing domestic resources to achieve national interests in the field of food security is also increasing. At the same time, a successful solution to the problem of reliable provision of national food security is possible only on the basis of the paradigm of scientific and technological development of the agricultural sector of the economy, as well as the use of a system of effective mechanisms providing at the same time an optimal combination of market self-regulation and state impact on the production, exchange, distribution and consumption of food products and agricultural raw materials, as well as increasing the predictability of ensuring national food security and achieving its goals. According to different relations of interaction of mechanisms of production, logistics and consumption of food by the population, different models of ensuring national food security are mainly formed. In the conditions of sanctions pressure, it is important to implement the provisions stated in the Food Security Doctrine of the Russian Federation, for which it is necessary to adjust the existing mechanisms for its provision in relation to modern realities. It is necessary to adopt a system of effective organizational and economic measures that contribute to the consolidation of the efforts of government, science and the business community for the sustainable development of the agro-industrial complex, increasing the competitiveness of its products in the domestic and foreign agri-food markets.

Keywords: Russia, national food security, mechanisms, food, population, agriculture, interaction, food security model, trade, sanctions, external and internal threats and challenges

 

Information about the author:

A.I. Altukhov Doctor of Economics, Professor, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Head of the Department of Territorial and Sectoral Division of Labor in the agro-industrial complex (prognos@mail.ru)

http://orcid/org/0000-0003-3740-2436;

Scopus Author ID: 57190430495;

SPIN: 9401-7037)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 19.07.2023, approved after reviewing on 26.07.2023, accepted for publication on 31.07.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-9-10-15

p. 10-15

Original article

Strategic directions for strengthening the food security of the BRICS countries at the present stage

Nadezhda A. Shelamova

Federal Scientific Center for Agrarian Economics and Social Development of Rural Territories VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article considers the problem of ensuring food security within the framework of the BRICS bloc. The countries included in this association have been demonstrating significant economic growth and strengthening their positions in the international arena over the past few years. The BRICS member states have great resource potential (land, water, labor resources) for the development of agriculture and are, for the most part, the worlds largest producers and exporters of agricultural and food products. In 2022, the export of agro-food products of the BRICS countries exceeded 15% of the world level. Issues of ensuring food security at the regional and national level have been constantly on the agenda of regularly held summits and have been reflected in a number of documents developed, among them the BRICS Economic Partnership Strategy until 2025 and the Action Plan for 2021-2024 on Agricultural cooperation of the BRICS countries. In order to implement joint actions to ensure the sustainable development of the member States on the basis of modern scientific and technological achievements, the BRICS Agricultural Research Platform was developed and put into operation.

Keywords: food security, BRICS countries, GDP dynamics, agricultural exports, directions for strengthening food security

 

Information about the author:

N.A. Shelamova PhD (Biology), Leading Researcher (shelna24-04@yandex.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 11.07.2023, approved after reviewing on 26.07.2023, accepted for publication on 31.07.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-9-16-21

p. 16-21

Original article

Development of the concept of sustainable development of breeding and seed production in the region

Arkady V. Moiseev

Kuban State Agrarian University named after I.T. Trubilin, Krasnodar, Russia

Abstract. The author of the article, using the example of the Krasnodar Territory, substantiates that one of the priorities of the effective functioning of the agro-industrial complex is the development of breeding and seed production in the region based on the use of a digitalization tool. Since the existing scientific equipment of the breeding and seed-growing complex in the Krasnodar Territory seriously lags behind modern requirements, the outdated breeding and seed-growing base does not allow obtaining high-quality seeds of higher reproductions, it is necessary to introduce digitalization as a tool for the sustainable development of breeding and seed production in the region. The article substantiates the main provisions of the proposed concept, focuses on the priority budget financing of the breeding and seed production complex, the development of the economic foundations of zonal seed production, as well as on the systematic state planning of the entire system of breeding and seed production.

Keywords: digitalization, breeding and seed production system, state regulation, human resources potential of the breeding and seed production complex, Krasnodar Territory

 

Information about the author:

A.V. Moiseev Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Management and Marketing (moiseew_a@rambler.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 03.07.2023, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 21.08.2023, accepted for publication on 22.08.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-9-22-26

p. 22-26

The conference materials

105 years since the birth of Academician A.A. Nikonov

Petrikov A.V.

VIAPI named after A.A. Nikonov is a branch of the Federal Scientific Center for Agrarian Economics and Social Development of Rural Territories VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-9-27-32

p. 27-32

Original article

Dynamics of labor productivity, resource saving and anti-corruption control in the formation of competitive actors

Nikolai M. Yakushkin1, Sergey L. Alekseev2, Salimzyan A. Sharipov3, Yulia S. Sergeeva4

1, 2, 3, 4 FGBOU DPO Tatar Institute for the Retraining of Agribusiness Personnel, Kazan, Russia

Abstract. A special military operation in Ukraine, harsh economic sanctions against Russia by unfriendly countries have led to a new situation in the functioning of economic actors. In these conditions, the issues of achieving their competitiveness, cardinal modernization of the industry, increasing labor productivity, motivation, resource saving and a significant increase in food exports to world and local markets are put forward to the fore, which is not possible without an effective organization of anti-corruption control. In this aspect, there is a successful practice of the actors of the Republic of Tatarstan on the rational use of available means of production, finance and human capital with the use of anti-corruption control. Over the past decades, these measures have significantly increased labor productivity in the region, halved energy consumption with a significant increase in production. A significant contribution to these results was made by the introduction of the lean production system 5S, which made it possible to significantly reduce the number of employees, reduce the cost of production, and increase the profitability of the regions actors.

Keywords: economic actors, resource saving, lean manufacturing, anti-corruption, anti-corruption control, personnel, modern technologies, labor productivity, motivation, cost, profitability, 5S system

 

Information about the authors:

N.M. Yakushkin Honored Economist of the Republic of Tatarstan, Doctor of Economics, Professor, Chief Researcher (nikolay.yakushkin@tatar.ru)

S.L. Alekseev Honored Lawyer of the Republic of Tatarstan, Doctor of Economics, Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor, Vice-Rector for Research, Professor (tany_1313@mail.ru)

S.A. Sharipov Doctor of Economics, Professor, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Chief Researcher (salimzan1945@mail.ru)

Yu.S. Sergeeva Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor (kafedra-upip@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 21.06.2023, approved after reviewing on 03.07.2023, accepted for publication on 05.07.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-9-33-39

p. 33-39

Original article

Controlling the economic sustainability of agricultural organizations with the help of the agrochemical service

Maria M. Vizirskaya1, Vasily Yu. Zhdanov2

1, 2 D.N. Pryanishnikov Research Institute of Agrochemistry, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article discusses the formation of a system of controlling the economic sustainability of agricultural organizations with the help of the organization of agrochemical service. The main functions of the relevant department in the context of the organizations management are determined, as well as the competencies necessary for the service staff are established.

Keywords: agriculture, controlling, agrochemical service, economic sustainability

 

Information about the authors:

M.M. Vizirskaya Candidate of Biological Sciences, Researcher

V.Yu. Zhdanov Candidate of Economic Sciences, Researcher (vasilii.zhdanov@gmail.com)

ORCID: 0000-0001-7449-0661

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 10.07.2023, approved after reviewing on 26.07.2023, accepted for publication on 31.07.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-9-40-47

p. 40-47

Original article

The assessment of investment risks in agriculture in Russia

Vlada V. Maslova1, Natalya F. Zaruk2, Mikhail V. Avdeev3

1,2,3Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution Federal Research Center of Agrarian Economy and Social Development of Rural Areas All-Russian Research Institute of Agricultural Economics, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article is devoted to the problems of formation of investment attractiveness in the context of minimizing investment risks in agriculture in Russia. The authors consider the basic concepts of risk theory, including in agriculture. The researchers proposed methodological approaches to the assessment of investment risks, including the identification of risks, their classification and grouping, calculation and assessment of risks. The assessment of investment risks was carried out by calculating the complex integral indicator determined on the basis of financial, economic and social risks, based on the operation of maximization and double rationing. Based on the approbation of methodological approaches to the assessment of investment risks in agriculture in the context of the regions of the Russian Federation, the authors conducted the ranking and grouping of regions and identified a group of regions with minimal investment risks and extremely high risks. In order to minimize investment risks, the article formulates proposals for improving measures of state regulation and investment policy at the federal and regional levels.

Keywords: investments, investment risks, investment attractiveness, agriculture, regions of the Russian Federation, risk assessment, integral indicator, minimization of investment risks

 

Information about the authors:

V.V. Maslova Dr. Sci. (Econ.), Prof. RAS, Head of the Department for the Study of Price and Financial-Credit Relations in the AIC (maslova.ec-fin@vniiesh.ru)

N.F. Zaruk Dr. Sci. (Econ.), Prof., Chief Researcher of the Department for the Study of Price and Financial-Credit Relations in the AIC (zaruk.ec-fin@vniiesh.ru)

M.V. Avdeev Ph. D (Econ.), Leading Researcher of the Department for the Study of Price and Financial-Credit Relations in the AIC (avdeev.ec-fin@vniiesh.ru)

The article was submitted on 31.07.2023, approved after reviewing on 21.08.2023, accepted for publication on 22.08.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-9-48-56

p. 48-56

Original article

Methodological approaches to the typologization of regions according to the level of development of the agro-food system (based on the materials of the Far Eastern Federal District)

Antonina A. Kolesnyak1, Natalya M. Polyanskaya 2, Zinaida E. Shaporova3

1, 3 Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia

2 Banzarov Buryat State University, Ulan-Ude, Russia

Abstract. Trends in the decline in living standards in Russian regions indicate that the state and municipal authorities need to pay increased attention to the development of socio-economic systems, including agri-food. This is especially true for the Far Eastern regions, which are characterized by extreme soil and climatic conditions for agricultural production, undeveloped transport infrastructure, unfavorable demographic situation and significant remoteness from the main logistics centers of the country, which significantly limits the possibilities of food self-sufficiency. The regions of the Far Eastern Federal District (FEFD) are markedly differentiated by the level of per capita food production and consumption. The agro-food system needs targeted state regulation, while the development of measures should be carried out on the basis of a differentiated approach to the development of different types of regions. In continuation of the previously conducted research, this article supplements the proven method of typologizing regions by considering other essential features to identify problems and determine the prospects for the development of the agro-food sector. Thus, the following features have been introduced: parameters of resource, infrastructure and financial potentials; sectoral specialization of regions according to the level of development of the agro-food system. In further studies, it is supposed to test the already supplemented methodology for typologizing regions according to the level of development of the agro-food system in the Far Eastern Federal District.

Keywords: agri-food system, development, region, typologization, differentiation, Far Eastern Federal District, population, agriculture, food, production, consumption, state regulation

 

Information about the authors:

A.A. Kolesnyak Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor, Honored Worker of Higher Education of the Russian Federation, Honored Economist of the Republic of Buryatia, Professor of the Department of State, Municipal Management and Personnel Policy (kolesnyak.antonina@yandex.ru)

Scopus Author ID: 57131029600;

ORCID: 0000-0001-6681-2261;

SPIN: 9399-1529

N.M. Polyanskaya Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Senior Researcher at the Research Center of the Institute of Economics and Management of Banzarov Buryat State University (natali_mz@mail.ru)

Scopus Author ID: 57193360921;

ORCID: 0000-0002-6387-6494;

SPIN: 3603-3154

Z.E. Shaporova Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Director of the Institute of Economics and Management of Agriculture of Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian University (fub@kgau.ru)

Scopus Author ID: 57209776330;

ORCID: 0009-0003-2137-0545;

SPIN: 3039-7172

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 26.06.2023, approved after reviewing on 05.07.2023, accepted for publication on 10.07.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-9-57-63

p. 57-63

Original article

Spatial asymmetry in infrastructure security of non-urbanized territories of the Russian Federation

Irina I. Novikova 1, 2

1 Research Institute for Economics and Organization of Agro-Industrial Complex in the Central Chernozem Region branch of FSBSI Voronezh Federal Agrarian Scientific Center named after V.V. Dokuchaev, Voronezh, Russia

2 Institute of Regional Economy and Interbudgetary Relations of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The current spatial transformation has led to negative changes in the current conditions of life support of the population, namely, to a decrease in the infrastructure provision of non-urbanized territories. To solve this problem, it is necessary to make an assessment that allows to identify the level of infrastructure development in territories with different degrees of spatial organization. As a result, 4 types of non-urbanized territories were identified: with a high level of infrastructure development and a moderate degree of spatial organization (10 regions); with the highest level of infrastructure development and a significant degree of spatial organization (11 regions); with a satisfactory level of infrastructure development and a low degree of spatial organization (31 regions); with a critical level of infrastructure development and a degree of spatial organization (30 regions). For each type, measures are justified aimed at providing the population with socially significant objects to meet their service needs.

Keywords: non-urbanized territories, regions, infrastructure, spatial asymmetry, spatial organization, scoring, Russian Federation

Acknowledgments: the article was prepared based on the results of studies carried out at the expense of budgetary funds on the state task of the Financial University, VTK-GZ-42-23.

 

Information about the author:

I.I. Novikova Candidate of Economic Sciences, Leading Researcher of the Department of Administration of the AIC and Rural Territories; Senior Researcher (irinchic@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 16.06.2023, approved after reviewing on 05.07.2023, accepted for publication on 10.07.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-9-64-68

p. 64-68

Original article

The role of scientific and technological progress in the process of AIC modernization in the context of digital transformation

Vladimir T. Vodyannikov1, Alexander V. Eder2

1 Russian State Agrarian University - MSHA named after K.A. Timiryazev, Moscow, Russia

2 Company KROC Incorporated, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. Achievements in the scientific field, the improvement of technology in the process of transition to the digital economy are associated with periods of activation of scientific and technological progress. The successes in quantum computing were preceded by many successfully implemented scientific developments that expanded and replenished the volume of scientific knowledge and contributed to the introduction of innovative technologies, substantiated innovative scientific theories that created a new generation of technology, which confirms the relevance of stimulating the modernization of economic sectors, including agriculture. The digital economy as a trend is being implemented in agricultural sectors, for which a digital transformation map is proposed. The article presents the directions of scientific and technological progress that are in demand in the agro-industrial complex in order to improve it, the topic of modernization of the industry on the basis of digitalization is considered. The introduction of intelligent decision support systems in crop production and animal husbandry allows to reduce production costs, save resources, and increase the efficiency of agro-industrial production.

Keywords: scientific and technological progress, economy, agro-industrial complex, digital economy, scientific and technological progress, digitalization, modernization, intelligent systems

 

Information about the authors:

V.T. Vodyannikov Doctor of Economics (vvt-5210@yandex.ru )

A.V. Eder Candidate of Technical Sciences, Director of Industry Solutions (Alexander.Eder@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 15.05.2023, approved after reviewing and corresponding authors revision on 12.07.2023, accepted for publication on 13.07.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-9-69-74

p. 69-74

Original article

Application of artificial intelligence systems in prediction of yield of agricultural crops

Egor A. Skvortsov1, Ekaterina N. Yalunina2, Aleksey S. Gusev3

1, 2 Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education Ural State Economic University, Yekaterinburg, Russia

3 Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education Ural State Agrarian University, Yekaterinburg, Russia

Abstract. The use of artificial intelligence systems makes it possible to increase the accuracy of forecasting crop yields in comparison with traditional methods. The purpose of the study is to analyze research in the field of the use of artificial intelligence systems in predicting crop yields. Currently, artificial intelligence systems have been developed and tested to predict the yield of rice, wheat, lettuce, coffee and other agricultural crops. To do this, systems based on neural networks, genetic algorithms, the support vector machine and others are used. The effects of the use of artificial intelligence systems in predicting crop yields are revealed. They consist in improving the quality of the planning process of consumed resources, optimizing acreage, improving the accuracy of forecasting product prices in comparison with traditional methods. Specific recommendations are given on the use of artificial intelligence systems in optimizing grain production under the given constraints.

Keywords: agriculture, artificial intelligence, productivity, yield forecasting, research review

 

Information about the authors:

E.A. Skvortsov Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor (9089267986@mail.ru)

E.N. Yalunina Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor (yalunina.1979@mail.ru)

A.S. Gusev Candidate of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor (a_anser@mail.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 12.07.2023, approved after reviewing on 19.07.2023, accepted for publication on 20.07.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-9-75-80

p. 75-80

Original article

Non-cooperative forms of market integration of small business entities

Vladimir D. Goncharov

VIAPI named after A.A. Nikonov is a branch of the Federal Scientific Center for Agrarian Economics and Social Development of Rural Territories VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article shows the role of farming and households of the population in solving the problem of food security of the country. The analysis of the level of agricultural production in small forms of management is given, measures are proposed for the development of agro-contracting with their participation in order to increase food resources and preserve settlements in rural areas.

Keywords: peasant (farmer) farms, personal subsidiary farms, agro-contracting, consumer cooperation, retail network

 

Information about the author:

V.D. Goncharov Doctor of Economics, Professor, Chief Researcher

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 20.07.2023, approved after reviewing on 26.07.2023, accepted for publication on 31.07.2023.

 

 

DOI 10.31442/0235-2494-2023-0-9-81-86

p. 81-86

Original article

Food consumer and production prices and indices in the 2nd quarter of 2023

Oleg S. Sobolev

VIAPI named after A.A. Nikonov is a branch of the Federal Scientific Center for Agrarian Economics and Social Development of Rural Territories VNIIESH, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The article provides a formula for calculating the food price index. The scheme of calculating the FAO food price index is considered. The prices on the grain, milk and meat markets in Russia, the EU and the USA are analyzed. There is a resumption of growth in sugar prices on the domestic and global markets in the 2nd quarter of 2023.

Keywords: FAO food price index, Laspeyres formula, FAO grain price index decrease, milk price drop, FAO meat price index increase, domestic and world sugar prices increase, sunflower oil prices decrease

 

Information about the author:

O.S. Sobolev PhD (Engineering), Leading Researcher (oleg209sob@viapi.ru)

The article was submitted to the editorial office on 17.08.2023, approved after reviewing on 28.08.2023, accepted for publication on 29.08.2023.